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Bollywood Presentation

Transcript: The transition Bollywood music has made has seen a move away from traditional styles to directors now employing a more western style. Introduction How integral music is to Bollywood? Songs fulfill several important functions, including advancing the narrative, by setting the scene for future action or enacting crucial turning-points in the narrative. How integral music is to Bollywood? Bollywood and Music How integral music is to Bollywood? Music has become an essential component, having some feature in Bollywood films. They also allow things to be said which cannot be said elsewhere. Highly charged emotional scenes between the hero and heroine make use of various devices to create and relieve sexual tension, including provocative body language in the dance sequences, the famous ‘wet-sari’ motifs Karan Johar – Everyone in the West asks why every Indian film is a musical – it’s simply because music is a great part of our culture. In our day-to-day living, we wake up to music, we sleep to music. We live for music. So therefore it has to be in our films. The effects of Bollywood music on society in India and the Global Influences India’s film industry is now over one hundred years old, and produces the largest number of films in the world, estimated to be in the region of 850 to 1,000 films peryear. These films play ‘in more than 13,000 predominately urban cinemas, viewed byan average of eleven million people each day and [are] exported to about a hundred countries world wide How integral music is to Bollywood? Bollywood and Music Famous playback singers Javed Akhtar – These days an Indian film has five or six songs, whether it is a war movie, a romantic film, a family drama or whatever the genre may be. The menu is fixed. You will find the most beautiful songs in the 1950s and the 1960s. Bollywood and Music The main tracks from the film and can influence their decision on whether to see the film or not. The reception of the music can often reflect the potential success of the film at the box office. The transition Bollywood music has made has seen a move away from traditional styles to directors now employing a more western style. Famous Quotes Famous Quotes The effects of Bollywood music on society in India and the Global Influences Umang Gandecha & Melissa Wong The influence of Bollywood music has filtered throughout society. It has even had a influence on games played in north India. For example a famous singing game called Antakshari which is a popular game played amongst families.

BollyWood Presentation

Transcript: Interesting Facts By: Jeffrey Lin History Continued Bollywood History Movie Style Awards Ceremonies Oversea Influences for Bollywood Formally known as Hindi cinema Bollywood is the name given to the Mumbai-based film Indian film industry Bollywood is considered to have the most number of films produced in the world Video Influence of Bollywood The late 1940's and 60's were regarded as the "Golden Age" of Indian cinema During the Golden Age some of the most critically acclaimed Indian Films were produced In the 2000's, Bollywood's popularity dramatically increased, and that led to an advancement in the film's quality, like special effects Western musicals like "Hairspray" and "Chicago. The British movie "Slum dog Millionaire". Popular Music which had Bollywood filmi. In 1913, the first Indian silent film was made, and Bollywood was born By the 1930's, Bollywood was producing more than 200 films per year In 1931, the first Indian sound film, "Raja Harishchandra", was made, and then Bollywood and all regional film industries switched over to sound. Basic Information Hollywood, when it had musicals in the 1920's and 50's. The Ancient Sanskrit drama, which had vibrant singing and dancing. The ancient Indian epics Mahabharata and Ramayana. Western musical television Awards Ceremonies in India Filmfare Awards ceremony is one of the most known film events given for Hindi films. The word Bollywood was created from the name of the city Bombay(now called Mumbai), and also America's Hollywood. Thanks For Watching! Bollywood Movie Awards, held in Long Island, New York. Global Indian Film Awards, held in a different country. each year International Indian Film Academy Awards(IIFA), held in a different country each year. Zee Cine Awards, held in a different country each year. Bibliography Screen Awards. Stardust Awards. The Global Indian Film and Television Honours. Most Bollywood films are in the language Hindi Most of the movies are long and have energetic singing and dancing These films often talk about love and are Romeo and Juliet style story. Bollywood films are now including more non-Indian actors in their movies. Some Bollywood writers and musicians have resorted to plagiarism due to short production time and budgets. Bollywood produces about 5 times more films than Hollywood. No Indian film has won an Oscar yet.

