Transcript: BEER HISTORY HISTORY OF BEER 10,000 BCE 10,000 BCE There are some theories that beer brewing happened at Godin Tepe settlement (now in modern-day Iran) as early as 10,000 BCE when agriculture first developed in the region - People from Euphrates and Tigris call it “the divine drink” from its intoxicating effect 4,000 BCE (Period of Sumerians) 4,000 BCE - First solid proof of beer production - During an archeological excavation in Mesopotamia, a tablet was discovered that showed villagers drinking a beverage from a bowl with straws - Ode to Ninkasi (patron goddess of brewing) – the poem the Archeologists found contained the oldest known recipe for making beer using barley from bread 3,000 BCE (Mesopotamia – Babylon) 3,000 BCE - Babylonians produced over 20 different types of beer - Was considered divine a true gift from the gods; also a sign of wealth - The Code of Hammurabi, the ancient Babylonian set of laws, decreed a daily beer ration to citizens - The drink was so respected that people were sometimes paid for work in beer, instead of money - The beer was porridge-like thick and hard to drink as there was no way to filter beer then, hence Babylonians use straws to drink it 1,500 BCE (Egyptians) 1,500 BCE - Tenenit – Egyptian goddess of beer - from the word “tenemu” which means beer in the Egyptian language - they constantly worked on the taste step-by-step to lessen the bitterness and make it taste better - Heget (or Hecht) – most popular beer in Egypt; honey-flavored beer and ther general word for beer was “zytum” - Beer was often used throughout Egypt as compensation for labor. The workers at the Giza plateau received beer rations three times a day and workers on the Nile were often paid for their work in beer. - Archeologists have even found beer buried in the tombs of the Pharaohs, so they could enjoy the taste of this delicious beverage in the afterlife Europe Europe - Beer arrived in Europe around 5000 BC. Across Northern Europe you find what could be called the “Beer Belt” which stretches from Ireland in the west, through the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, Northern France, Germany and Czechoslovakia into Eastern Europe and Russia. - “Zythos” – Greek word of Beer from Egyptian word “zytum”, was not a huge hit right away in Greece - Wine was so popular that it was considered as gift from gods, thus they considered beer a barbaric drink and only fit for lower classes to imbibe - Romans brewed “cerevisia” (beer) quite early, evidence were discovered in the tomb of a beer brewer and a “Cerveserius” (merchant) in ancient Treveris (modern-day Trier) - One of the most common drinks on the outskirts empire of Rome, and the legions of Rome brought beer to Northern Europe Middle Ages Middle Ages - During this period, beer was mostly produced in monasteries all across Europe - With its high nutritional value, beer was a perfect beverage for monks during times of fasting - The production of beer helped the monasteries survive the Dark Ages, as they made enough money to live from selling their beer 1000 AD 1000 AD - People start using hops in the brewing process. This refined its taste by making it much less bitter and gave us the beer as we know it today - Usage of hops in beer production started spreading across Europe 13th Century AD - Beer was finally produced commercially in Germany, England, and Austria - The Germans were brewing “ol” or “ale” (beer) as early as 800 BCE - In a tomb in the village of Kasendorf in northern Bavaria, Kulmback; large quantities of beer jugs, still containing beer, were discovered - The German brewers soon set the standard for most beer makers in Europe. Their beer was of the highest quality, particularly because it was really cold and had a better taste. 