You're about to create your best presentation ever

Article Critique Presentation Template

Create your presentation by reusing one of our great community templates.

Article Critique Presentation

Transcript: *A questionnaire was created with the help of two different and well-known instruments (Job Diagnostic Survey and Relative Autonomy Index). *914 employees of different organizations received the survey and data collection was completed with 41% response rate 374 individuals in total. *Anderson, Madlock and Hoffman ,2006 connection between leaders behavior to group satisfaction *Pool,1997 leadership styles' connection with motivation *Zhang, 2010 examined the relationship of empowering leadership and the impact on intrinsic motivation and performance. Limited research on this very topic in the past 20 years. Hypotheses Method Previous Research * no socio-economic background information for the employees or political connection of the NGOs participated in the study. those two conditions may very much effect the leaders, hence the leadership style, associated with the organization and motivation of the employees in general. * a larger sample and maybe across different countries to see if it is the same case with intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and its effect because this study only includes organizations across Lebanon ( oriental and patriachal society, there may be different results for western structure) Previous Research H1a: Not supported. Intrinsic motivation will be negatively associated with satisfaction with the supervisor. H1b: Supported. Extrinsic motivation will be positively associated with satisfaction with the supervisor. H2a: Not supported.An inverse relationship exists between Initiating Structure leader style and intrinsic motivation. H2b: Not supported.An inverse relationship exists between Consideration supervisor style and extrinsic motivation. The relationship between motivation and supervisor style on satisfaction. Hypotheses * Path-Goal theory, House, 1971- variables that moderate leader effectiveness *Kerr & Jermier, 1978- addition of variables such as task, subordinates, and the organization * Yukl ,1981 addition of intrinsic motivation as a variable * Childers, Dubinsky and Skinner, 1990 and Holdnak, Harsh and Bushardt ,1993 examined leader behavior style and job satisfaction In terms of real life applications, results can be very useful because it provides insight about the relationship of leadership style and motivation types of nonprofit organizations’ employees but determinants of the factors should be more clear. (outside eye ) Article is looking for an answer to... How employees’ point of view about the leadership style of their supervisor is a valid statement?(Objectivity and interpersonal affect on reliability) According to results extrinsically motivated employees seems more likely to rate their satisfaction with their supervisor higher than intrinsically motivated employees, which may raise questions about the reasons of these positive results (is it actually about the leader or overall fulfillment in the workplace) H3a: Not supported.Intrinsically motivated people with a Consideration style supervisor will rate supervisor satisfaction high. H3b: Not supported.Intrinsically motivated people with an Initiating Structure style supervisor will rate supervisor satisfaction low. H3c: Not supported. Extrinsically motivated people with a Consideration style supervisor will rate supervisor satisfaction low. H3d: Supported. Extrinsically motivated people with an Initiating Structure supervisor style will rate supervisor satisfaction high. are employees of nonprofit organizations motivated differently than those in for profit organizations? if nonprofits are different, how might the interaction of motivation, leadership and satisfaction differ in this environment? moderators of leader effectiveness on motivation in nonprofit organizations results indicate that * intrinsic motivation is one of the reasons people prefer to work for NGOs but those same employees might become disentranced with the help of their supervisors’ attitude overtime. * those motivated by extrinsic factors are more satisfied overall but this time a supervisor with initiating structure behavior may even raise the levels of satisfaction. * in both cases, components of this equation needs more definition to make more clear connections . Hypotheses * employee's’ position in the organization * length of employment period * type of pay received * gender were taken into account when interpreting the results Method Method NONPROFIT MOTIVATION BEHAVIOR AND SATISFACTION Robert W. Leonard

