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Ancient Civilizations

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Kara Audette

on 18 December 2013

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Transcript of Ancient Civilizations

Ancient Civilizations
Rome, Italy
Athens, Greece
Cairo, Egypt
Ancient Civilizations of the Mediterranean
MN State Standards
Social Studies
3.4.3.9.1: Compare and contrast daily life for people living in ancient times in at least three different regions of the world.
3.4.3.7.1: Explain how the environment influenced the settlement of ancient peoples in three different regions of the world.
3.4.3.8.1: Identify methods of communication used by peoples living in ancient times in three different regions of the world.
3.4.2.5.1: Identify examples of individuals or groups who have had an impact on world history; explain how their actions helped shape the world around them.
3.4.1.3.1: Explain how an invention of the past changed life at that time, including positive, negative and unintended outcomes.
MN State Standards
Language Arts
3.2.1.1: Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers
3.2.3.3: Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect
3.2.4.4: Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a 3rd grade topic or subject area
3.2.7.7: Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photos) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur)
3.6.2.2: Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly
3.6.3.3: Write narrative and other creative texts to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive details and clear even sequences
3.6.7.7: Conduct short research projects that build knowledge about a topic

MN State Standards
Fine Arts
0.1.1.5.1: Identify the elements of visual art including color, line, shape, texture and space.
0.1.2.5.1: Identify the tools, materials and techniques from a variety of two- and three-dimensional media such as drawing, printmaking, ceramics or sculpture.
0.2.1.2.1: Create original media artworks to express ideas, experiences or stories.
0.2.1.5.1: Create original two- and three- dimensional artworks to express ideas, experiences or stories.
0.3.1.2.1: Share and describe a personal media artwork.
0.3.1.5.1: Share and describe a personal artwork.


Students will be able to...
(Bloom's Taxonomy)

List
Relate
State
Tell
Compare
Contrast
Describe
Discuss
Essential Questions
What was daily life like for the Ancient Egyptians?
What were the common forms of art and architecture in Ancient Egypt?
What were the afterlife beliefs and practices of the Ancient Egyptians?
Which writing system did Ancient Egyptians invent to record their history?
What was daily life like for the Ancient Greeks?
What were the common forms of art and architecture in Ancient Greece?
What were the popular beliefs of the Ancient Greeks?
What did the Ancient Greeks contribute to modern sports?
Why are legends important to the history of a people or place?
Why was Rome's Location so favorable?
What was daily life like for the early Romans?
What were the common forms of art and architecture in Ancient Rome?

Ancient Egypt
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Inquiry Based Lesson:
Where to Rome?
Why was Rome's Location so favorable?
Map No. 1
Map No. 2
Journal:
Pick one of the following and explain how it helped Rome grow into an Empire:
Mild climate
Good farmland
Strategic location
Hills & Mountains
Peninsula
Mediterranean Sea
Tiber River
Daily Life
What was daily life like for the Ancient Egyptians?
Read-Aloud
Social Pyramid
Vocabulary
Pharaoh
Vizier
Priest
Noble
Soldiers
Scribes
Merchants
Craftsmen
Peasants
Slaves
Art & Architecture
What were the common forms of art and architecture in Ancient Egypt?
Partner Activity:
Investigate a work of Egyptian art or architecture to share with the class. Consider the following questions:
Who made it?
What materials were used?
How long did it take to make?
What/who was it made for?
Does it tell a story?
Kinesthetic Lesson:
Ancient Egyptian Beliefs
What were the afterlife beliefs and practices of the Ancient Egyptians?
Mummify your neighbor!
You will have 5 minutes and 1 roll of toilet paper to mummify each other! The most realistic looking mummy pair wins!
Mummy at the Minnesota Science Museum
Hieroglyphics
Which writing system did Ancient Egyptians invent to record their history?
The Egyptian Alphabet
Journal:
Write your name & a short message!
Can you decode the message engraved on the tomb?
Daily Life
Art & Architecture
What were the common forms of art and architecture in Ancient Greece?
Beliefs
What were the popular beliefs of the Ancient Greeks?
Athletics
What did the Ancient Greeks contribute to modern sports?
What was daily life like for the Ancient Greeks?
Read-Aloud
Open Exploration
http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/dailylife/explore/exp_set.html
Spartan Schooling
Would you like to go to "spartan school"? Why or why not?
Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt +
Ancient Greece
Ancient Egypt +
Ancient Rome
Ancient Egypt +
Ancient Rome +
Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece +
Ancient Rome
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Pottery
Sculpture
Temples
Questions for Class Discussion
Pottery
Does this work seem more or less colorful than the Egyptian art?
What kind of story do you think the artist is trying to tell?
Sculpture
What do you think the Ancient Greeks considered beautiful?
Do the proportions seem more or less correct?
Temples
What do you notice about the lines of this temple?
Small Group Activity
In table groups, read your assigned Greek myth and prepare a short skit to act out for the class.
Name that God!
_____ Son of Rhea and Cronus, Zeus leads his siblings in a war against their father. When he wins, he becomes king of the gods.
_____The wife of Zeus. She is a strong and wise goddess who is often jealous of her husband's interest in other humans.
_____A Titan who loses in the war against Zeus and his siblings. His punishment is to hold the world on his shoulders for eternity.
_____A beautiful nymph whom Zeus desires. Hera punishes her by deciding that she shall never speak first; she only shall repeat what others say.
_____Goddess of love, also the mother of Cupid.
The Olympic Games
The 1st Marathon: Legend of Pheidippides
The name Marathon comes from the legend of Pheidippides, a Greek messenger. The legend states that he was sent from the battlefield of Marathon to Athens to announce that the Persians had been defeated in the Battle of Marathon. It is said that he ran the entire distance without stopping and burst into the assembly, exclaiming "Victory!" before collapsing and dying.
Daily Life
What was daily life like for the early Romans?
Read-Aloud
Social Structure
Art & Architecture
What were the common forms of art and architecture in Ancient Rome?
Buildings
Sculpture
Mosaic
Recreate an Iconic Image
Materials:
Colored paper
Scissors
Glue
Procedure:
Cut paper into small pieces, these will be your mosaic "tiles."
Piece together the tiles to make a mosaic of anything you like - be creative!
Glue the tiles down in place on a piece of paper.
Legend
Why are legends important to the history of a people or place?
Romulus & Remus
Romulus and Remus were twin brothers. They were abandoned by their parents as babies and put into a basket that was then placed into the River Tiber. The twins were discovered by a female wolf. The wolf nursed the babies for a short time before they were found by a shepherd. The shepherd then raised the twins.
Romulus & Remus Continued
When Romulus and Remus grew up, they decided to found a city where the wolf rescued them. The brothers fought over where the city should be and Romulus killed his brother Remus. This left Romulus the sole founder of the new city and he gave his name to it – Rome. The date given for the founding of Rome is 753 BC.
Journal:
Write a legend for the city you live in!
A few things to consider:
Rivers, lakes, mountains, & other physical features
Weather
Founding date
Painting
Masks
Tombs
Journal:
What social class would you have liked to be a part of and why?
Questions for Class Discussion
How do the lines of the Colosseum compare to the Parthanon we saw in Ancient Greece? The Pyramids of Ancient Egypt?
How does the Roman sculpture compare to the sculpture we saw in Ancient Greece?
Assessment
Thoughtful participation throughout the unit
Completion & originality of journal entries
Triple Venn diagram assessment
Identify
Recognize
Complete
Dramatize
Interpret
Categorize
Diagram
Distinguish
Evaluate
Support
Examine
Question
Construct
Create
Explain
"Parisian Dog"
Full transcript