13th Century AD Renaissance Period Renaissance Period - beer production also had its “Renaissance,” which means “rebirth” in English - In 1516 came the German Reinheitsgebot (Beer Purity Law) - According to this German law, beer could only contain water, barley, and hops - The Reinheitsgebot was the world’s first consumer protection law, as it regulated the ingredients which could legally be used in brewing beer. It also guaranteed that there was a certain level of purity in German-made beer, which gave it the perception that it was safe to drink. - Like those who preceded them, the Germans also instituted a daily beer ration and considered beer a necessary staple of their diet 1800’s 1800’s - the importance of yeast was discovered by people such as Louis Pasteur and it was added to the “approved” ingredient list - In 1810, Oktoberfest was first held in Munich. Its origins can be traced back to wedding festivities that actually featured mostly wine - Prince Regent Ludwig of Bavaria, the later King Ludwig I, and Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen were married on October 17, 1810. The entire city was invited to the city gates to celebrate and observe a huge horse race. Over two hundred years later, it’s now the
Transcript: BEER COMPANY Production Process BFD of the process Type of beer Hop Main Equipment MASH TUN Maceration Rotation FILTERS Lauter filter Press or plate and frame filter https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nx6CaKe4gcg OVEN Hop Addition CENTRIFUGE Extract the solid remains of hop PLATE HEAT EXCHANGERS FERMENTER From fermented sugar to alcohol BOTTLING MACHINE PASTEURISER Sterilization New process development Explanation of the new process Objetive: 80% germination Objetive: remove the roots Data and calculation method How many soakings do we need for the 80% of germination? What is the correct working humidity according to the grain size with which it is intended to work? During the mashing part we also have to decide the correct humidity level to work: How many weight has been lost during the drying process? And also during the maceration we have to introduce heat in the process: Formulas and calculates: How many soakings do we need for the 80% of germination? During the mashing part we also have to decide the correct humidity level to work: Example: And also during the maceration we have to introduce heat in the process: How many weight has been lost during the soaking process? Lost weight = Sprouted grain-Roasted What is the correct working humidity according to the grain size with which it is intended to work? We have to choose the option with less phenolic compounds and with more sugar as possible Results and discussion How many soakings do we need for the 80% of germination? What is the correct working humidity according to the grain size with which it is intended to work? During the mashing part we also have to decide the correct humidity level to work: How many weight has been lost during the drying process? How many heat is necessary?: It's also necessary to know the power that is needed in the process of milling: Design of a fermenter Conclusion Conclusion
Transcript: Timeline of the 1970's Overview 1970's The 1970's Era included multiple major events that shook the United States, good and bad. The Oil and Energy Crisis affected the economy with inflation and shortage of fuels and gas. 3 Mile Island released radiation into the Earth, toxifying it. The 70's decade completely changed our perspective of what we do, and how it affects the future. 1970-1974 Events 1970 - Kent State and Jackson State shootings occur 1970 - Janis Joplin dies of drug overdose 1971 - Nixon ends Gold standard monetary policy 1971 - 26th Amendment is ratified 1972 - Apollo 17 flies to moon 1972 - Anti-Ballistic Missle Treaty is signed 1973 - Paris Peace Accords ends US involvement in Vietman 1973 - Skylab is first US space station 1974 - Sweet Home Alabama is released 1974 - 1974 Super Outbreak of tornadoes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_United_States_history_(1970%E2%80%931989) Major Events 1975-1977 1975 - Helsinki Accords are signed 1975 - Fall of Saigon 1976 - Apple is founded 1976 - Bicentennial of US is celebrated 1977- NYC blackout of 1977 1977 - Star Wars debuts in theatres https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_United_States_history_(1970%E2%80%931989) Major Events 1978-1979 1978 - Senates votes Panama Canal over to Panamanian 1978 - Volkswagon becomes 2nd non-American automoblile 1979 - Iron Hostage Crisis starts 1979 - American Airlines Flight 191 crashes https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_United_States_history_(1970%E2%80%931989) Apollo 13 Apollo 13 - NASA's 3rd moon