Article Critique Presentation

Transcript: Building and Sustaining Talent Creating Conditions in High-Poverty Schools That Support Effective Teaching and Learning Teacher Retention Critique by Mary Jean O'Malley EACS 5623: School and Staff Development March 28, 2013 Collaborative problem solving Sharing accountability for results Engagement to face successes and challenges Staff Cohesion Focus has been on improving teacher evaluation systems and using that information to improve teaching and learning 32 states have made changes to their performance evaluation systems recently 23 of those states require teacher evaluations to include reference to student learning Less attention on where weak teachers are placed, how they are supported at the expense of student learning What the article does well "...teacher satisfaction is more influenced by the culture of the school than by the demographics of the students in the school" Effective Teaching and Learning "Too often, a lack of attention to these factors in our highest poverty and lowest performing schools results in environments in which few educators would choose to stay. For too long, the high levels of staff dissatisfaction and turnover that characterize [high-poverty] schools have been erroneously attributed to their students. But research continues to demonstrate that students are not the problem." School Culture My Criticism "Our most vulnerable students are consistently and disproportionately saddled with the weakest teachers and seldom have access to what they deserve" (Almy &Tooley, 2012, Executive Summary) Argument Context Create a shared mission Focus on student achievement Commit to teacher learning, growth and development 70% of teachers feel satisfied with leadership feedback in schools with higher cultures compared to 35% in schools with poor school culture. Assumptions that high poverty schools or schools where the majority of students are non-white are lower-performing Focus on deficit language to discuss high poverty schools Lack of clarity as to what effective teaching and learning is - only 1-2 mentions of achievement or growth statistics Are the example districts really living happily ever after? Does not examine political context to show whether districts or states have the capacity to reform Article by: Sarah Almy and Melissa Tooley, The Education Trust (c) 2012 2012, p. 3-4 Gives state policy context to illustrate stepping stones and barriers states give to schools to support teachers Gives examples of multiple traditional public school districts that have successfully improved teacher quality and retention Provides list of actions that districts and states can take to help schools create better conditions for teaching and learning School Leadership

Article Critique

Transcript: Examples "Technology, cell phones, tablets, and laptops allow us all to be constantly connected, which has had a dramtic impact on our daily lives" Social Media in Public Relations and Advertising Social Media and Strategic Communication Study conducted by the authors : Popularity of Social Media Constant change of Technology -Future chapters including Public Relations & Advertising -Always "in the know" due to advanced technologies -Media is evolving and we need to evolve with it Examples Constant Change of Technology "Many Organizations are looking to college students to fill the "social media deficit" to incorporate social media into strategic communication" "While it took traditional media- radio and television- more than a decade to reach 50 million users, it took Facebook less than 9 months to reach 100 million" -American Bandstand and Bobby Socks -Rock'N Roll and Sexuality Relates to our Class By: Bobbi Kay Lewis, Ph.D. Oklahoma State University and Cynthia Nichols, Ph.D. Oklahoma State University Relates to our Class 3 Main Points How do College Students feel about social media in accordance to education and their future careers Relates to our Class Popularity of social media Journalism Movies Television Radio -Facebook #1 most visited site -Young people using social media to get news -Older people using social media to stay in contact with past friends and family -Evolving of telephone -Constant connection = All knowing -Innovation, Creation, Cultural Influences Article Critique Social Media in Public Relations and Advertising A two-year study of attitudes and perceptions about social media among college students

Article Critique

Transcript: The Role of Housing Type and Housing Quality in Urban Children with Asthma Objective To compare the prevalence of asthma in a range of urban housing types and determine if the relationship between housing type and current asthma persists, after controlling for individual demographic risk factors, neighborhood income, and markers of housing quality. Method Parent-report, cross-sectional survey Childhood asthma hospitalization rate based on residential ZIP codes in NYC 26=8(High)+8(Median)+10(Low) Housing Type Buildings Information System (BIS) 6 major categories of residential housing Public housing Walk-up private Elevator private Mixed-use private Other private apt. Family dwelling private Conclusion Unadjusted: private housing<public housing Adjusted (demographic factors):private housing<public housing Social, economic, behavioral risk factors Posit: lack of control of the maintenance of shared spaces in multiunit dwellings, may contribute to the presence of asthma triggers By LiWei Xie Strengths Indirect measurement of housing characteristics = recall bias Neglect of homelessness Information of rental or owner-occupied? ------------------------------------------------- Real causes Time spent in school or outdoor Article Critique Weaknesses Multivariate Analysis Consistent with other studies Useful specificity by housing type, while previous studies looked at public housing alone ----------------------------------------- Systematic Survey Statistical Analysis

