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Backwards Presentation

Transcript: "Backwards" by Warsan Shire Structure - Free form - Two reflecting stanzas whose importance has different interpretations Structure Title Importance The second stanza being a reflection of the first might be used as a tool to strengthen the effect of the title. It's literally "Backwards" backwards! Interpretation #1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Central Desire for Speaker One of the main takeaways from the poem is that the speaker wants to turn back time. The reflecting stanzas express this point. Interpretation #2 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Speaker Speaker - The speaker is probably a teenage girl ("my breasts disappear"). She has a younger sibling. - The speaker was forced into a motherly role at a young age. The phrases that she uses like "just say the word" show the devotion and responsibility that she feels for her sibling. It is similar to a bond that a mother feels with her child. Motivation Motivation - The speaker wants to create a better reality for both her and her sibling. She sees the grief that plagues her childhood and wishes for a redo. - This is really reflective of the "first daughter" experience that is near universal. A lot of the parenting is often left to older siblings, who are forced to be both the parent and child. The speaker is learning to navigate through her childhood whilst also feeling the need to shelter her sibling from their reality. Desire Desire - In this dreamlike sequence, it's clear that the speaker desires a better childhood. In it, the speaker is reunited with her father, her stepfather isn't an alcoholic, and her mother doesn't lose her baby to violence. She wants to heal her family. - The rhetorical question "Maybe we're okay kid?" points to the positive effect that she sees as result of her family's restoration. It'll be a better reality for both her and her sibling. Themes Themes The main themes in this poem are family, love, and abuse. These themes greatly impact the motivation and desire of the speaker, holding tons of influence over the poem. Family Family This poem explores the nuance of family. While the speaker's sibling is what keeps her grounded and focused, other members of her family harm her. She is both angry and attached to them, unsure of whether or not her anger is justified. This is evidenced by her father's abandonment. Even though he made the active choice to leave her, she still loves him and wishes for his return. People are willing to make more exceptions for their family members behaviors because of the nature of their connection. Love Love Despite her circumstances, the speaker doesn't lose herself. She is able to push through the trauma because of the love that she feels for her sibling. Their connection is center to the poem. Love is the driving factor. It pushes the story forward instead of allowing the speaker to spiral in the despair that surrounds her. Abuse Abuse The speaker is surrounded by abuse. The mention of her mother's accident that resulted in a miscarriage is a clear allusion to the violence that she experiences at home. It is possible that the miscarriage was caused by the stepfather, who was revealed to be an alcoholic. There is also an allusion to sexual violence, something that the speaker might have experienced in her childhood. Abuse serves as the main problem for the speaker, something that she wishes to stop. Warsan Shire Warsan Shire - Warsan Shire was born is Kenya to Somali parents. At the age of one, her family moved to London. Later in life, Shire was named the young poet Laureate for London! - A lot of Shire's poems center around heavy topics. Her two most famous poems, "Home" and "Backwards," are representative of this. Home "Home" - Home is the story of refugees fleeing their homes. It offers a different perspective that urges people to think about the reasons that refugees flee, rather than just seeing them as a nuisance. - Shire's motivation for this poem lies in her family history. Both of her parents are Somali and a lot of her family are located there. The Somali Civil War, which has been raging on for decades, had a direct effect of her family. She states that there are plenty of terrible things that have happened to her friends and family as a result of the war. Connection to "Backwards" Connection to "Backwards" In "Backwards," a lot of the suffering that the speaker goes through is at the hands of her parental figures. If her poems are a reflection of Shire's own life, it is possible that the speaker's neglect is an indirect result of the trauma that her parents experienced. Parents often unload their trauma onto their kids, perpetuating the cycle of abuse. If the parents went through something similar to what is described in "Home," it's no wonder that their child is trying so desperately to rewrite their wrongs. Beloved Beloved The relationship between the speaker and her mother runs parallel to the relationship between Denver and Sethe. In both stories, the mothers are deeply traumatized. Their past makes them very


Transcript: Determine the kind of data that must be assembled to carry out the required analyses Criticisms & Extension Step 6: Identify the problem and see how the research results will be implemented What's your opinion about the author's ideology? What pros and cons can you identify about the author's idea of reaching research goals? What balance should the researcher and manager have in terms of collaboration during the research? (considering the manager is generally "very busy") Step 8: Step 2: Collaboration between manager and researcher is time consuming. Sometimes a new way is not wanted by the manager, they are just looking for info to fall back on. Research results must be projected into visual representations of the data in a way that makes it easy to understand (not talked about in the article) Results match intended purpose - easier said than done. Technical steps, not enough examples of the process. Steps: Step 3: Specify the analysis necessary to “fill in the blanks” in the research report. If data doesn't already exist, look at research instruments and a sampling plan that will uncover the data that is required. Step 5: 'Backward' Market Research Step 4: Summary Discussion Questions Caffeine Junkies Traditional Research Methods often lead to interesting but mostly useless information for the clients. Cause? Lack of communication between the researcher and the marketing VP. Problem expressed by the manager revolves around unknown information, once the research is done they often don't know what to do with the data. by Confused Superheroes Step 7: Do the analysis, write the report, and watch it have its intended effect Alan R. Andreasen outlined the Backward market research process in 8 steps: Conduct a scan of secondary sources to see whether or not the required data already exists. Pros In theory working backwards should allow you to determine your goal from the very beginning so that the research is guided and doesn't waste resources. It proposes a new way to reach the company's marketing research goal. Management is more likely to support and implement research results if they are closely involved in the process. Thank you! Carry out the field work, continually checking to see whether the data will meet your needs. To make sure the results will work, one must determine what the final report should contain and look. Step 1:


