Transcript: Cancer: Breast Cancer Nicole Garafulic Cells in the breast sometimes change and no longer grow or behave normally. These changes may lead to non-cancerous (benign) breast conditions or in some cases, the changes to the breast cell can cause cancer (malignant) which is a group of cancer cells that can grow into and destroy the tissue. Most often, breast cancer starts in cells that line the ducts, which are the tubes that carry milk from the glands to the nipple. Introduction Introduction According to the Canadian Cancer Society: 26,900 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. This represents 25% of all new cancer cases in women in 2019. 5,000 women will die from breast cancer. This represents 13% of all cancer deaths in women in 2019. The breast cancer incidence rate in women in Canada rose between 1984 and 1991. It is estimated that about 1 in 8 Canadian women will develop breast cancer during their lifetime and 1 in 33 will die from it. Statistics Breast Cancer Statistics Ductal carcinoma (most common) Lobular carcinoma (most common) inflammatory breast cancer Paget disease of the nipple triple negative breast cancer soft tissue sarcoma melanoma others... Types of Breast Cancer Types There are cancer cells only in the lining of a breast duct. This is called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). There is a buildup of abnormal cells in the breast lobules. This is called lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). There is Paget disease of the breast without any invasive carcinoma, DCIS or LCIS. Stage 0 Stage IA The tumor is 2 cm or smaller. Stage IB The tumor is 2 cm or smaller, or no tumor can be seen in the breast. A small number of cancer cells are found in the lymph nodes. Stage I Stage IIA Cancer cells are found in 1 to 3 lymph nodes under the arm. tumor is larger than 2 cm but not more than 5 cm. Stage IIB Cancer cells are found in 1 to 3 lymph nodes under the arm. the tumor is larger than 5 cm Stage II Stage IIIA Cancer cells are found in 4 to 9 axillary lymph nodes, or in internal mammary lymph nodes but not in axillary lymph nodes. the tumor is larger than 5 cm. Stage IIIB The tumor has grown into the muscles of the chest wall or the skin or both. The cancer may have also spread to 1 to 9 axillary lymph nodes or to internal mammary lymph nodes. It can be inflammatory breast cancer. Stage IIIC The cancer has spread to 10 or more axillary lymph nodes. The cancer has spread to more than 3 axillary lymph nodes and internal mammary lymph nodes. The cancer has spread to lymph nodes above the collarbone Stage III The cancer has spread to other parts of the body (called distant metastasis), such as to the bone, liver, lungs or brain. This is also called metastatic breast cancer. Stage IV A lump in the armpit Changes in the shape or size of the breast Changes to the nipple, such as a nipple that suddenly starts to point inward (called an inverted nipple) Discharge that comes out of the nipple without squeezing it or that has blood in it Signs & Symptoms Early Signs Late symptoms of breast cancer include: bone pain weight loss nausea loss of appetite jaundice shortness of breath cough headache double vision muscle weakness Late Symptoms how to identify breast cancer at home https://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/testing/types/self_exam https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yTHyMNBkbOY Other Resources Personal history of breast cancer Family history of breast and other cancers BRCA gene mutations Dense breasts Certain genetic conditions Other gene mutation Factors Risk The stage If you have reached menopause The hormone receptor status of the cancer The HER2 status of the cancer The risk that the cancer will come back, or recur (for early stage breast cancers) your overall health For treatment options the healthcare team will consider: Treatments Surgery Radiation Therapy Hormonal Therapy Chemotherapy Targeted therapy Options: Treatments The Basics of Breast Cancer Overview I hope you enjoyed the presentation! The quiz was designed to check what you got out of the presentation: https://www.surveymonkey.com/r/VJHC6HB Thank you! Quiz
Transcript: Evaluations are widely described as recommended to be brought under consideration because they could either; A. Help diagnose the type of cancer the person(s) have. B. Help refer to treatments or figure out if the cancer even exsists. Breast Cancer Developed from cells in the breast. Most common sign is a new lump or mass, skin irroting, dimpling, nipple pain or redness or scaliness. Can be diagnosed through treatments and symptoms. Evaluations Shylinn A & Jasmine S Development Founded By: Edwin Smith In year: 1862 Breast Cancer Diagnosed
