Transcript: By: Dan, Shane, and Russ 1) Robots created for adult purposes should not be permitted to work with children 2) Robots should remain identifiable at all times 3) Robots should not leave the country without a permit 4) A robot should not deceive a human being 5) Robots should always be traceable 6) The impact of robots on unemployment 7) A robot should have the capacity to kill 8) A robot should never be deliberately damaged or destroyed 9) Robots should be allowed to marry 10) Robots should be able to own property "The cultural climate of the 1970s was one that reflected a growing disillusionment with government while significant technological advances reshaped domestic entertainment and revitalized scientific exploration, yet also threatened national security and redefined the very sense of self." -Eric Freedman Key Points Modern Day Bionics:Myth vs. Reality Ethiccal Issues Conclusion Monster or Machine? In Search Of Bigfoot: The Use and Obsolescence of Bionics What statements are there to be made about our times, and what statements are still unspoken? Napier asserts the value of proximity, which begs the question: How close should we be to our subject? At what point does it go out of focus again? What happens to reality as it gets embedded in a fantastic enterprise without play or irony? Summary Ethical Issues
Transcript: Overall, Bionics have helped improve the lives of many patients. This is a bionic body part About 10% of Americans have artificial devices attached to their bodies or implanted inside them. Examples include Artificial Legs, Artificial Hearts, Pacemakers, and Glucometers. Bionics Bionics have helped replaced missing parts of someone or something's body for a long time. Their main purpose is to either replace or help a body part. Bionics: the study of mechanical systems that function like living organisms or parts of living organisms. That's about 31.89 million Americans The earliest examples have been dated back to the Egyptian times.
Transcript: 5. What need in your community does this biotechnology address? People that need an organ can get a bionic one, or if they need a limb. 6. How does this biotechnology currently affecting your community? Some people have prosthetic arms and legs to help them though everyday life. 7. How can this biotechnology affect the future of your community? People who have lost their legs will be able to walk again. 1. What is the purpose of the technique? The purpose of bionics is to help people do things that they couldn’t to before. 2. How does the biotechnology technique work? This technique works by adding a prosthetic limb to someone so that they could do more things independently. 3. What organisms are affected by the biotechnology technique? Humans will be the most affected by this biotech some animals such as dogs will also be affected by bionics. 4. How does this biotechnology technique have the potential to enhance human life. This can affect human life by helping out handicap people, so that they can then do things that they couldn’t do before. http://science.howstuffworks.com/bionic-arm.htm Bionics work by serving as a body part, such as a limb. The motor cortex in the brain is still sending out signals even if certain voluntary muscles are no longer available for control and, when doctors amputate a limb, they don't remove all of the nerves that once carried signals to that limb. So if somebody’s arm is gone, there are working nerve stubs that end in the shoulder and simply have nowhere to send their information. If those nerve endings can be redirected to a working muscle group, then when somebody thinks, "grab handle with hand," and the brain sends out the corresponding signals to the nerves that should communicate with the hand, those signals end up at the functioning muscle group instead of at the dead end of the shoulder. I chose bionics because it can help out society in very good ways, such as helping out the handicap. Bionics are used to help people do things that they couldn’t do before like people that lost a leg or hand/arm. With this biotech handicap people will be not be left out anymore and would be able to do things that they couldn’t do before. Bionics work by serving as a body part, such as a limb. The motor cortex in the brain is still sending out signals even if certain voluntary muscles are no longer available for control and, when doctors amputate a limb, they don't remove all of the nerves that once carried signals to that limb. So if somebody’s arm is gone, there are working nerve stubs that end in the shoulder and simply have nowhere to send their information. If those nerve endings can be redirected to a working muscle group, then when somebody thinks, "grab handle with hand," and the brain sends out the corresponding signals to the nerves that should communicate with the hand, those signals end up at the functioning muscle group instead of at the dead end of the shoulder. Bionics http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2010/01/bionics/fischman-text/1
Transcript: I N T R O D U C T I O N D E V E L O P M E N T C O N C L U S I O N S http://www.npr.org/2011/08/10/137552538/the-double-amputee-who-designs-better-limbs A little story... B I O N I C S Bi-on-ics. Etymology: from bi (as in “life”) + onics (as in “electronics”); the study of mechanical systems that function like living organisms or parts of living organisms. "Bionics is technology at its most ingenious and human point" B I O N I C S Human Arm "Nowadays we know how important is the fact that the human being needs to keep moving forward in technology and tries new things, we always create, we always innovate, we're always going to find a way to live as better as we can." Bones (Humerus) Muscles Innervation Blood supply Veins Structure Of The Arm A p p l i c a t i o n . . . Proto 1 7 Movements 22+ Movements From the shoulder to the a finger's last join, an arm has at least 22 points of movement. Nerves carry the brain´s instructions from the spinal cord to the muscles. The Bionic Leg For a great inspiring story, click the link, and learn about Hugh Herr. Warrior's focus a roadside bomb in Iraq took his legs in 2007. Now Lt. Col. Greg Gadson tests powered limbs to meant to restore mobility to the