landing, but never touched the surface - At 56 hours, an oxygen tank exploded and they had to abandon the moon - The mission was originally 6 days long - Launched April 11, 1970 - "Houston, we've had a problem here" - A crew member joined 48 hours before launch - The lunar module, named Aquarius, brought the men back to Earth https://www.space.com/17250-apollo-13-facts.html#:~:text=Apollo%2013%20was%20NASA's%20third,thoughts%20of%20reaching%20the%20moon. https://stargazersclubwa.com.au/13-facts-you-may-not-know-about-apollo-13/ Crew Aquarius Pentagon Papers Pentagon Papers - Officially titled "Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Task Force" - Contained Information on the Vietnam War - Papers were photocopied by Daniuel Ellsberg - New York Times released the info in 1971 - President Lyndon Johnson left out statements about the war and lied about it - The report was not declassified until 2011 - 36 analysts worked on the Papers https://www.softschools.com/facts/vietnam_war/pentagon_papers_facts/3823/ https://kids.kiddle.co/Pentagon_Papers "Charges Are Dismissed" Article At White House Daniel Ellsberg Watergate Scandal Nixon/Watergate Scandal - The burglars used tape and Frank Willis notified the police - 5 burglars tried to break into the Democratic National Committee headquarters - Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein weren't the first reporters of the scandal - Nixon was his own downfall - "Deep Throat" was a common source for Woodward - "Watergate Salad" is still a mystery - There is an 18.5 minute gap in Nixon's recordings - "Gate" is a common phrase to put at the end of scandals - Nixpon tapes himself confessing what eventually led to his downfall - The "Smoking Gun" tapes ended the Watergate mishap More Info Facts/Photos - President Nixon announced resignation on August 8, 1974 - James Neal didn't know Nixon knew about Watergate break-in - No one knows what the burglars actually tried to break-in for - Nixon was ordered to surrender the White House tapes https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/655079/watergate-scandal-facts https://constitutioncenter.org/interactive-constitution/blog/10-fascinating-facts-about-watergate Roe vs Wade Case Roe vs Wade - 7-2 ruling announced on January 22, 1973 - Established constitutional rights to abortion - Norma McCorvey wanted an abortion, represented by Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee - Now able to govern abortion regulations based on trimesters in pregnancy - 1st trimester is banned, 2nd is for mothers health, and 3rd is to protect the life of the mother - Jane roe filed to challenge Texas abortion laws - Supreme Court decided "a right to privacy" and abortion is not absolute ://supreme.findlaw.com/supreme-court-insights/roe-v--wade-case-summary--what-you-need-to-know.html https://www.nytimes.com/2022/05/03/us/what-is-roe-v-wade.html Court Protests Ending of Vietman War Ending of Vietnam War - The last US troops left South Vietnam on March 29, 1973 - The US had a peace settlement that Vietnam didn't agree with - Before March 29, communists violated cease-fire - By 1974, war had resumed 100% - 80,000 of the Vietnam soldiers had been killed - 58,000 American soldiers died in the war - On April 30, 1975, the war officially ended https://history.state.gov/milestones/1969-1976/ending-vietnam#:~:text=On%20April%2030%2C%201975%2C%20NVA,Saigon%2C%20effectively%20ending%20the%20war. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-withdraws-from-vietnam Photos Three
Transcript: Begin here BEER MADE BY Rens&Kevin Contents Contents *1.What is beer/ how it's made *2.History of beer *3.Beer and cultured; different countries *4.Types of beer *5.Kahoot What is beer/ how it's made What is beer/ How its made? *Light alcoholic drink *Most consumed drink *Malt an yeast *Carbon dioxide Goal 2 *18+ *MiddleAges *Cleaner *4500 years B.C History of beer. Goal 3 *Netherlands *First brewers *Czech Republic *250 Liters Beer and culture/different countries Types of beer. Top 5 1.Snow global / China 2.Tsingtao / China 3.Bud light / United-States 4.Budweiser / United-States 5.Skol / Canada, Sweden and Belgium Types of beer. KAHOOT!! https://play.kahoot.it/#/k/a89c1eb3-9b22-4f5f-86bc-60cce6647d06 KAHOOT!!
