Transcript: Consumer and Popular Culture Automobile Production Credit Buildings Traditionalism and Modernism Clash Changes in Society Women equals rights Was a time when African Americans migrated to the North for better jobs, wages, and social conditions. Led to the creation of Jazz and other kinds of literature. Many saw immigration as a threat to their position in the nation. A group of angry men in Georgia started up the Ku Klux Klan once again. Women's Role in Society She was more liberated and wore shorter dresses and more make up. Not all women were flappers but they wanted more control over their lives. Some women entered the workforce and others gave time to charitable work or joined book clubs. The overall affect was the enlargement of the intellectual world of women. New products were available for housewives. Dishwashers and vacuum cleaners made house work easier for them. Harlem Renaissance Was the most prominent new African American leader to emerge in the 1920s. He formed the Universal Negro Improvement Association to promote black pride and black-run businesses in America. Harlem attracted African American Novelists, essayists, and poets from all over. These writers told of the joys and pains of being black in America which left a legacy that spoke to all Americans. Jazz was formed in the 1920s by African Americans based on improvisation. Louis Armstrong was one of the greatest Jazz musicans of this era. Politics A transferring of control over the Navy's emergency oil reserves to private oilmen in exchange for bribes. Albert Fall, Secretary of the Interior, was sentenced to a year in prison for his part in the scandal and the reserves were returned to government control . A United States loan to Germany so that the German people could in turn make reparations to France and England. The reparations France and England received were then passed back to the United States until the Stock Market Clash of 1929, when U.S. money dried up and could not give any more to Germany. The Eighteen Amendment forbade the manufacture, distribution, and sale od alcohol anywhere in the United States. It led to overwhelming crime and corruption throughout the U.S. until it was repealed in 1933 with the Twenty-First Amendment. Sports and National Heroes Increased newspaper readership and the rise of the radio coverage of baseball games led to the popularity of major leaque baseball player Babe Ruth. In the 1920's when baseball was suffering from gambling scandals, Ruth's amazing home runs and great appeal helped win back the fans. In May of 1927, Charles Lindbergh took off from Long Island, New York in his plane The Spirit for Paris, France. He was first pilot ever to fly over the Atlantic Ocean on a solo trip that took 33 1/2 hours. Sigmund Freud was an Austrian Psychologist who modernized psychology and was the first to arque that much of human behavior is driven not by rational thought, but by unconscious desires. Books, Movies and Radio The most popular silent film star not only in the United States, but in the world. One of his most popular roles was in the Little Tramp. Wrote The Great Gatsby and explored the reality of the American Dream and how it surrounded the ideas of wealth, success, and emotional fulfillment. In the 1920s radio became a powerful tool to help the culture become more standardized. People across the United States were listening to the same music and radio programs. 1920s Presentation The Flapper Charlie Chaplin The consumer revolution was jumpstarted by people taking advantage of installment buying. People who did not have enough cash could buy what they wanted with this credit boosting the market for new household products and appliances. Sigmund Freud F. Scott Fitzgerald The Jazz Age Benefited from consumer economy Guglielmo Marconi Women entered the workforce Eighteenth Amendment Urban and Rural Americans argued over many subjects such as the importance of education, religion, and the teaching evolution in schools. With the nineteeth amendment passed, woman still worked hard in reform movements, ran for office, and fought for laws to protect women and children in the workplace. A more militant position demanded complete economic, social, and politional equality with men. Dawes Plan African American Literature Flowers Charles Lindbergh Teapot Dome scandal Babe Ruth Opposition to immigration "Black Consciousness" Marcus Garvey Henry Ford made the automobile affordable for the average American. Gas stations, highways, advertising and even the vacation industries were all booming from the accessibility of the automoble.