Bollywood Presentation

Transcript: Exists in music, visual art, dance etc Fundamental attributes combine harmoniously Perception Foreground and background Emotions Pressure from audio companies and producers Increase of economy in Bombay film industry Sale of music rights Film publicity on television Music sales indicate interest in the film 6) Loudness Psychological and how much energy an instrument creates The Bombay Hindi Film Song: A Historical Survey •Formula films and playback songs became trademark of Indian commercial films •Rise to individual film stars and beginning of the Indian black market’s financial investment in film industry •Production costs had escalated for stage-set films What is Music? 1) Meter Created by our brains Tones are grouped with one another across time 2) Key Hierarchy of importance that exists between tones in a musical piece Pluralism The Bombay Hindi Film Song: A Historical Survey Fin! Indian cinema allows us to study India from a different and distinct angle of vision It also brings us into the thought-worlds and performance-worlds of other traditional arts too It has evolved into a distinctively Indian mode of entertainment by imaginatively bringing music and dance together What is Music? 2) Rhythm Durations of a series of notes & the way they group together “Alphabet song” The Significance of Film Music 1940s Cinema and Society in India Relationship 1930s India is the second most populous country in the world India is the largest film-producing country in the world, and the movies are seen all over the world Through film we also gain more insight into the complex processes of modernization, nationalism, and freedom for women. The Significance of Film Music 3) Melody Main theme of a musical piece Part that everyone sings along to 4) Harmony Relationships between the pitches of different tones Musical Terms Advanced Musical Terms The Beginnings •Film phonographs and playback machines were beginning to be manufactured in India •Radio Ceylon •1955, Indian films were being purchased on the international film market •Market of Hindi films were growing along with westernization •“Hybrid Music” What is Music? Indian Censor Board – issued strict regulations, such as physical contact, in an effort to reform the film industry Magnetic recording machines, sound tapes, arriflex cameras were introduced What is Music? Long films!!! (2 1/2 – 3 hrs.) Song sequences (at least 40 min.) Style of songs is determined by the genre of a film Cinema and Society in India The Bombay Hindi Film Song: A Historical Survey Cinema and Society in India The Beginnings What is Music The Significance of Film Music The Bombay Hindi Film Song: A Historical Survey The Beginnings The Beginnings 3 forms of films o Art o Middle cinema o Commercial Music = audience Story sitting Rain! Zoobie Doobie (3 Idiots) Advanced Musical Terms Group #1 Readings What is Music? Film songs were short and sung by actors that were also the singers Light classical songs – classical instruments, melodic materials, song forms, and development of a characteristic singing style Technology – microphones were stationary, songs were pre-recorded and actors would lip-sync the lyrics Madan The Significance of Film Music Picturization “Running around the trees” Kuch Na Kaho (Kuch Na Kaho) The Significance of Film Music India is the largest film-producing country in the world The movies are seen all over the world It opens a useful window onto a culture and its study What is Music? Traditions Bearing on Indian Films 7) Reverberation Perception of how distant the source is from us 1940s Raj Kapoor In the early 1900s J.F Madan began to exercise great influence both inside and outside India in film Indian audiences were being exposed to more and more western films This resulted in R.G Torney’s Pundalik which was shown in 1912 It was based on the legend associated with a well known Maharashtran saint and it was hugely popular 5) Timbre Distinguishes when two instruments are playing the same written note The Beginnings Readings Covered Plural society Majority of its people are Hindus (82%) Hindus religious life is centered on the family and caste Hindu means “a person who regards the land from the Indus to the Seas as his fatherland as well as his Holyland” Minorities – Parsis, Jews and Christians Muslims Principal adversary Secularism 1) Pitch Psychological Actual frequency and relative position in the musical scale “Mary Had A Little Lamb” & “Are You Sleeping” The first India film show was held on July 7 1896, after the Lumière brothers introduced cinematography in Paris in 1895 The first Indian to make a film was Harischandra S. Bhatvadekhar, aka Save Dada His first film was called The Wrestlers, and it was produced in 1899 3) Tempo Overall speed or pace of the piece Cinema and Society in India Directed by Mani Ratnam was the most popular in the period 1992 – 1993 Text about nationalism, the power of the state and the future of secularism (Niranjana, 1994) Musical Terms 4)

Bollywood presentation

Transcript: Famous Singer In 1913 was when the first silent film was produced. The film was called “Raja Harishchandra”. The movie “Ra One” was the most expensive movie ever made in Bollywood . It cost 24 million dollars to make. In my opinion, I think Bollywood songs and movies were a big hit. My favorite part about Bollywood films is not just the songs and dances, it is also the beautiful costumes. The longest song ever put into a Bollywood movie is called ‘Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan Saathiyon’ it is 20 minutes long. India makes a lot of movies, but they only have 13,000 movie theaters. The United States has over 40,000 movie theaters. Indians buy over 2.7 billion movie tickets every year, which is more than any other country in the world. History on Movies A famous playback singer is Tusil Kumar. She sang in many voices in movies. One song she sang in a movie was ‘Janabe Jani Ya’. She also got an award for best female playback singer. Bollywood Magic The most interesting fact is that Bollywood movies used playback. This meant that directors did not have to worry if actors were bad singers. They also didn’t need to worry if singers were bad actors. This made the songs important parts of the movie. Most of the popular songs in India are songs that come from movies. Ra One Trailer and a part of the movie Raja Harishchandra”. Here is a famous song that Latan sang. Example of Famous Bollywood Song By Neli Elhadad The word Bollywood is a term used for the Hindi-language film industry. The word Bollywood means the indian movie industry, based in Mumbai (Bombay). Did you know that Bollywood was created 11 years before Hollywood. Also the word Bollywood is a mixture of Bombay and Hollywood. Why I Love Bollywood Movies Movie and Song Info Composers A famous Playback Singer Important Info Latan Mangeshkar was one of the most famous voices in Bollywood history. She gave her voice to hundreds of actresses for over 30 years. BOLLYWOOD Anil Biswas was a famous composer. The first major movie he did was called Jagirdar. Anil was also a playback singer.