growing ranks of injured troops. Moving Forward... Traditional Prosthesis 3 Movements Closing in on a lifelike limb Modular Prosthetic Limb Nerves that once reached the lower arm are rerouted into other muscles. The electrodes placed on those muscles capture the brain's commands and relay them by wires in the prosthesis. New Vision The Bionic Hand Advantages Four years ago, a car accident took away Amanda Kitts' arm and her capacity of doing things that most of us take for granted, things like making a sandwich. "I felt lost", it´s what this teacher from Knoxville, Tennessee said to the writer Josh Fischman in one of the National Geographic magazine's article. Science fiction comes true Still the only device available to must amputees, the pincer hand prosthesis relies on cables moved by pressing levers on a harness with the chin or other arm. Eyelids stretched wide under anesthesia, Jo Ann Lewis, 79, received new hardware in and around her eyeball, which works with a computer to transmit imagery to her brain. Electronics circumvent damaged light-receptor cells and give the blind Texan back a vestige of vision-shimmering lines, vague shapes, washes of color. Obviously we're on the ground floor of this technology. Each dot on an array tacked to a patient's retina, is an electrode that sends visual stimuli to the optic nerve, visible as a white circle at far right. Built by the U.S. company Second Sight, the 0.8 centimeters wide array has 60 electrodes. An older mode had just 16. As with digital camera pixels, more electrodes capture more detail. The company is now developing implants with hundreds, even thousands, of electrodes. Disadvantages The Bionic Arm
Transcript: However, one of the trial’s limitations was its small size. In addition to this, it only examined the effects of the overnight closed-loop system compared with the standard pump over four periods of four weeks each. Longer-term studies examining the safety and effectiveness of this system in larger numbers of people with type 1 diabetes are now needed. pancreas Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination, they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry. The body does not produce enough insulin for proper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulin resistance).Diabetes is prevented by taking insulin injections. DONE BY :- DIABETES The study was carried out by researchers from the Universities of Cambridge, Sheffield and Southampton, and King’s College London. It was funded by Diabetes UK. The study was published in the peer-reviewed medical journal The Lancet. While the Mail Online’s reporting of the study is broadly accurate, its headline: “Artificial pancreas could help stem the diabetes epidemic: Device could help patients lead normal lives by stopping need for constant insulin” is potentially misleading on multiple levels. Firstly, “artificial pancreas” could be misinterpreted to mean that this is an artificial organ that is surgically transplanted into the person and can produce insulin to take the place of their own pancreas. In reality, the “closed-loop” insulin delivery system is designed to be worn outside of the body. Secondly, the “diabetes epidemic” is usually taken to mean type 2 diabetes, which is associated with lifestyle factors such as being obese and lack of exercise. It is true that some people with type 2 diabetes can go on to need insulin; however, this particular study looked at people with type 1 diabetes. The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates. In humans it is located in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach. It is an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, somatostatin , and pancreatic polypeptide which circulate in the blood IMAGES TO UNDERSTAND BIONIC PANCREAS WHAT IS BIONIC PANCREAS HISTORY BIONIC PANCREAS Conclusion Symptoms of diabetes It can be challenging trying to keep insulin delivery at the right level in order to control blood sugar levels within the normal range, while avoiding blood sugar becoming too low (hypoglycemia), particularly overnight. The device improved blood sugar control overnight – importantly, it was not associated with hypoglycemic episodes. BIONIC PANCREAS Diabetes, often referred as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body's cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. STEPS OF BIONIC PANCREAS People with type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin, as their body does not produce any. Insulin is a hormone that plays a key role in regulating the body’s blood sugar levels. In a new study, the safety and effectiveness of a “closed-loop” insulin delivery system has been assessed. Compared to a standard insulin pump, where the insulin delivery is programmed, the closed-loop system continuously measures sugar levels and automatically makes fine adjustments to insulin delivery in response. In effect, it acts like an artificial pancreas. Introduction Because of this difficulty, a device to help simplify the treatment of type 1 diabetes would be welcomed. The device in question, the closed loop insulin delivery system, automatically makes fine adjustments to insulin delivery in response to the glucose level being continuously measured. Pancreas It can be a challenge for people with type 1 diabetes to keep insulin delivery at the right level, which is necessary to keep blood sugar levels within the normal range. Avoiding periods of hypoglycemia can be a challenge, particularly overnight. A further challenge is that the symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop during childhood. This means that children, especially teenagers, can often find the need to stick to a particular treatment “regime” and regularly monitor their blood sugar quite restrictive. However, without such treatment recommendations, they can be at risk of complications, such as hypoglycaemia. Bionics (also known as bionical creativity engineering) is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology. STRUCTURE OF PANCREAS
Transcript: Bionics Jose Santos Professor Barbe Public Speaking. Real stories. Negatives & positives. significance in society Bionics. conclusion. The future beteween humankind and machine. What? $ cost. Who can get it.