Transcript: Sources: (Wikimedia, Teapot Dome scandal) (Wikimedia, Warren G.Harding) (Wikimedia, The great depression) 1920's presentation Facts about Warren G. Harding: Ran for president in 1920;succeeded Woodrow Wilson. Person: Warren G harding Warren G. Harding's impacts on the 1920's Committed tax cuts that were great short term, but terrible long term.Was partially responsible for great depression that happened during the 1920's-1930's, and was also responsible for the prohibition(banning of alcohol),even though he was considered to be a drinker at white house parties. "Less government in business and more business in government".
Transcript: Dr Pepper is a new and very delicious drink that is made up of various sugars and juices to ensure that anyone from 7 to 77 gets the right amount of energy that he or she needs to get through the day. It is best that this drink be consumed between 10-2 and 4 to ensure that you are getting through the day at these times in which the human body has proven to have drops in sugar which is energy needed to keep going. Buy a bottle or two at your local store! Dr Pepper WHEATIES Wheaties ; "the breakfast of champions". If you want to be just like the pros then you should start off with Wheaties. This cereal is made up of sugar, malt syrup, and salt. This will ensure that anyone who wants to be like the pros, exercise, and stay healthy are getting the right start to doing just that. Buy a box at your local grocer!
Transcript: Dancing and Dances of the 1920s Prezi by: Megan Shattles 7-Y Thesis: Upbeat music, dance marathons, and specific dance crazes contributed to the importance of dancing in the nineteen twenties. Primary Source: An advertisement from the 1900's for a dance marathon http://gremsdoolittlelibrary.blogspot.com/ This is a picture of Louis Armstong. Very famous trumpet player. Harlem Cotton Club in NYC. Many jazz musicians performed here. Couple enjoying a dance marathon. Both are joyful and excited. Couple looks very tired. Clinging on to each other. Two teenagers enjoying dancing to Charleston. Dancing where ever they can. Many people dancing to the Charleston. Most likely in a speakeasy. Key Points: 1. Louis Armstrong was one of the most famous trumpet players 2. Bix Beirderbecke was also a famous white trumpet player 3. Jazz began in New Orleans, Louisiana 4. Dance marathons could occur in commercial ball rooms 5. Many people participated in dance marathons Five more facts: 6. Lasted for days or even weeks 7. Charleston dance started in Charleston, South Carolina 8. Took Americans by storm, everyone knew about this dance 9. At first, flappers danced to this dance 10. Kicking and moving legs was involved What a Wonderful World- Louis Armstrong
Transcript: Changes in the Lives of 1920s Women, and How They Were Influenced Presented by Christopher J. Peterson, Catherine Heffernan, and Kayla DeRosa Women's Life Before the 20's Women's Life Before the 20's Influence from the War Influence from the War Influence in Society Influence in Society - The 19th Amendment was passed granted women the right to vote took decades of protest to achieve this New Social Expectations and Laws New Social Expectations and Laws Views of Conservatives Views of Conservatives The New Way of Life The New Way of Life Fashion in the 20's Fashion in the 20's
Transcript: Mickey Mouse is a funny animal cartoon character created in 1928 by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks at the Walt Disney Studios. Mickey is an anthropomorphic mouse who typically wears red shorts, large yellow shoes, and white gloves. As the official mascot of The Walt Disney Company, Mickey is one of the most recognizable cartoon characters in the world Charles Lindbergh made the first solo airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean. He left Roosevelt Field in New York on 20 May 1927, piloting a plane named The Spirit of St. Louis. 33 1/2 hours later he landed in Paris to a hero's welcome and permanent international fame In early 1927, during dinner at the home of M-G-M's studio chief Louis B. Mayer, Mayer and three of his guests – actor Conrad Nagel, director Fred Niblo and producer Fred Beetson – began talking about creating an organized group to benefit the entire film industry. They planned another dinner for the following week, with invitees from all the creative branches of the film industry. Gave ot its first award on October 29, 1929, which are not called "Oscars" until 1931. Henry Ford The first celebration of the Winter Olympics was held in Chamonix, France, in 1924. The original sports were alpine and cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined, ski