Transcript: Fable Allegory Animal Farm: Background Info Satire Animal Farm explores the political and social unrest in Russia that was caused by socialism, communism and totalitarianism. Animal Farm attacks the idea of totalitarian communism (a political system in which one ruling party plans and controls everything.) Animal Farm is an allegory by George Orwell. According to Orwell, the book reflects events from the Russian Revolution of 1917. A story with animals, that conveys a moral or message. Characters and events in an allegory represent hidden meanings and covey a moral, political, or philosophical message. The use of humor, irony, or ridicule in order to expose a truth.
Transcript: Animal Farm Background J'Tajh Stevens Literature Terms Lit Terms Fable Allegory Satire Terms to Know Fable Satire Allegory a short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral. the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. 6 Animals Animals Fox Bull Eagle Lion Wolf Crow Symbolization What does these 6 animals symbolize Fox-sneaky, cunning, and mean Bull-anger, strong, and destruction Eagle-pride, majesty, and grace Lion-power, leadership, pride, nobility Wolf-danger, loyalty, and protection Crow-bad luck or death 3 Subsections Historical Background The Russian Revolution 4 Types of Government 4 Key Men All 3 Russian Revolution 4 Types of Government 4 Key Men Started and finished on, Mar 8, 1917 – Nov 7, 1917. War was between the Russian Empire and the Russian Provisional Government. Dictatorship-characterized by a single leader or group of leaders Socialism-policy or practice based on the political and economic theory of socialism. Democracy- control of an organization or group by the majority of its members Communism- a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles were both German philosophers. The Bolshevik Party was led by Vladimir Lenin. Joseph Stalin was head of the Communist Party. George Orwell is his pen name Born on June 25th, 1903 Died in January 21st, 1950 Eric Arthur Blair (Real Name) Was a novelist, essayist He was a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism. The Author Author Background Animal Farm is based on the allegory section about the Russian Revolution, first published in England on August 17th 1945. It stands for human society, capitalist, socialist, or communist. Animal Farm Animal Farm
Transcript: Kayla Bell Animal Farm Background Literature Terms Allegory fable satire Key Terms a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one Allegory A short story containing a moral. Usually involving characters such as animals, fairies, and more. fable the use of humor or exaggeration to get a point across or point out an issue. This is mostly seen in politics . satire Animals Animals Dog, Wolf, Donkey Fox, Crow, Cat Dog- dogs represent loyalty and friendship Wolf- a wolf represents protection Donkey-donkeys represent stupidity and foolishness Fox-foxes represent sneakiness Crow-crows represent death and darkness Cat-cats represent mystery and suspicion Russian Revolution Historical Background The russian revolution occured in 1927. The event was the overthrow of Tsar Nicholas ii and the world's first communist regime being established. The Revolution had many key people playing a role in it like Tsar nicholas ii, karl marx, valdimir lenin, joseph stalin, and more. a new government of the union of soviet socialist republics led by Lenin, which was officially dissolved in 1991. Government Types Socialism- economic and social systems characterized by social ownership. tsarism-A government ruled by a tsar (emperor). Tsar has absolute power and authority. Democracy-a form of government where where all eligible citizens participate equally. Capitalism - economic and political system in which trade and industry are controlled private owners for profit. Tsar Nicholas ii was over thrown from his government and the world's first communist regime was established. Karl Marx was a german philosopher and came up with a plan which became known as The Communist Manifesto Vladimir Lenin led the Bloshivik Party. He also created the Union of soviet socialist republics . Joseph stalin ran a bitter battle against Leon trotsky and ended up expelling trotsky from the communist party. He ran him out of the country into permanent exile. Key Men George Orwell Background Author Background Eric Arthur blair is known by his pen name George Orwell was born June 25, 1903 in Motihari India. He was a writer and a critic. His book "Animal Farm" was written to call out socialism and the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917. He passed away on January 21, 1950 due to tuberculosis. Animal farm was published in 1945 by george orwell (eric arthur blair). the story is written about animals who rebel against their farmer in hope for freedom. George Orwell wrote this book to be based off the Russian Revolution of 1917 and communism/socialism. animal farm background
