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Arab Media Presentation

Transcript: Whether reality TV , which encourages basic democratic function within its sphere, can translate into actual democratic value and behavior such voting and public debate can only be determined with the benefit of political hindsite. Show got canceled because of a Kiss- Led to Protests in Bahrain Bahranian politician said “The program showed an abnormal way of living which is opposed to our cultural”- People are sensitive to how reality tv show can take away from traditional culture. In a turn of events though the Bahrain Parliament rose to the defense of the programs- saying that it would boost tourism and contribute to economic growth. Also said that reality tv shows are more accurate in representing the Arab Youth. For Islamists: The idea of mixing unmarried men and women with each other under one house creates a scenario or flirting physical contact and sexual intercourse is haram, a sin. – Particularly in countries like Bahrain and Kuwait and Saudia Arabia… REALITY TV AND PUBLIC CONTENTION WHAT DID IT SHOW? THE ARAB REALITY TV ENVIRONMENT 9.Human Rights Surveillance How was it received by audiences? The Thin Lines of Democracy in Reality TV shows. QUESTIONS? The competition went from a singing competition amongst artists to one where it was about international rivalry, each individual was performing as representative from their country The voting Frenzy surrounding superstar became a competition frenzy. People were'nt voting for talent but were performing their national duty by voting for a citizen for their country on the regional stage. It stimulated patriotic feelings and created a division of passions and votes according to national affiliation which undermines the claim that Pan-Arab media is uniting Arab audiences. HOW IT WAS RECEIVED? SUPERSTAR 1st and foremost. Reality TV activates the democracy of participation not of governance. Overall, peoples participation in voting or creating alliances on or over reality shows do not turn them into activists for democratic governance because it does not call for institutional change or action- things that contribute to governance outside the world of television. Voting through mobile phones for reality TV is not an accurate representation of public vote as people can vote multiple times and voting itself is limited to those who have access to the technology- this could skew results. Arab Media is controlled by business political elite whose interest in profit is inversely proportional to their interest in political change. Success of such shows are limited to Arab countries that are liberal and western orientatied Arab channels create hybrid content- they combined global format developed in western Europe and then apply it to the local content that applies to the cultural sensibilities of specific audiences. – The cultural hybrity of these programs contribute to unpredictable audience reactions. Reality TV shows are public events in Arab countries that compel actors to construct their own identity, causing various actor to display competing social identities and political agendas in process of public contention- who must then choose whose objective -and vision to favor that calls for a good society. This overlap of pop culture and politics brings to light latent social political tensions Public discourse about the shows show how groups use them to to articulate and legitimate competing ideological agendas. 8.Media and Global village of repressive states REALITY TELEVISION AND POLITICS IN THE ARAB WORLD Globalizing culture of consumerism and the normative outlook of western democracies is the result of western news channels. Led to the creation of globalized values and tenets of economic individualism and liberal democracy. Young people who utilize new technology that bypass state control are plugged into western media and immersed in wider cultural flows that normalize democratic practices- This Shows how the uprising was driven by democratic incentives. 3.Media Conviviality in Everyday Life. Criticism was coming from all sides. Though controversial, gained success because it came from "westernized" Lebanon. Increased Audience participation THE VIEWERS Media contagion in political uprising. – The spread of images of political dissent and protest spill over national borders to impact upon struggles elsewhere around the world. What is also contagious aside from the demonstration and symbols is the communication tactics used by media activists to evade state controlled media. What did it show about arab public discourse: Arab version of Fame Academy Arab version of American idol THE REALITY TV SHOWS ARAB REALITY TV SHOWS MERGING WITH POLITICS AND POLITICAL ENVIRONMENT ABOUT THE PEER REVIEW ARTICLE New Media Systems maintaining democratic momentum of political movements to change post uprising phases will have a deep significance for the reconstruction of civil society. Countries like Egypt will need regulation of media to successfully adapt itself to new form

Background Presentation

Transcript: 14th Week Consulting interns can be expensive Time and Money Personal Experience Preliminary Design Stage NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 New and Existing Education, Business, and Mercantile Definition of Project This app would be used to provide interns and recent graduates with an outline of guidelines for how to design and review designs of specific occupancies. With the given time frame, I will be writing the information that will go into the app Begin parametric study: Speak with my mentor and Jason to understand more about what critical variables I could concentrate on for this app. Choose those parameters and begin my study Gather information from NFPA 101 and NFPA 13 for new and existing education, business, and mercantile occupancies. By: Breanne Thompson Next Steps (Continued) Finish preparing for Draft of Analysis Pull together and discuss results of project Draw my conclusions and state future work needed Turn in Final Paper! 10th and 11th Week Turn in my parametric study Begin draft of analysis Map out the process of the app for the key elements 15th Week References Next Steps 7th Week Prepare for Final Presentation Summarize my draft of analysis into presentation Work on how to incorporate a live demonstration for my presentation App Development Background Information 8th-9th Week Continuous Process Objective-C for Apple products Java for Android products 6 months of studying Places to Learn: Codecademy, iOS Dev Center, Android Developers Training Hire App Developer will cost thousands Prepare Final Paper Dive into Shark Tank! 1. 2. 6th Week Background Presentation 12th-13th Week