Transcript: What organisms are affected by the biotechnology technique? The need this biotechnology addresses in my community is anyone who is missing a limb or an organ (e.g. an eye) can replace it with bionics. What is the purpose of the technique? The purpose of bionics is to replace missing limbs or organs. They are used to relplace legs, arms, and eyes. How does the biotechnology work? This biotechnology is currently affecting my community by allowing people to continue their lives however they would like without any obstacles from not having a certain limb or organ. Evelyn Castillo Biology Period 1 May 5, 2014 Modern prosthetic limbs have newer materials, such as carbon-fiber composites and advanced plastics. The materials make the prosthetic limbs lighter and stronger. Today’s advanced prosthetics are made more controllable because of technology, making adaption automatic on certain tasks (gripping or walking). "Thanks to incredible technological advancements to prosthetics, Oscar Pistorius was able to qualify for the Olympics," How is this biotechnology currently affecting your community? Bionics How does this biotechnology have the potential to enhance human life? http://science.howstuffworks.com/prosthetic-limb2.htm http://science.howstuffworks.com/prosthetic-limb4.htm http://www.thescore.ie/oscar-pistorius-blades-science-577726-Aug2012/ This biotechnology has the potential to enhance human life by allowing anyone who is missing a limb to live their life normally without any complications. They will be able to continue doing activities they enjoy. What need in your community does this biotechnology address? Sources Humans and animals are the main organisms that are affected by bionics. Although, it is more common for humans to have bionics than it is for animals.
Transcript: By:Summer Schlamp and Rochelle Read Monday Dec.17 Why is it important Bionic Arm -Thompson L (Nov 9 2012) retrieved (Dec.15 2012) http://www.theregister.co.uk/2012/11/09/video/ -(April 3 2012) retrieved (Dec.16 2012 http://www.hlntv.com/article/2012/01/13/first-us-civilian-get-bionic-arm -Wetzel F (Nov.6 2012) retrieved (Dec.14 2012) http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/article4628786.ece -Hodgekiss A (Nov.5 2012) retrieved (Dec.14 2012) http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2228107/The-bionic-arm-thats-sophisticated-touch-type.html -the first working bionic arm was designed by 5 biomedical engineers in 1993 in Edinburgh,Scotland (www.wikki.answers.com) -the first person to receive a fully bionic arm was in 2001 www.healthguideinfo.com -the first myoelectric hand was available in 1964 (http://www.allonrobots.com/bionic-arm.html) pictures Where is this research headed? 3:15 min. references Bionics History of Bionic Arm It is important because it gives a person more mobility and more control than a prosthetic arm. They can help the patient hold a job and lead a normal life. Its a major area of research because its so vast and there is always room for improvement. Also because the arms are so complex a huge amount of research needs to go into planning them and making sure they function well. The research has improved dramatically over the last 5-10 years but we still have areas to improve in. For example we could make the myoelectric arm more sensitive so a wider range of people could use it. http://www.theregister.co.uk/2012/11/09/video/ http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/article4628786.ece Pros and cons Cons -slow reflexes -expensive ($3238.06) -requires maintenance such as battery charging and replacement -not waterproof -you have to produce strong enough EMG for the arm pick up Pros: -the arm is moveable -can control with myoelectric pulses -light -sensitive enough to hold an egg -has a grip strength of 140N (30 lb) -has 14 programmed grips The study of mechanical systems that function like living organisms or parts of living organisms
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