Transcript: Stalin THANK YOU! Everything else Published in 1945 but written during WWII Neoconservatism philosophy abound The two world wars as well as the Iron Curtain ordeal in Europe created new levels of political isolation Many nations were divided in their views of political structures-- some favored socialism, while others favored communism, and some liked neither The 20th century also features quite a few dictatorships Started February 1917 to January of 1918 First Revolution was based off of women's inequality in the work force There were new leaders after the revolution in Petrograd Petrograd Soviet Group of Former Duma Members Duma ended up being the head leader of the country In October the 2nd revolution emerged Lenin start a secret group to up rise against the government. Lenin's people took over all government buildings. Communism rose up when Lenin announced her was the new leader of the U.S.S.R. A civil war emerged when there was poverty and lack of resources for citizens in 1918 . 1940s Animal Farm Background Politics influenced Orwell's novel Sort of a touchy subject, so used allegory to give his opinions Major characters in book represent political figures Communist Russia and the 1940s Literature during the 40s offered views on the brutality of war and provided hope to the people A number of novels were written shortly after the wars which were speculative in nature due to the barbaric wars that were occurring Britain sided against Russia in World War II Russian Revolution History Snapshot After serving in the Spanish Civil War Orwell returns home with unfavorable opinions on the Russian government Orwell was a democratic socialist and was critical of Stalin Thinks Russia led by Stalin became a tight dictatorship enforced by terror Orwell's Opinions Connection? Communist Russia Stalin remained in power for 30 years following Lenin Stalin had a previously crafted system of government when he came to power Brought all agriculture under state control and forced farmers to work on state farms Living conditions fell under Stalin Stalin crushed opposition More stubborn and ruthless than Lenin Lenin was a leader of the Bolshevik Revolution Credited with being the founder of the USSR More liberal of the two (other being Stalin), allowing some peasants to hold onto land and some business to remain private Under Lenin, standards of living rose for peasants and farmers Lenin was more popular and less stubborn Lenin
Transcript: Animal Farm Background Monica Dunwoody Literature Terms Literature Terms 1. Fable 2. Allegory 3. Satire Fable the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. Satire Satire a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. Allegory Allegory Short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral Fable Animals Animals 1. Dog 2. Pig 3. Fox 4. Cat 5. Lion 6. Chicken Fox Fox Symbolic representation is sneakiness, cunning, and mean. Cat Cat Symbolic representation is mystery, curiosity, and cleverness. Symbolic representation is leadership,power, pride, and nobility. Lion Lion Symbolic representation is messiness, lack of manners, and determination. Pig Pig Symbolic Representation is protection, loyalty, and guidance. Dog Dog Symbolic representation is fear and acting cowardly. Chicken Chicken The Russian Revolution Historical Background Was a period where there was political and social revolutions around the Russian Empire. The second revolution made the Bolsheviks gain power in 1917. Government Types Government Types 1. Capitalism- economic and political system in which a county's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. 2. Socialism- a political and economic theory of social organization that says production should be shared by the community as a whole 3. Dictatorship- government that is ruled by a single person who has absolute power 4. Democracy- form of government where the people have the power to elect representatives. Key Men Key Men 1. Tsar Nicholas II- poor leader who got overthrown and executed. 2. Karl Marx- philosopher. know for capitalism and communism theories. Wrote "Communist Manifesto" 3. Vladimir Lenin- led the bolshevik party. He also led the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. His death in 1924 caused a bitter battle. 4. Joseph Stalin- head of communist party. Had power and strength. Used his influence to purge his country of everyone that opposed him. About The Author Author Background June 25,1903 - January 21,1950. George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair) was an English writer. He wrote a lot about social injustice and opposition about totalitarianism. He is best known for his books Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty- Four. He believed in democracy, liberty, and equality. He died at the age of 46 from tuberculosis . allegorical novella written by George Orwell. Tells the story of a group of farm animals who throws a rebellion against their human owner, wanting to create a society where animals can have freedom and equality. Animal Farm Background Animal Farm