Transcript: For the love of beer Crouch, Andy. Great American Craft Beer: A Guide to the Nation's Finest Beers and Breweries. Running Press. 2010. Print. Glover, Brian. The World Encyclopedia of Beer. Lorenz Books. New York, NY. 2001. Print. Leventhal, Josh. Beer Lover’s Companion. Black Dog and Leventhal Publishers Inc. Beer Advocate. “History of American Beer” Web. http://beeradvocate.com/beer/101/history_american_beer Brewer's Associarion. “History of Craft Brewing”. Web. http://www.brewersassociation.org/pages/about-us/history-of-craft-brewing The Smithsonian Magazine. “Beer Archeologist”. Published August 2011. Web. http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/The-Beer-Archaeologist.html#ixzz2WlmYDYN Growth of the craft brewing industry in 2012 was 15% by volume and 17% by retail dollars. 2012 Craft Beer Industry Production Volume Regional craft breweries 10,237,632 bbl Contract brewing companies 227,702 bbl Microbreweries 1,905,212 bbl Brewpubs 870,371 bbl Domestic Craft Beer Sales 2012 13,235,917 barrels Approximately $99 billion Selling 200,028,520 barrels of beer. The Journal of the Brewers Association, released in mid-May 1 barrel = 31 US gallons Last updated on 3/18/2013 20-Icehouse 19-Bud Ice 18- Yuengling Traditional Lager 17-Pabst Blue Ribbon 16-Bud Light Lime 15- Bud Light Platinum 14- Natural Ice 13-Keystone 12- Miller Highlife 11-Heineken 10-Michelob Ultra Light 9-Busch 8-Busch Light 7- Corona Extra 6-Natural Light 5-Miller Lite 4-Budweiser 3-Coors Light 2-Samuel Adams 1-Bud Light 1. Stouts 2. American Ales 3. India Pale Ale 4. Belgian and French Ales 5. Belgian Strong Ales Works Cited: 1. Euro Amber Lagers 2. Dark Lagers 3. Fruit Beers 4. Amber Hybrid Beers 5. Bock American Breweries Per Capita: World’s oldest known barley beer Iran’s Zagros Mountains 3400 B.C. Used as liquid nutrition for early laborers One of the few "clean" beverages during the dark ages First beer in America grown by Chesapeake Bay settlers in Virginia circa 1587 Ben Franklin, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson all brewed beer and had their own recipes How Beer is made Beer Service Beer Top 20 Best Sellers What beers do Americans like? Properly showcasing beer to enjoy all of its flavors and aromas is key, especially when enjoying with food Beer industry statistics Beer by the Numbers: Most popular type of beer: A presentation by Destiny Szwiec and Mike Brown During the American Revolution, beer was the drink of choice while tea and wine were snubbed as "Loyalist Beverages" Dutch West India Company of Lower Manhattan in 1632 is the first American brewery D.G. Yuengling & Son Brewery in Pottsville, Pennsylvania is the longest operating brewery A Brief History The Birth of American Beer Least popular type of beer:
Transcript: Marine yeasts from the St. Lawrence Estuary: a new source of original and local flavors for regional beers Julie FOULON1, Julien Dugas2, Francis Joncas3, Jean-Michel Girard2, Michel Gosselin1, Karine Lemarchand1 Context Context Oceans cover more than 70% of the earth's surface and represent an important biological source of marine microorganisms, in particular bacteria and yeasts, which are not yet fully exploited. Recently, marine yeasts have gained attention in the field of industrial bioprocessing, for example in the production of bioethanol or the commercial production of enzymes. They also have great potential for brewing industries where yeasts have an essential function in the fermentation process while providing unique organoleptic properties to the resulting beers. Each type of yeast is capable of providing its unique organoleptic characteristics; therefore, beers produced from marine yeasts are likely to be distinctly different from those obtained from conventional commercially available yeasts. Furthermore, marine yeasts have specific metabolic properties, such as increased tolerances to salinity or temperature variations that could interact with fermentation processes. Isolation and identification Isolation and identification Characterization Fermentation Introduction Brewing trials Introduction Conclusion
Transcript: barley hops water yeast Egyptian Pyramid workers were paid with beer beer is cheaper than water in 9 coutries The strongest beer in the world 5000 BC myths legends Social Different cultures Was healthier than water Very old Simple Styles Traditions/culture Styles, traditions and cultures Cenosillicaphobia: The fear of an empty beer glass Why? History Conclusion Ingredients: How it's made Bottom-fermented: Sediment. 10°C Lagers Stronger Top-fermented: Foam layer on top. 20°C Ales What you don't know about beer.... History How it's made? Styles, traditions and cultures Why? Conclusion Germany America Holland Czech England Belgium Beer Index Brewing process 1 gallon (4L) per day. Taste Good feeling Advertisement Sociability Uncertainty Forget things Healthy
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