Article Critique Presentation

Transcript: Strengths/Usefulness of Findings ..... A multiple probe design across stimulus sets was employed. The order was: 1. Pre-training probes, 2. SPOP, 3. Post-training probes. Remedial SPOP was conducted if participants failed initial post-training probes for listener or tact relations. MET (multiple exemplar training, was implemented if participants failed to meet criterion. Met: Applied, Behavioral, Analytic, effective, conceptually systematic Did not fully meet: technological, generality. Stimulus Pairing Observation Procedure can help establish tact and listener relations for children that English is their second language. These findings can be useful because children can acquire novel verbal relations through naturalistic observations. Pre-training generalization probes ranged from 0% to 50% correct. After SPOP, participants met mastery criterion for both tact and listener relations on some sets. All participants showed an increase in responses. MET was implemented until the mastery criterion was achieved from the original sets. Scores ranged from: 75% to 100% for Myra, 25% to 75 % for Cecilia and 38% to 100% for Jason. The purpose of this research was to evaluate SPOP to facilitate tact and listener relations in preschool children learning a second language. Also, it was made to evaluate the utility of SPOP for teaching a small English vocabulary, for children who's first language is Spanish. Weakness and Limitations Research Examining the Utility of the Stimulus Pairing Observation Procedure with Preschool Children Learning a second Language. * A total of 3 children were selected for this study. * Sessions were conducted 4-5 times per week for 45-60 minutes per day. Dependent Variable: % of correct tact and listener responses during pre and posttraining probes in the absence of reinforcement. -The number of participants was too low. -The listener response levels were high in the pre-training test. - This procedure requires the participants to have some prerequisite skills (joint attention). By: Rocio Rosales, Ruth Anne Rehfeldt, and Nancy Huffman. FONTS RESULTS Article Critique Presentation By: Jennifer Lopez Methodology Conclusion SPOP can be helpful when teaching children generalization with stimulus pairing. My judgement about this study.... Future of this research can lead to a better use of SPOP to gain knowledge on how children acquire novel verbal relations through naturalistic observations. The Dimensions of ABA

Article Critique Presentation

Transcript: Presented by Ryane Cheatham EDUC:805 - Research Design & Qual. Research Dr. Yoon "Disrupting Ourselves: The Problem of Learning in Higher Education" Author: Randy Bass Article Critique Abstract Abstract/Purpose This journal analyzes the current teaching practices associated with the formal practices of higher education curriculum and it's learning modules. The author suggests that the formal curriculum does not provide structure conducive to the importance of experiential learning as it pertains to the Global Age. (Bass, 2012) Research Questions Research Questions Can we continue to operate under the assumption that formal curriculum is the center of the undergraduate experience? What is actually causing disruption in the formal curriculum? What are the high impact practices of learning for the undergraduate student if it is not formal curricula? How can formal curriculum and experiential curriculum integrate for the ideal instructional environment? Strategy Strategy & Data Analysis The type of study that was conducted was qualitative in nature. The author reviewed the journals and reports of 6 different studies to express his views on informal learning, participatory cultures associated with the internet, re-centering curriculum learning based on high impact undergraduate experience, and restructuring the use of faculty expertise as it interfaces with experiential learning (Bass, 2012) Data Analysis & Collection Data Collection & Analysis The author suggests that the formal curriculum is experiencing pressure from experiential learning and participatory culture of the global age. He believes that undergraduates are no longer receiving high impact learning experiences from the traditional classroom and curriculum. Rather, based on a 2008 National Survey of Student Engagement, student's participation in first year seminars, common intellectual sharing, learning communities, writing intensive courses, collaborative assignments and projects, undergraduate research experiences, study abroad programs, internships, and capstone projects have the greatest impact on the success, retention in a curriculum, and graduation rate of an undergraduate's academic experience. He determines that integration of such practices into an experiential curriculum module could be more conducive to the effectiveness of an undergraduate's academic experience. Team-Based Design E-Portfolios Online Participatory Culture (Bass, 2012) Summary Summary Co-Curriculum learning can act as an essential component of the traditional/ formal model that is currently utilized today. Full Sail University and the GPS System Critiques of the article: I am not sure the article presents enough quantitative data to completely negate the effectiveness of the traditional academic curriculum. However, I do believe it does present a compelling argument on the need for the integration of such high impact practices in the academic curriculum for the undergraduate experience. I also think the type of models associated with these higher impact practices can determine the relevancy and effectiveness of experiential learning in the undergraduate academic experience. Reference Bass, R. (2012). Disrupting Ourselves: The Problem of Learning in Higher Education. Educause Review, 47(2), 1-13.