Transcript: While many people think that if the cancer hasn't spread and the tumor is removed, the patient is safe. But this is not the case. It turns out that everyone has cancerous cells "floating" around in their bodies but are only "activated" if the conditions and environment are good for the tumor to grow. For decades, conventional breast radiotherapy such as chemotherapy, was used to try and get rid of breast cancer. While this may usually work, it can damage other organs and parts of the body. Now, doctors are starting to use proton therapy. This targets the cancer without harmful side effects. Patients can also take drugs and have surgery to get rid of the tumor (even though they will probably need radiation later). Recent studies show that cancer is attracted to sugar. If you have diabetes, you may have a higher risk of getting cancer. Also, bad health, diet, and lifestyle may contribute to cancer as well. Breast Cancer is a type of cancer that originates from the breast tissue. While this specific type of cancer occurs mostly in women, it occasionally occurs in men. Perhaps the most recognized symptom of breast cancer is a lump or mass in the breast tissue. About 1 in 8 women are expected to get breast cancer at one point. It is also the most common cancer in women. Conclusion This diagram shows cancer cells bunching together to form a tumor. The uncontrolled cells divide and more appear. Then, they bunch together as before. Cancer is a group of diseases involving unregulated cell growth. In cancer, cells divide uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors. This cancer may spread through the body by having cancerous cells go through the bloodstream. Cancer is considered a genetic disease because certain genes may contribute to cancer cell production. Cancer is actually most common in people with no cancer history. By: David Harris Causes Tumors Treatment Options I decided to do breast cancer because someone very close to me has breast cancer and wanted to educate you all about the causes and treatments of this specific type. She has recently started chemotherapy and we have been sending her many drugs and medications. Also, other people I know have had breast cancer (such as my old neighbor and step grandmother) and it has played a big part in my life. Cancer: Breast Cancer What is cancer? Breast Cancer
Transcript: In 1991, 119 women in the U.S. died of breast cancer every day. Today, that figure is 110 — a victory no one is bragging about. Breast cancer remains the leading cancer killer among women ages 20 to 59; more than 1.4 million new cases are diagnosed annually worldwide. Roughly 5 percent, or 70,000, breast cancer patients are diagnosed at a late stage, after the cancer has metastasized October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month, which is an annual campaign to increase awareness of the disease. While most people are aware of breast cancer, many forget to take the steps to have a plan to detect the disease in its early stages and encourage others to do the same. Even though breast cancer awareness month is recognized in the month of October, donations are accepted year around at https://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/breast-cancer-donations $100 is enough to provide a woman with a mammogram The Founder Of Pink Ribbon Refrences https://www.nationalbreastcancer.org/ http://www.marieclaire.com/politics/news/a6506/breast-cancer-business-scams/ http://www.emaxhealth.com/1275/98/33967/brief-history-breast-cancer-awareness-month.html The Mission Breast Cancer Ribbon The pink ribbon is an international symbol of breast cancer awareness. Pink ribbons, and the color pink in general, identify the wearer or promoter with the breast cancer brand and express moral support for women with breast cancer. Breast Cancer Awareness Month was created in 1985 as a collaborative effort between the American Academy of Family Physicians and AstraZeneca Healthcare Foundation and CancerCare, Inc., and various sponsors. Today it has grown to include a partnership of national public service organizations, government agencies, and professional medical associations that work together to raise awareness of breast cancer. About 40,290 women in the U.S. are expected to die in 2016 from breast cancer, though death rates have been decreasing since 1989. Women under 50 have experienced larger decreases. These decreases are thought to be the result of treatment advances, earlier detection through screening, and increased awareness. The National Breast Cancer Foundation's mission is to provide help and inspire hope to those affected by breast cancer through early detection, education, and support services. Funds For Awareness In 1991, she founded National Breast Cancer Foundation, with the help of her husband and family. During Breast Cancer Awareness Month in October and throughout the year—people wear pink ribbons to honor survivors, remember those lost to the disease, and to support the progress we are making together to defeat breast cancer. About 1 in 8 U.S. women (about 12%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime. Janelle Hail Some $6 billion a year is committed to breast cancer research and awareness campaigns. The Pink Ribbon Was dianosed with breast cancer in 1980