jumping and speed skating. The Games were held every four years from 1924 until 1936, after which they were interrupted by World War II. February 14, in 1929, seven men of a rival gang were gunned down in cold blood in a garage in Chicago. The massacre, orchestrated by Al Capone, shocked the nation by its brutality and made Capone a national celebrity. August 2, 1923 The 29th President, Warren G. Harding dies do to a heart attack. Coolidge is sworn in on August 3, 1923 in Washington after the result of Harding's death. AL Capone August 3, 1927. Two anarchists ( see anarchism), Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, who were convicted of a robbery and two murders in Massachusetts in the early 1920s and sentenced to death. Sacco and Vanzetti were born in Italy but had been living in the United States for years when they were tried. Louis Armstrong The Butler Act- A 1925 law made in Tennessee prohibiting teachers from teaching evolution in any state-funded school. Bessie Smith The Roaring Twenties France The lights in New York have been attracting people like flies for the longest time all because of Mr. Edison Academy of motion Pictures Arts Amelia Earhart Sacco and Vanzetti Babe Ruth was an American baseball player who spent 22 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) playing for three teams (1914–1935). Known for his hitting brilliance, Ruth set career records in his time for home runs was the first player to hit 60 home runs in one season (1927) Walt disney 19th Amendment President Nicknamed The Empress of the Blues, Smith was the most popular female blues singer of the 1920s and 1930s. She is often regarded as one of the greatest singers of her era and, along with Louis Armstrong, a major influence on other jazz vocalists Charles Lindbergh Bootlegger- Someone who made and sold alcohol illegally. Nicknamed "Satchmo" or "Pops" Jazz trumpeter ans singer form New Orleans One of the first famous African American entertainers to "cross Over." was an American gangster who led a Prohibition-era crime syndicate. The Chicago Outfit, which subsequently also became known as the "Capones," was dedicated to smuggling and bootlegging liquor, and other illegal activities such as prostitution, in Chicago from the early 1920s Prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920. The Constitution allows the states to determine the qualifications for voting, and until the 1910s most states disenfranchised women. The amendment was the culmination of the women's suffrage movement in the United States, which fought at both state and national levels to achieve the vote. Stock Market crash Vocab 1920's St. Francis Dam The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was a famous American legal case in 1925 in which a high school teacher, John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school The Jazz Age Thomas Edison was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. St. Valentines day Massacre At two and a half minutes before midnight on March 12, 1928 the dam failed catastrophically and the resulting flood killed up to 600 people. The collapse of the St. Francis Dam is considered to be one of the worst American civil engineering failures of the 20th century and remains the second-greatest loss of life in California's history, after the 1906 San Francisco
Transcript: Abenezer Bereha Consumerism The 1920s was a decade in America characterized by new inventions and people buying a lot of stuff.It was also characterized by a new law that passed that allowed women to vote. Intro Intro -It is a buying which a consumer places a deposit on an item to "lay it away" for later pick-up when they are financially positioned to pay off the balance. What does it mean to purchase on layaway/installment buying? Consumerism Was The idea that Americans should continue to buy product and goods in outrageous numbers. PICTURES Prohibition in the United States was a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages from 1920 to 1933.The 18th Amendment Declared the production, transport, and sale of intoxicating liquors illegal, though it did not outlaw the actual consumption of alcohol. Prohibition Prohibition Prohibition in the US had negative impact because the sums of money being exchanged during the dry era(Prohibition) proved a corrupting influence in both the federal Bureau of Prohibition and at the state and local level. Prohibition also caused a lot of violence. Impact on the United States KKK This is a controversy because the KKK grew by a significant amount in the 1920s.By the middle of the decade, estimates for national membership in this secret organization ranged from three million to as high as eight million Klansmen. And membership was not limited to the poor and uneducatted. Controversy Controversy Impact It changed America in many ways.For example it changed buying habits in the United States.A lot of inventions were made in the 1920s that we still use today.For example cars were invented in the 1920s.The cars brought the need for good roads.Jazz also evolved in the 1920s. how did the 1920s impacts the us
