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Aerospace Presentation

Transcript: Fifty-two computers control the systems on the ISS. The same rocket fuel that helps launch the space shuttle is now being used to save lives— by destroying land mines. A flare device, using leftover fuel donated by NASA, is placed next to the uncovered land mine and ignited from a safe distance using a battery-triggered electric match. The End. Thank you. Space Shuttle Space Shuttle Program alone has generated more than 100 technology spinoffs Facts & Figures 30 years of missions First launch: April 12, 1981 (officially out of commission April 12, 2011) There were 135 missions in total http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/shuttlemissions/archives/sts-51L.html http://www.nasa.govpdf/566250main_2011.07.05%20SHUTTLE%20ERA%20FACTS.pdf http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/upgrades/index.html http://www.history.nasa.gov/shuttlehistory.html http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/behindscenes/index.html#.VBZaKECiokP http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/station/main/onthestation/facts_and_figures.html#.VBZaI0CiokP http://www.nasa.gov/centers/langley/news/factsheets/Contributions.html The ISS (International Space Station) and the Space Shuttle Image, Construction, & Purpose Artificial Heart International Space Station JAXA aims both to "Stimulate the curiosity of children, cultivating their spirits, and encouraging their passion to pursue craftsmanship" Some of the Technology Spinoffs. http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/the_shuttle/ Lines of Computer Code: approximately 2.3 million The Space Shuttle(s): NASA Langley Research The ISS: the United states & Russia ESA, Canada, Japan, Brazil The Six Shuttles: Enterprise(never flew in space), Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Endeavor and Atlantis Who? Infrared Camera Colombia: its 28th mission, during re-entry it broke apart Challenger: its 10th mission when a seal on one of its boosters failed and hot gas burned through the external tank, igniting the propellants and causing the shuttle to break up in the resulting explosion A sensitive infrared hand-held camera that observes the blazing plumes from the Shuttle also is capable of scanning for fires. During the brush fires that ravaged Malibu, CA in 1996, the camera was used to point out hot spots for firefighters. Humanity's first reusable space craft The Shuttle & the ISS the two most renowned manned space research advancements that have been used for the studying in and of space Land Mine Removal Device Power Generation: 8 solar arrays = 84 kilowatts - spans more than half an acre Links/Works Cited The technology used in space shuttle fuel pumps led to the development of a miniaturized ventricular assist pump by NASA and renowned heart surgeon Dr. Michael DeBakey The tiny pump -- 2-inches long, 1-inch in diameter and weighing less than four ounces has been successfully implanted into more than 20 people Manned Flight Space Research Life Saving Light The Image, Construction & Purpose Special lighting technology developed for plant growth experiments on space shuttle missions is being studied to treat brain tumors in children. Doctors are working with light emitting diodes in a treatment called photodynamic therapy, a form of chemotherapy, to kill cancerous tumors. every 90 minutes it completes orbit Space Shuttle Launch : STS-129 planned to provide transportation, maintenance, and act as a staging base for possible future missions to the Moon, Mars and asteroids The life of the shuttle program has cost $113.7 billion Fun & Not-so-fun Facts A total of 180 spacewalks; totaling over 1,130 hours, or approximately 47 days parts launched into space and put together, or shuttles would transfer pieces and parts Fun & Not-so-fun Facts Cntd. Enterprise Columbia Challenger Discovery Atlantis Endeavor It has a: pressurized living and working space approximately equivalent to the volume of a 747 jumbo-jet or a conventional five-bedroom house can accommodate up to seven astronauts a gymnasium, two bathrooms, and a bay window

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Transcript: Death rate 2012: 12.84 deaths/1,000 population (World ranking: 22) Infant (Child Mortality) Total: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births (world ranking: 10) HIV/AIDS (2) Appropriate Technology Landlocked country Great African Rift Valley system: East – Lake Malawi South – mountains, tropical palm-lined beaches Mainly a large plateau, with some hills Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) Almost 1 million people have AIDS 60% of these are female Declining in urban areas, Rising in rural areas Leading cause of death amongst adults Contributes to the low life expectancy: 54.2 years 209th ranking (One of the lowest) 500,000 children have been orphaned due to AIDs Micro-finance Policy Framework and Strategies (Health SWAp) increasing the availability and accessibility of antenatal services; utilization of skilled health personnel during pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal period at all levels of the health system; strengthening the capacity of individuals and institutions to improve maternal and neonatal health; increasing the number of skilled health personnel; constructing and upgrading health facilities to offer essential health services particularly focusing on rural and underserved areas; and provision of ARVs and micronutrients during pregnancy. Geography of Malawi CCST 9004 Appropriate Technology for the Developing World Indicator 3: Literacy Rate of 15 – 24 year-olds According to the World Bank, microfinance is defined as: Microfinance is the provision of financial services to the entrepreneurial poor.This definition has two important features:it emphasizes a range of financial services—not just credit— and it emphasizes the entrepreneurial poor. Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education Appropriate Technology: SIRDAMAIZE 113 Population: 16,777,547 (estimated in July 2013) Population growth rate: 2.758% (2012 est.) (World ranking: 18) Age structure Children: 50% of total population HIV/AIDS Human Resources Education Poverty Food Insecurity Erratic Rainfall Patterns/Droughts Corruption Lack of Foreign Investment Languages Indicator 5: Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliaments Central Region: 1-9 (Yellow) *Capital: Lilongwe Northern Region: 10-15 (Red) Southern Region: 16-27 (Green) Lake Malawi (Blue) Land surface area 45,747 square miles Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leadinto absenteeism, especially among girls who take care of the sick · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. Malawi – Climate/Agriculture Trading partners: South Africa, Zambia, China, US Challenges: · shortage of qualified primary school teachers; · inadequate physical infrastructure; · poor retention of girls mainly from standard five to eight; · high disease burden due to HIV and AIDS consequently leading to absenteeism especially among girls who take care of the sick; and · poor participation of school committees and their communities in school management. · Poverty levels are high in rural areas. 1 Doctor per 50,000 people Hinders the ability to deliver medical services to people in need Reason: Emigration Lack of access to education Aggravated by AIDS > 4 nurses are lost each month This also affects other sectors: Government Business Farmers Human Resources HIV/AIDS - Contemporary GDP: US $14.58 billion (2012 est.) (World ranking: 142) Labor force: agriculture: 90%; industry and services: 10% (2003 est.) Countries main income Agriculture Main crops: maize, tobacco, tea, sugar cane, groundnuts, cotton, wheat, coffee, and rice Industry: tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods Challenges: limited capacity in terms of human and material resources to facilitate adult literacy and continuing education; early marriages perpetuated by socioeconomic factors; socio–cultural factors that make people believe that men should be leaders while women are followers; and, poor learning environment which affects girls in primary and secondary schools e.g. sanitary facilities, long distances to education facilities, extra burden from domestic chores especially for adolescent girls resulting into high dropout rate. 1964: Independent from Britain Indicator 1: Maternal Mortality Ratio Malawi Demographics Problems - Outline Indicator 4: Share of Women in Wage Employment in the Non- Agriculture Sector measure of employment opportunities ( i.e equal proportions of men and women in formal employment) Yet, more women participate in the agriculture sector than in the formal wage employment especially in jobs that require professional qualifications. Due to: literacy levels, gender disparity and cultural values. Facts About the Product: Drought tolerant maize variant Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas 136 days to mature Normally: 150 – 180 days Able to mature under limited rainfall Suitable for marginal rainfall areas

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