Transcript: Backwards by: Matthias What I feel when I hear this song What I feel when I hear this song I feel like I am motivating myself to go forwards in life. But sometimes, I just can't and I fall backwards. How I feel How I feel I chose this song because it represents who I am as a depressed person. I also chose it because it motivates me to stand up for myself. But when I can't, this song is a last resort. Why did I pick this song Why did I pick this song Too True Too True -He was born in 1988, September 20th About the Artist About the Artist I am going to explain Matthias's life and idea for the music video. Matthias's life Matthias's life Matthias's life began Matthias's growth to now is amazing. He started youtube He got Married to a woman named Amanda He wrote the song "backwards" Yellow= Where he lives Red= Where I live Yellow= Where he lives Red= Where I live Chart Chart No music The chart explains how I feel without the song. Other music instrumentals Listening to the song What is the song about? What is the song about? It is about being held back by things in life and trying to get past them. It is basically my life in a really depressing nutshell. This song... -This song helps me by having a actual meaning to the song. -This song helps me with my Social Anxiety by being able to fight back. This song... Why does this song relate to me and how? Why does this song relate to me and how? Since I have Depression and Anxiety, it has been really hard to get past anything in life. And this song is a motivater for me to get things done and to have a better attitude. Last of all Last of all I recommend this song to anybody who feels like they are being pulled in the opposite direction against their own will. Sometimes emotions get the best of us. And, for me, this song prevents that.

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Transcript: Wisdom does not flow like water Plato’s Critique of Pederasty Pederasty Background Symposium Pederasty My Project Pausanias' Speech Pausanias' Speech Two Aphrodites Uranian Heavenly Pandemos Common Text Text Pictures Pictures "Here, Socrates, lie down alongside me, so that by my touching you, I too may enjoy the piece of wisdom that just occurred to you while you were in the porch. It is plain that you found it and have it, for otherwise you would not have come away beforehand." Agathon and Socrates “It would be a good thing, Agathon, if wisdom were the sort of thing that flows from the fuller of us into the emptier, just by our touching one another, as the water in wine cups flows through a wool thread from the fuller to the emptier. For if wisdom too is like that, then I set a high price on my being placed alongside you, for I believe I shall be filled from you with much fair wisdom. My own may turn out to be a sorry sort of wisdom, or disputable like a dream; but your own is brilliant and capable of much development, since it has flashed out so intensely from you while you are young; and yesterday it became conspicuous among more than thirty thousand Greek witnesses." "You are outrageous, Socrates," Agathon said. "A little later you and I will go to court about our wisdom, with Dionysus as judge, but now first attend to dinner." how water flows Principle at play When they do engage in a contest about love Timeline YEAR Alcibiades' Speech Socrates, he claims, is like “those silenuses that sit in the shops of herm sculptors, the ones that craftsman make holding reed pipes or flutes; and if they are split in two and opened up they show they have images of gods within.” (215b) Alcibiades' Speech You, in my opinion,' I said, 'have proved to be the only deserving lover of mine; and it seems to me that you hesitate to mention it to me. Now I am in this state: I believe it is very foolish not to gratify you in this or anything else of mine—my wealth or my friends—that you need; for nothing is more important to d me than that I become the best possible; and I believe that, as far as I am concerned, there is no one more competent than you to be a fellow helper to me in this. So I should be far more ashamed before men of good sense for not gratifying a man like you than I should be before the many and senseless for gratifying you.' Seduction Scene 'Really, my dear Alcibiades, you're no sucker if what you say about me is really true and there is some power in me e through which you could become better. You must see, you know, an impossible beauty in me, a beauty very different from the fairness of form in yourself. So if, in observing my beauty, you are trying to get a share in it and to exchange beauty for beauty, you are intending to get far the better deal. For you are trying to acquire the truth of beautiful things in exchange for the seeming and opinion of beautiful things; and you really have in mind to exchange "gold for bronze." But blessed one do consider better: Without your being aware of it—I may be nothing. Thought, you know, begins to have keen eyesight when the sight of the eyes starts to decline from its peak; and you are still far from that.' Conclusion conclusion If Socrates were to have sex with Alcibiades, he would perpetuate: 1) the idea that people can make each other wise. impact: prevent Alcibiades from realizing his ignorance about wisdom 2) Alcibiades belief that his physical attractiveness is the most important thing about him impact: the belief could harm Alcibiades as he begins to decline from his physical peak, when “Thought begins to have keen eyesight.” (219a) 3) Socrates would be no better than the sophists who cannot acknowledge the ways in which they are ignorant, and thus, risk self-deception. Advantages Advantages to my account: -Fits with the well-known picture of a Socrates who: 1) proclaims his own ignorance. 2) critiques the Sophists for i. both not acknowledging what they do not know ii. exchanging money for wisdom -Makes explicit the way Plato critiques the customs of his time -Throws into question a vision of Socrates as someone who consistently denies bodily urges -Makes clear that the container model is supposed to function in opposition to the image of pregnancy and birth. Accounts of “Plato’s Appropriation of Reproduction” run these two images together.

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