Transcript: Some of the most popular dances performed by flappers were "the Tango, the Black Bottom and the biggest dance craze of all—the Charleston" (Pick, Margaret) Fashion Works Cited What is a Flapper? "A young woman, especially one who, during the 1920s, behaved and dressed in a boldly unconventional manner." As fashion was quickly evolving into a looser style, music was evolving into quicker, faster paced jazz. “jazz dances inspired young women to leave their corsets at home—and loosen up” (Pick, Margaret). Coco Chanel - French fashion designer - Trademark suits and little black dresses - Wanted comfortable clothes for women Flappers were a huge impact on the changes of the twenties. Their skirts were higher, their music was faster, and their dancing was more flamboyant. They changed the idea of what a woman should look, act, dress and dance like and they abolished any lingering traces of the cult of domesticity. “Fashion is not something that exists in dresses only. Fashion is in the sky, in the street, fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is happening” (Coco Chanel). Flappers had a huge impact on the women's suffrage movement. They acted out in "unladylike" ways and launched an era of feminism. Their dancing to fast paced jazz began an evolution of music culture that was completely different from the Victorian era. In the end, they were just rebellious teens who were trying to break away from the prerequisites of their parents “Women's fashions of the 1920s are a large part of the Jazz Age identity” - Less tailoring leading to an abandonment of the corset - A tubular silhouette erased the typical feminine shape - Dropped waistlines created a long, slim figure - Shorter hemlines made it easier to drive cars and move quickly" (Monet, Dolores) “The symbols of the jazz age – its clothes, music and dancing – had to cut across social barriers” (Mackrell, Judith) Flappers were dancing to jazz music from musicians like Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington Lasting Impact Clara Bow - Wore cloche hats - Thin eyebrows, dark eye makeup - Heart shaped lips I selected this topic because I love flappers and what they stand for. They changed the way women dress, act, and dance. The Roaring Twenties was one of my favorite decades to learn about as it was often centered around the change in feminism and how women were not trapped in the cult of domesticity anymore. Parents during the 1920s were still living in their Victorian ideologies. When they saw flappers dancing wildly to loud jazz, they were appalled. "Everyone blamed it on the music" (Pick, Margaret). The flappers coaxed the evolution of music by continuing to dance to jazz; to the horror of their elders. Flappers & The Evolution of Fashion, Dance, and Music - Boland, Jesse. “1920s Fashion: Style in The Jazz Age.” 1920s Fashion: Styles of The Roaring Twenties, 15 Apr. 2012, www.1920s-fashion-and-music.com/1920s-fashion.html. - “Flapper.” Dictionary.com, Dictionary.com, www.dictionary.com/browse/flappers. - Mackrell, Judith. “When Flappers Ruled the Earth: How Dance Helped Women's Liberation.”The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 29 Apr. 2013, www.theguardian.com/stage/2013/apr/29/dance-womens-liberation-flappers-1920s. - Monet, Dolores. “Women's Fashions of the 1920s - Flappers and the Jazz Age.” Bellatory, Bellatory, 30 July 2017, bellatory.com/fashion-industry/WomensFashionsofthe1920-FlappersandtheJazz-Age. - Pick, Margaret Moos. “Speakeasies, Flappers & Red Hot Jazz: Music of the Prohibition.”Riverwalk Jazz - Stanford University Libraries, 2005, riverwalkjazz.stanford.edu/program/speakeasies-flappers-red-hot-jazz-music-prohibition. “This social change of the 1920s is reflected in the fashion and also gave rise to some of the most famous, fashionable and dangerous people of the decade” (Boland, Jesse) Clara Bow and Coco Chanel were some of the most famous flapper fashion icons throughout the 1920s Flappers brought about a change from the strict and modest Victorian era to a looser and more flamboyant time. The way they dressed was one of the biggest differences from the past generation
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