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The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

A presentation on the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing.
by

Mikaela Boutilier

on 16 December 2010

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Transcript of The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

The triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing What is the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing? The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing or Triple Crown is a series of three horse races
There is a Triple Crown series in 14 countries including Canada
All Triple Crowns are restricted to three year old thoroughbreds but some countries have special triple Crowns for two year olds or Fillies only
All races are run over flat surface but they can be run on turf, dirt or synthetic tracks
A horse must win all three races to be considered a Triple Crown champion The Canadian Triple Crown Only thoroughbreds that have been foaled in Canada can compete in the Canadian Triple Crown
The Canadian Triple Crown is unlike any other Triple Crown because each race is run over a different track surface
The first race or leg in the Canadian Triple Crown is the Queen's Plate which is run over a synthetic surface called Polytrack
The second leg is the Prince of Wales Stakes which is run over dirt
The final leg of the series is the Breeders Stakes which is run over a turf track
The Canadian Triple Crown was first established in 1959
There have been a total of seven Canadian Triple Crown winners The History of the Queen's Plate The queen’s plate is North America’s oldest horse race and was first run on Wednesday, June 27, 1860
The Queen's Plate is 1 1/4 miles long and is run at the Woodbine Racetrack on Polytrack
A limit of 17 horses per race was made in 1995 for safety reasons
The first running of the Queen's Plate was at the Carleton race track
In 1959 Sir Casimir Gzowski and Thomas Patteson partitioned Queen Victory to grant a plate for a race in Ontario
Later Sir Casimir Gzowski and Thomas Patteson convinced the Queen to visit the race herself
After this, horseracing was often referred to as the sport of royalty The Prince of Wales Stakes The Prince of Wales Stakes is the only race in the Canadian Triple Crown that is run over a dirt track
In 1959 the Prince of Wales stakes became the premier race for the Fort Eire Racetrack
Later that same year the Prince of Wales became the second leg of the Canadian Triple Crown
Before 1959, the race was known as the Prince of Wales Plate
The First running of the Prince of Wales Plate was in 1929
When the Race first started it struggled to earn money, one year they didn't get any bets on the race at all The Breeders Stakes The Breed Stakes is the only leg run over a turf or grass track
The race was first run 1889 and became the third leg of the Triple Crown 70 years later
Breeders Stakes is held at the Woodbine race track on the E.P. Taylor turf course
The Breeders Stakes is 1 1/2 miles long
In 1994 the race was held at the Fort Eire Racetrack and was only 1 5/8 miles because of repairs at the Woodbine Racetrack History of Flat Horseracing Horse racing first originated among the prehistoric nomadic tribesmen of central Africa thousands of years ago
The First modern horseracing started in the 12th century
English nights returning from crusades would race Arabians
Arabians and English mares were bred to make Thoroughbreds
These were two horse races with private bets
Horse racing became a professional sport in England in the 1700's, this is when horses started racing in groups
In the 1750's a Jockeys Club was made to regulate races
They traced the lineage of all Thoroughbreds and found all had bloodlines from The Byerley Turf, the Godolphin Arabian, and the Darley Arabian who came to be called the foundation sires
Around this time, racing became big in America and the first track was built
In the 1800's an American Jockey Club was made to resemble that of the Jockey Club in England
By 1890 there were 314 tracks in America
In the 1900's racing was almost wiped out when betting became illegal
Later, pari-mutual betting was introduced for the Kentucky Derby and racing started to grow again
Now days, horse racing is the second most widely attended spectator sport in America Life of a Racehorse A horse’s gestation period is around 11 months
Mares are bred to foal in February to July so the foal is born as close to new years but not before because in racing all thoroughbred birthdays are January 1st
A racehorses life usually starts there life on a stud farm at this point the young thoroughbred is called a foal
When the horse is one year old it is known as a yearling and is prepared for a yearling auction where a training farm will buy the horse
At the training farm the yearling is taught to be handed, groomed, tacked up and halter broken
After the horse can be ridden it is taught to walk, trot, canter and is taught to gallop on its own and with other horse
After it is taught to run from the starting gate, this is when the horse is ready to race
A horse starts to race when it is two but some start at the age of three
All of the large races are in the three years old season including the Triple Crown
A racehorse career is usually over at the age of four but some horses will go on to race at the 7 or later The End
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