Transcript: What is Breast Cancer? Regarding the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes: women with the defective gene have an 80% higher chance of developing breast cancer. Another "breast cancer gene" is HER2. HER2 helps cells to grow, divide and repair themselves. When this gene occurs too many times in cells, they grow too big and fast. Researchers say that women with HER2- positive breast cancer have a more aggressive disease, and a higher possibility of the cancer coming back after treatment. Although researchers have not found the exact cause of breast cancer, they say that there are a few genes linked to a higher risk of breast cancer: Breast Cancer is a disease that causes a malignant tumor to form in the breast tissue. A malignant tumor can be defined as a group of cancerous cells that can invade surrounding tissues or spread to another part of the body. It mainly occurs in women, but can infrequently be found in men. Genetics & Breast Cancer Cowdens Syndrome Peutz-Jehgers Syndrome Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) Genetics & Breast Cancer (Cont'd) Your genes are inherited from your parents. Well, there are defective genes which can be inherited as well The genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are tumor suppressor genes. They slow cell division. An offspring may inherit a mutated form of this gene from their parents. Causing the tumor suppressors to stop working, making the probability for developing cancer higher. Breast Cancer By: Mariel Rotbart Genetics & Breast Cancer (Cont'd)
Transcript: Breast Cancer It is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. Swelling in the armpit. A marble-like area under the skin Pain, or tenderness in the breast. A change in shape or size of the breast. Surgery is usually the first line of attack against breast cancer. Radiation therapy is a highly effective way to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy treatment uses medicine to weaken and destroy cancer cells. Hormone therapy, for breast cancer is effective in women who are past menopause. You may reduce your risk for breast cancer through: Regular exercise. 30 minutes of exercise 5 days a week can cut cancer risk by 20%. Low fat, high fiber diet Not smoking Moderate, if any, consumption of alcohol Risk Factors Age: Women are at higher risk for breast cancer after age 40. Family history of breast cancer Having a baby after age 30 Getting your first period before age 12 Starting menopause after age 50 Heavy alcohol consumption Obesity and high-fat diets Men can also get breast cancer but it is very rare. Only about 10 men in a million will develop breast cancer. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. The United States has the most cases of breast cancer in the world. Regular exercise Low fat, high fiber diet Not smoking Moderate, if any, consumption of alcohol Symptoms Treatment Facts
Transcript: Pink Ribbon Breast Cancer Foundation The Issue of National Breast Cancer Foundation is to find a cure and preventionfor older and younger women who may be diagnosedwith breast cancer The Pink ribbion Foundation is about funding research for the prevention and cure of women with breast cancer and raising awarness to young/teenage girls. The pink ribbon foudation helps women to find a cure and prevention to breast cancer, the foundation raises money by having community breakfasts, Sales and items for purchase. They also have races, Mothers day gifts, Festivals, Activities and Triathlons which also helps raise money for the campaign. how has Pink Ribbon helped in the past? Pink Ribbon has Helped many people and many people have supported the Pink Ribbon in doing so. Kylie minogue has batteled Breast Cancer and got through it. At an early age of 36, it was definetly unconvincable to think that Australia's most famous singer was diagnosed with a life threatning issue. Kylie underwent six months of chemotherapy and withdrew out of the therapy to go back to her own little world still knowing she had the desiease.Her dignity and strength made her a source of inspiration to all breast cancer sufferers over the world. HISTORY OF PINK RIBBON The first step into the pink ribbon foundation for breast awarness was found at the Komen Foundation's Race for the Cure,On the 16th of june 1990. At the race held in Washington DC, the Komen foundation handed out pink visors randomly to the 8,529 walkers. A year later in 1991, Komen distributed pink ribbons to participants in the New York city Race for Cure. From this is year, the pink ribbon became the symbol for breast cancer awarness.
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