Transcript: ANIMAL FARM BACKGROUND Thomas Livingston Fable Allegory Satire Literature Terms Topic 1 a short story, typically with animals as characters, conveying a moral. Fable Fable a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. Allegory Allegory the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary politics and other topical issues. Satire Satire Cat Chicken Dog Eagle Donkey Owl Animals Topic 2 Symbolizes mystery, curiosity, cleverness. Cat Cat Symbolizes fear and acting cowardly. Chicken Chicken Symbolizes loyalty and friendship. Dog Dog Symbolizes pride,majesty and grace. Eagle Eagle Symbolizes laziness, lack of knowledge. Donkey Donkey Symbolizes knowledge and wisdom. Owl Owl Russian Revolution Dictatorship Socialism Totalitarianism Communism Tsar Nicholas II, Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, & Joseph Stalin Historical Background Topic 3 Totalitarianism:a political concept of a mode of government that prohibits apposition parties. High degree of control over public and private life. Most expensive form of authoritarianism. Totalitarianism Socialism: a form of government which is an economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Socialism Dictatorship: a form of government lead by one person or small group with almost not all control and power. The people have very little say so and no private life or social there's no public programs or media. Dictatorship Communism: a political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is, public owned pond according to their l Communism Nicholas II or Nikolai II Alexandrian Romanov, known in the Russian Orthodox Church as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer, was the last Emperor of Russia, Tsar Nicholas II Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary. Karl Marx Vladimir Lenin was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as head of government of Soviet Russia Vladimir Lenin Joseph Stalin was a Georgian revolutionary and Soviet politician who led the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin The Russian Revolution was a time period of political and social revolution across the territory of the Russian Empire. This Started with the abolish-meant of monarchy and concluded with the establishment of the Soviet Union at the end of war. Russian Revolution Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist and essayist, journalist and critic. His work is characterized by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism. Animal Farm is a novella by George Orwell, the novella was first published in England of August 1945. The book tells a story of the life of a group of farm animals. The animals rebel against the human their farmer because they're hoping to create a society where animals are equal to humans. Author Background Topic 4
Transcript: Russian Revolution Joseph Stalin- The leader of the USSR after the revolution. Leon Trotsky- Creator and leader of the Red Army. Karl Marx- Created Marxism, the basis of the Russian government. Czar Nicholas II- Last czar of Russia. Bri Taylor & Luke Chitwood FONTS Animal Farm Background Key Figures -Took place in 1917. -Included two revolutions, the February revolution and the Bolshevik revolution. -Brought an end to the czar royalty. -End of revolution brought upon the USSR. -Caused by the end of WWI. Allegory- A short story that describes or holds a hidden message. * Satire- The use of sarcasm or irony to make humor of someone else's stupidity. Communism- A government theory where the top priority is equality. Socialism- A society where major industries are government controlled. Propaganda- Information and ideas that are used to damage a certain person or thing's image. Utopia- An ideal perfect society. Dystopia- A utopia gone wrong. *Animal Farm is an allegory of the Russian Revolution. Definitions
Transcript: La'Mya Ceasar Animal farm background Fable Allegory Satire Topic 1 Literature Allegory Allegory- a poem , or picture that can be interpreted to revel a hidden Fable A short story, typically with animal as characters . conveying a moral. Satire- the use of humor , irony. exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity or vices, particularly in the context of contemporary polities and other topical issues. Satire 1.Bull 2.Wolf 3.Dog 4.Owl 5.Crow Animals Subtopic 1 Animals Bull-can symbolize strength and angry Wolf- can symbolize danger, loyalty Dog-can symbolize loyalty , and friendship Pig- can symbolize messy, and lack of manors Owl- can symbolize wisdom Crow- can symbolize dead things or bad luck Subtopic 2 Subtopic 2 The Russian Revolution it's a allegory about the Russian Revelation of 1917 that was overthrown by Tsar, Nicholas ll . Communist- a person who supports or believes in the principal of communism. Capitalist-an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state. Socialism- an economic system characterized by social ownership of the means of production and co-operative management of the economy. Totalitarianism- a political system in which the state holds total authority over the society and seeks to control all aspects of public and private life wherever possible, often through restriction, mass surveillance & terrorism. T sar Nicholas ll was overthrown and the world's first communist regime was established. Karl Marx worked as a german philosopher to come up with a plan to organize and improve the worker's situations. Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik party. Joseph Stalin was the head of the communist party. Topic 3 Historical background Text Text Pictures Pictures George Orwell was born June 1903 in Motihari, India and he died January 21,1950 at university college hospital , London United States. He wrote all different types of novels. Animal Farm was wrote by George Orwell and it's a allegorical novella it was first public in England on August 17, 1945 . the book tell who rebel against their human farmer. Topic 4 Author background Map Map Chart Chart
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