Transcript: What is an aneurysm? Fusiform Saccular Coiling Clipping Medications Treatments Cerebral (Intracranial) Thoracic aortic Abdominal aortic Subject to the type of aneurysm Vomiting Nausea dizziness Unconciousness Pain Droopy eyelids Causes Symptoms Diseases and disorders Smoking congenital An aneurysm is a widening or weak area in the wall of an artery. Aneurysm
Transcript: Aneurysm By: Chad Boelee What is it? An aneurysm is the weakening of an artery wall with makes a bulge. You can also form aneurysms in your brain! WOW! What is an Aneurysm An aneurysm effects the circulatory system because it forms out of an artery. Body system it effects Body System There are usually no symptoms of an aneurysm Symptoms Symptoms Eat healthy and make good diet choices Keep blood levels in check Get lots of exersize Manage stress Preventions Preventions Most aneurysms do not need surgery because they are harmless It will if it rupture. Treatment Common Treatment Here are some stats Statistics of Aneurysms Stats 1 in 50 people in the US have an brain aneurysm Stat There is a brain aneurysm rupturing every 18 minutes around the word. Stat Ruptured brain aneurysms are fatal in about 40% of cases. Stat Video
Transcript: Aneurysm an abnormal widening or ballooning of a portion of an artery due to weakness in the wall of the blood vessel. Causes/Risk Factors present at birth defects in the artery wall high blood pressure high cholesteral pregnancy Common locations the aorta the brain in the leg behind the knee in the intestine in the spleen Complications •Compression of nearby structures such as nerves, which may lead to weakness and numbness •Infection--can lead to body-wide illness and rupture •Rupture-- which can cause bleeding that may lead to death Symptoms the symptoms depend on the location of the aneurysm if the symptoms occur near the surface of the body pain, swelling, and throbing can be seen. Aneurysms within the body and brain often cause no symptoms If an aneurysm ruptures: pain swelling rapid heart rate lightheadedness Treatment surgery Endovascular stent repair
Transcript: Surgical options for both ruptured and unruptured aneurysms Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms What is a CT scan? Ruptured cerebral aneurysms account for 3-5% of all strokes. Treatment of an unruptured aneurysm all depends on the size. If the aneurysm is small (about 4cm in diameter) there is no immediate treatment other than watching and waiting to see if the aneurysm grows in size and poses a greater risk. When and if the aneurysm grows to no more than 5.5cm in diameter then it is time to weigh the risks of surgery against leaving it be. Surgery will indeed happen when the aneurysm reaches over 5.5cm and is growing rapidly at 0.5cm daily as this large aneurysm poses a serious risk of rupturing. About two thirds of the people who have aortic aneurysms are male. About 1 in 4 aortic aneurysms occur in the thoracic area of the aorta which is higher up in the chest. Cerebral Aneurysms can be caused by... A throbbing sensation in the abdomen Back pain Abdominal pain Coughing Loss of voice Breathing difficulties Problems swallowing Blood loss and failure of major organs such as kidneys Pulsing in the abdomen Mycotic aneurysms are those caused by bacterial and fungal infections that have damaged any artery Atherosclerotic aneurysms are caused by build up in the arteries Symptoms of a ruptured cerebral aneurysm Symptoms of an aneurysm Usually when an aneurysm hasn't ruptured no symptoms will occur until the aneurysm gets larger and begins pressing on nearby vital structures. How can I prevent getting an aneurysm? MRI stands for Magnetic Resonance Imaging and is a test that uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to get images of organs or structures inside the body. Usually MRIs are used get images that will give different information than ultrasounds, X-rays or CT scans. The symptoms of an aneurysm depend on both the location and whether or not the aneurysm has ruptured... Endovascular coiling Double vision Dilated pupils Pain above and behind the eye Sudden headaches Aortic aneurysms were the primary cause of 10 597 deaths in 2009 and a factor in more than 17 215 deaths. Who can be affected by an aneurysm? Aneurysms can also be classified because of their causes... During this type of aneurysm surgery the aneurysm is actually removed entirely. Clamps are placed both above and below the aneurysm before it is cut out and removed. Then a surgeon will insert a fabric tube or graft where the aneurysm was removed and sew it onto both sides of the aorta before the rest of the chest is closed up again. Surgical clipping Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) are often called the "silent killer" as symptoms usually don't occur. If surgical clipping isn't possible a surgeon will block of the aneurysm and use an artery (usually from the leg) to attach above the blocked artery/aneurysm and bypass the blood flow to the aneurysm through the graft. Surgical clipping Endovascular coiling Artery