Bollywood Presentation

Transcript: Three main era’s of Bollywood Studio Era (1935-1950) Considered as the establishment of playback singing in the Hindi film industry Old Bollywood (1950-1988) The era primarily dominated by freelance music directors and being influenced by the West with introducing the large orchestra system and new genres New Bollywood (1998-Present) The globalization era of Bollywood that gave music directors the technological equipment comparable to their Western counterparts and opportunity to expand their work to NRI's living abroad Technological Advancements before Studio Era Musicians became increasingly aware of the demand for their music and began adopting a more freelance approach rather than service work Freelancers traded the security of a salary for more money that could be made by working much harder Everyone adopted this freelance mantra by the late 1950s (the text describes it as everyone from a violinist in an orchestra to Lata Mangeshkar) Different Eras of Bollywood Relevance of Bollywood to India Hum Aapke Hain Kaun -“Filmigit” is a term which refers to the music or songs of popular South Asian movies . Almost all music in the Indian subcontinent are filmigit and incorporate music styles from around the world, giving it a transnational structure and feeling. This is why Bollywood music not only contributes to Indian modernity but also to the global culture. Studio Era With the rise of technology, the industry was changing rapidly. It took the industry and those involved some time to react to the implications of that change. The size of orchestras was seen as a sign of prestige, and the old studios that were relatively large were finally perceived as unnecessary expenses. The stronger and more immediate impact of the globally dominant Hollywood culture may also have contributed to these changes - Film studios in Kolkata may have had an early lead in the production and distribution of films (as Madan Theatres did) or in the technology of playback (New Theatres), but Kolkata’s studios and films were outnumbered by Mumbai’s increasing dominance of Hindi film production and its high output of films in general. - Hindi films and their music, explicitly hybrid forms, were viewed quite negatively by early Indian governments, who taxes both producers and consumers excessively. - During and after ww2, Mumbai was awash in money earned illegally by profiteers who had benefited from the wartime show time. This was not legal money that could be officially declared or openly invested- except in film where no concrete proof of the amount invested its required” - The emerging “star system” contributed to the decline of the producing studios. In the 30’s and 40’s salaried employment was the norm. Actors, composer, and most of them went to work every day “whether there was work or no work, land prices, high taxes, increasing star fees, and the presence of illegal money may well have been the primary causes of collapse of the producing studios. Popular Indian music entered the modern era during the early years of the twentieth century with the arrival of gramophone technology. Some of the motivations behind the early recordings would include spreading awareness, on the part of colonial entrepreneurs, that the market for Indian recorded music was predicted to be highly profitable. John Watson Hawd, whom was the agent for the Gramophone and Typewriter Company’s agent in Calcutta, often wrote to his superiors in London on the advantages that would be present if they were to enter the recording business in India. Contemporary Indian music consists of three genres which are: Bollywood, Classical and Folk. Classical music can be traced back to Amir Khusrau who supposedly invented the sitar and to an earlier era of temple singing. Classical music has been institutionalized through “gharana’s” which refers to a family of musicians or a school of music. Gharana’s were supported by the rulers of princely states and lead to classical music becoming a part of a higher culture Folk music may be too connected to its origins and may not properly function as a form of popular art Examples of this include folk songs that are sung by only a certain gender or a by people belonging to a certain caste. EXAMPLE: Disco Dancer (1981), violins were a bit down and used mostly for effects. but lots of instruments were still there. Members of our Group Decline of Studio Era Contemporary Indian Music Raj Johal Sameer Pannu Navdeep Chahal Malika Grewal Jaskaran Grewal Haysham Zia Daniyal Irfan Sarah A Bappi Lahiri is a respected music director in India and is credited for popularizing synthesized disco music into filmigit. Synthesized disco music brought together the sounds of the east and west as well as fused popular music with classical music. Unfortunately, it is known that Bappi Lahiri has plagiarized many of songs, for example: Bappi Lahiri has not denied the fact that he has stolensongs, but claims that he is not alone for it has become a trend.

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