Article Critique Presentation

Transcript: Erin M. Burns, MS, PhD, MSPH; Purushotham Guroji, MS, PhD; Israr Ahmad, MS, PhD; Hana M. Nasr, MPH; Yingxue Wang, MPH; Iman A. Tamimi, MD; Elijah Stiefel, MD; Mohammad S. Abdelgawwad, MD; Abdullah Shaheen, BS; Anum F. Muzaffar, BS; Lisa M. Bush, MS, GCC; Christina B. Hurst, MS, GCC; Russell L. Griffin, MPH, PhD; Craig A. Elmets, MD; Nabiha Yusuf, MS, PhD Daniel Cenicola Sam Scribner Lonaya Baker Mike Pietrowski Association of Vitamin D Receptor Polymorphisms With the Risk of Nonmelamona Skin Cancer in Adults Background & Literature Review •3.5 million new diagnoses of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) are reported each year. • NMSC is the 5th most costly cancer to treat in the Medicare population • Risk factors for increased risk include white, male, and sun exposure Background & Literature Review Key abbreviations: NMSC – Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma BCC – Basal Cell Carcinoma SNP – Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Information provided by: https://surgery.ucsf.edu/conditions--procedures/nonmelanoma-skin-cancer.aspx • Previous studies examining certain polymorphisms and increased risk for NMSC have been contradictory. • This study will look at a population with high mean UV exposure, compared to other studies that looked at populations with moderate exposures. • Is there an association between vitamin D receptor single-nucleotide polymorphisms and the risk of NMSC? Background & Literature Review Contd. Key abbreviations: NMSC – Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma BCC – Basal Cell Carcinoma SNP – Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Provided by: https://www.epa.gov/sunsafety/uv-index-1 Methods & Study Design Case control study 97 Cases (3 excluded due to poor sample quality) Received a diagnosis of and were being treated for BCC or SCC 29: non-Hispanic white women 68: non-Hispanic white men 100 Controls: receiving treatment of a condition other than skin cancer 54: non-Hispanic white women 46: non-Hispanic white men Recruitment site: The dermatology clinics at the Kirklin Clinic of the University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital Time frame: Jan. 1, 2012 - Dec. 21, 2014 Methods & Study Design Provided by: www.uabmedicine.org Tools: Questionnaire — Collected information about skin, hair, eye color, family history of skin cancer, sun exposure history( tanning ability/severe sunburns experienced in life time) QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit Qiagen: blood sample collected (genotypes) Examined 3 known VDR (Vitamin D Receptor) polymorphisms: ApaI, BsmI & TaqI Methods & Study Design Contd. Provided by: https://www.labome.com/method/DNA-Extraction-and-Purification.html Results & Key Conclusions •After adjusting for age and sex, the following risk factors significantly increased odds of NMSC: •Light skin color (OR, 5.9 {95% CI, 1.31-5.10]) •Light eye color (OR, 2.47 [95% CI, 1.30-4.67]) •Lesser ability to tan (OR, 2.35 [(95% CI, 1.23 – 4.48]) •Risk factors of family history and hair color did not reach statistical significance in this study. Results & Key Conclusions Key abbreviations: NMSC – Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma BCC – Basal Cell Carcinoma SNP – Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Significant risk factors identified specifically for men included: •Light skin color (OR, 4.10 [95% CI, 1.46-11.47]) •Lesser ability to tan (OR, 2.31 [95% CI, 0.87-6.12]) •Lighter eyes (OR, 3.26 [95% CI, 1.24 - 8.56]) Results & Key Conclusions Contd. Key abbreviations: NMSC – Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma BCC – Basal Cell Carcinoma SNP – Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Significant risk factors identified specifically for women included: •Light skin color (OR, 8.43 [95% CI, 1.70-41.86]) •Greater number of severe sunburns (OR, 8.00 [95% CI, 2.01-31.84]) Results & Key Conclusions Contd. Key abbreviations: NMSC – Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma BCC – Basal Cell Carcinoma SNP – Single Nucleotide Polymorphism In terms of the genotype distributions: •Only the ApaI SNP differed significantly between the cases and controls. •ApaI A allele was more frequent among controls than cases (0.500 vs. 0.405; P = .01) •BsmI b allele was significantly less frequent among controls than cases (0.360 vs. 0.464; P = .04) •TaqI allele was also less frequent among controls, but not significantly so (0.345 vs. 0.382; P=.09) Results & Key Conclusions Contd. Key abbreviations: NMSC – Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer SCC – Squamous Cell Carcinoma BCC – Basal Cell Carcinoma SNP – Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Strengths & Limitations Strengths •Performed separate analysis for men and women • Age-adjusted results •Use of case control study design: •ability to explore multiple exposures •NSMC has a long induction and latent period •Selecting hospital controls •Easily identifiable and accessible •More willing to participate than population-based controls Strengths & Limitations Limitations •Recall bias: allow participants to fill out baseline questionnaires -Some participants were unsure

Now you can make any subject more engaging and memorable