occlusion and bypass Aortic aneurysm surgery This specific surgery is less invasive than surgical clipping. It involves a surgeon inserting a hollow plastic tube through an artery, usually the groin, and feeding it through the body to the aneurysm. Using the hollow tube the surgeon inserts a guide wire to push a softer wire into the aneurysm which then coils up and by disrupting the blood flow causes it to clot and essentially seals of the aneurysm. An aneurysm is an enlarged blood vessel (artery) which balloons out and swells at its weakest point either from damage or a weakness in the blood vessel's wall. Weaknesses in the artery walls that usually are present since birth Hypertension/high blood pressure Arteriosclerosis where cholesterol, platelets, fibrin, and other substances build up on the arterial wall Sudden severe headaches Nausea Vomiting Problems with eyesight Seizures Loss of consciousness Confusion Drooping of eyelids Stiff neck Sensitivity to light What is an MRI? A CT scan or a CAT scan is a computerized test that takes many 2D X-ray pictures of the inside of a section in the body to create a whole 3D image using a series of beams that move in an arc which creates a much more detailed that an X-ray image. Before a CT scan a patient will usually consume a barium meal if the CT scan is going to be looking at the abdomen as the dye in the liquid appears white on screen which makes the image much clearer. During a surgical clipping the surgeon will clip of an aneurysm using a tiny metal clip on the neck of the aneurysm that stops blood flow to it. Usually this surgery is done for cerebral aneurysms. They remove a section of the skull to get better access to the aneurysm in order to clip it off. This surgery can be done on either ruptured or unruptured aneurysms. There are two main types of aneurysms: Aortic aneurysms which occur in the aorta OR... Cerebral aneurysms which occur in an artery in the brain Aneurysms that are larger than 2.54cm are called "Giant" aneurysms. Marfan syndrome (a genetic disorder of connective tissue
Transcript: An abnormal bulge or ballooning in the wall of an artery caused by the pressure of blood flowing through a weakened area. The weakening may be the result of disease, injury, or a congenital defect of the arterial wall. It is not clear exactly what causes aneurysms. Some are detectable at birth. Aneurysms can occur at the aorta, the brain, leg behind the knee, intestine, and the artey in the spleen. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and cigarette smoking may raise your risk for aneurysms. They can be easily located depending on the location of the aneurysm. However if they are within the body or in the brain, they have no symptoms. Once aneurysms rupture, they have a high risk of death. They can be congenital or you can develop it by smoking or having a high blood pressure. If your aneurysm ruptures you experience severe pain and shock and emergency surgery is needed to stop the bleeding Aneurysm
Transcript: CT scan: identify bleeding in the brain CTA scan: more precise method of CT scan; produces images of blood vessels MRA: magnetic field and pulses of radio energy provide pictures of blood vessels bulging, weak area in the wall of an artery that supplies blood to the brain Diagnosis By: Aashna Patel Sources Symptoms of Brain Aneurysms 1. Coli embolization 2. Surgical clipping Brain Aneurysm Treatment Most of the time, there are no symptoms Unruptured brain aneurysms: blurred vision changes in speech neck pain severe headaches Ruptured brain aneurysms: sudden, severe headache neck pain nausea and vomiting light sensitivity fainting or loss of consciousness seizures Atherosclerosis Aging Family history Previous history of aneurysm Gender: women Race: African Americans Hypertension Smoking Causes of Brain Aneurysms Brain Aneurysm 1. http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/brain-aneurysm-topic-overview
Transcript: major organs are lungs,and heart effects the circulatory system risk how you get this disease This system carrys blood to the heart and to the brainalso to other important places You could get am genetic disorder also if not treated than can erupt and it can cause you to die Circulatory Aneurysm You get aneurysm by atherosclerosis.
Transcript: It’s a balloon like bulge in the wall of an artery. If it bursts, it can lead to DEATH. There are 2 main types. 1) Aortic Aneurysm -Abdominal -Thoracic 2) Cerebral Aneurysm High Blood Pressure Genetic Mutation of genes Throbbing mass in abdomen Painful when pressed Rushing blood flow lowers blood pressure relaxes blood vessels Lowers risk of it rupturing Open-chest repair That's all. Prevention: Trauma Exercise Aneurysm? Ex) Car Accident Trouble breathing /swallowing Healthy Diet MEDICINE Any tests? Angiography Diagnosis: Treatment: Deep pain in abdomen MRI Aging Family History Smoking What's Pain in jaw, neck, back, or chest rapid heart rate when standing CT Scan Ultrasound Causes: body goes in shock SURGERY Symptoms:
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