Background Presentation

Transcript: Real action and accountability Amnesty International Non-state actors/ Rebel Groups?? ...and what about men?? ignoring male rape victims? would rape exist without a man? Weapons of War: Rape UN as an Arena - NGO's - Discussion and dialogue Arena Instrument Actor Critical Thinking Weapons of War: Rape UN as an instrument UNSC Resolution 1820 (2008) UN as an Actor - UN Action Against Sexual Violence in Conflict Weapons of War: Rape Problems with 1820 "Roles and Functions of International Organizations" "Sexual violence, when used as a tactic of war in order to deliberately target civilians or as a part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilian populations, can significantly exacerbate situations of armed conflict and may impede the restoration of international peace and security… effective steps to prevent and respond to such acts of sexual violence can significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security" (UNSC Resolution 1820, p. 2)" Background Presentation- Kristin Mann Weapons of War: Rape Brief Insight - used to manipulate social control - destabilize communities - weaken ethnic groups and identities Examples: - Sudanese Militia - Rwanda Genocide - DRC Critical Thinking Critical Thinking Increased Data Collection by international organizations - determine humanitarian responses - ensures justice and reparation - provides recognition and dignity

Background on Arab Uprisings

Transcript: #Feb17 Slim Amamou The Arab Spring’s Cascading Effects Algeria We live in a digital era, thus it is only natural that technology becomes an important tool for civic organization and grassroots democratization However, the role of digital media should not be overemphasized Social media is only a tool to help connect the people that are in the streets Should not assume that face to face communication is more meaningful than text messages, both are equally important Do you think that the attention towards social media’s role in the uprisings creates a negative or positive impact? Helped organize a protest against censorship on May 2010 Was subsequently arrested and tortured for five days Offered a position in the Tunisian transitional government, as Secretary of State of Youth and Sports Later quit his post, stating that focus should be on upcoming elections Reports of Facebook accounts being deleted Government blamed for limiting access to Internet prior to major protests February 17, 2006 - over a dozen protesters killed in Tripoli by police February 17, 2011 - marks beginning of Libyan revolution "We are all Khaled Said" Leader: Hosni Mubarak Start: January 25th, 2011 Status: Protests ongoing June 6, 2011 - Khaled Saeed is beaten to death by police January 25th, 2011 – protests were organized throughout Egypt January 27th, 2011 – internet shut down Mubarak states that he will form a “new government” January 31st, 2011 – new government sworn in February 2nd, 2011 – internet returns February 5th, 2011 – members of the ruling party resign from their positions Does the media exaggerate the role of social media in the revolutions? Tunisia "But right now, we’re planning how to use social media to counter government propaganda that paints protesters as violent, confused youth, misled by “foreign elements” into harming our own country. We need to enter the conversation with people who believe what they’re told on TV, and the best way to do that is using social media to present our arguments in a calm, logical manner." Summary The Role of Social Media in the Arab Uprisings Summary Egypt Do you find that face to face communication is more important than text messaging? Summary Summary Tunisia Leader: Muammar Gaddafi Start: February 17th, 2011 Status: Liberated on October 23rd, 2011 February 16th – human rights activist, Fethi Tarbel arrested, starts riots in Benghazi February 24th – anti-government militias take over central costal city of Mistra February 26th – UN security council imposes sanctions on Gaddafi and his family March 5th – National Transitional Council (NTC) in Benghazi declares themselves sole Libyan representatives March 17th – UN security council votes to authorize no-fly zone over Libya September 24 - NATO forces successfully enter Sirte, one of the few remaining cities still loyal to Gadaffi October 20 - Gadaffi's convoy attacked by NTC forces, he is captured and killed October 28 - NATO announces end of mission in Libya NATO lacks real-time intelligence, preventing them from being aware of possible hideouts Online activists, such as Robert Rowley, have likely provided information leading to successful attacks by NATO: "He also wonders whether his tweets might be connected to the bombing of a Gadhafi communications centre in Tripoli. Combing through satellite images, he noticed that a property listed as a commercial warehouse had a yard containing what appeared to be military vehicles. He published his observations; 10 hours later, the spot was hit by a NATO air strike. “I’m 5,000 miles away,” he said, in an interview before his shift at the ice-cream parlour. “It’s a very weird feeling.”" Why do you think people are so drawn to using social media? The Globe and Mail: How social media users are helping NATO fight Gadhafi in Libya Leader: President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Start: December 18th, 2010 Status: Subdued since March 2011 Since 1987, Ben Ali has arrested and tortured thousands of protesters, limited media and blocked civil society organizations Dec. 17th, 2011- 26 year old Mohamed Bouazizi lit himself on fire President Ben Ali offered 300 00 new jobs to citizens January 14th – President and his family left to Saudi Arabia Rates of new Facebook users is higher in Arab countries than many countries that have the highest Facebook penetration rate worldwide This number is strongly linked to a country's Human Development Index, Gender Gap Index, and overall demographics and income Lower percentage of female Facebook users in Arab countries reflects gender disparity seen in politics, economics, healthcare, and education Important in determining how social media is useful for certain countries, but ineffective for others Syrian Crackdown "In Unsettled Times, Media Can Be a Call to Action, or a Distraction" Summary Leader: President Bashar Al-Assad Start: January 26th 2011, uprising  March 15th, 2011 Status: On going Summary January 26th, 2011 – Hasan Ali- Akleh sets himself on fire out of

Background Presentation

Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas

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