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Transcript of Athletes Lifestyle
Athletes will have a varying amount of free time and it is up to them to decide what activities or events they do in their spare time.
Lifestyle Factors: Leisure Time
Lifestyle Factors: Leisure Time
Lifestyle Factors - Leisure Time
Performance Enhancing Drugs
Task: List as many PED's as you can...
Performance Enhancing Drugs
Task: Why might an athlete use recreational drugs?
Given a seven month ban for his positive test in 2004, Chelsea sacked the Romanian striker. Last summer Fifa ordered him to pay the club £13.4million compensation but he said he would appeal against the ruling.
Chelsea player to fall foul of the drugs testers, the Aussie keeper was banned for nine months in 2003 after cocaine traces were found in his sample. He blamed it on someone spiking his drink – but Chelsea still sacked him.
Different doping control agencies exist including representatives from individual countries such as USADA ,from America, and individual sport organisations. The World Anti Doping Association (WADA) overseas and tests world sport.
It is the responsibility of the athlete to keep up to date with newly listed controlled/illegal substances. This list is updated annually on the 1st of January.
Read through the case studies provided... do they change your opinion on drug testing and their punishments? What punishment if any do you think they should of been issued with?
With your assignment in mind... explain and analyse the effects of taking drugs.
Think about ... drug testing procedures, short/long term affects, the consequences, why might athletes turn to both PED's and recreational drugs.
What are the Effects of Alcohol?
Who are they?
What do they have in common?
Alcohol impairs muscle growth.
Not only does working out under the influence increase your likelihood of injury, but it can also impede muscle growth. Long-term alcohol use diminishes protein synthesis, resulting in a decrease in muscle growth. Even short-term alcohol use can affect your muscles.
History of Drugs in Sport
Sport has a history of drug abuse.
Athletes in both Greece and Rome took substances to improve their performance.
A problem at both amateur and professional levels.
Factors leading to an increase in drug abuse are: advances in biology and medicine, the use of drugs in World War 2, and the development and availability of testosterone, steroids and growth hormones since the 1950’s.
The Drug Debate
Over to you...
The side effects of drug use are dangerous/permanent;
Young/uninformed performers may be tempted to use them without understanding
the consequences/role model effect;
Performers may be forced/encouraged to use them by coaches/pressure of the performers;
Sport is about the utilisation/development of natural talents;
Use of drugs falls outside the concept;
The battle against drugs is expensive/time consuming;
Drug detection is ineffective/always behind the chemists/playing catch up;
The line between a nutritional supplement and a drug is difficult to define;
The sacrifices that a performer is prepared to make to achieve success is a personal decision;
Leads to high performance/therefore more attractive to spectators/sponsors.
Level playing field same for all.
Why are people effected differently by alcohol?
% Body Fat
How much food is in the stomach
Alcohol dehydrates your body.
If you want to optimize your athletic performance, then you want your recovery from sore muscles to be as fast as possible. Alcohol has been shown to slow muscle recovery because it is a powerful diuretic that can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. When dehydrated, an athlete is at a greater risk for cramps, muscle pulls, and muscle strains.
Alcohol prevents muscle recovery.
Getting enough rest is essential to building bigger and stronger muscles. However, because drinking alcohol negatively affects your sleep patterns, your body is robbed of a chemical called human growth hormone, or HGH, when you drink. HGH plays an integral role in building and repairing muscles, but alcohol can decrease the secretion of HGH by as much as 70 percent. Additionally, when alcohol is consumed in amounts typical with binge drinkers, it can reduce serum testosterone levels. Decreases in testosterone are associated with decreases in lean muscle mass and muscle recovery, which can impair performance.
Alcohol depletes your energy.
After alcohol is absorbed through your stomach and small intestine and moves into your cells, it can disrupt the water balance in your body. An imbalance of water in your muscle cells can hamper their ability to produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which provides the fuel that is necessary to help your muscles contract. A reduction in your body’s ATP can result in a lack of energy and loss of endurance.
Effects on Performance
Again, with your assignment in mind, mindmap/bulletproof why...
athletes may consume differing levels of alcohol
the effect this has on the body in general
the effects this has on performance
Behaviour During Competition
Mike Tyson, a boxer, was losing to Evander Holyfield and chose to bite Holyfield's ear off. It has been claimed that this was because he didn't know how to handle being beaten and so, according to promoter Frank Warren, looked for "...an honourable way out."
Eric Cantona, a footballer, was sent off from a game. On his way to the dressing room he was verbally insulted by a fan which led him to kung fu kick a fan
John McEnroe, a tennis player, was renowned for losing his temper on court. There are many examples of this, including when he was defaulted (disqualified) from the Australian Open.
Behaviour during Training
This incident was in the final build up to a major tournament...
Roy Keane, a former footballer, was accused by another player, Alfe Inge Haaland, of diving in the penalty area to try to win his team a penalty. In fact Keane had suffered a bad injury. Keane remembered this slur on his integrity and when playing against Haaland next, four years later, deliberately (as so confirmed in his autobiography) injured Haaland with a disgraceful tackle. Haalands career was ended as a result of his injury.
Paulo Di Canio, a former footballer, was sent off in a game against Arsenal. He then pushed over the referee. He received a lengthy ban and was Wednesday's star player. Wednesday were relegated at the end of the season.
However, Di Canio also has won a FIFA Fair Play award for his sporting conduct, when he was confronted with an easy scoring opportunity he stopped play to allow the opponents injured goalkeeper to receive treatment.
In this incident all players, fans and officials are shocked to find a fight occurring between two players of the same team.
Off Field Behaviour
Newspapers reported stories of John Terry's behaviour off field leading to a string of consequences
The use of social media must also be monitored, status's can be read by thousands of people, with saying something inappropriate landing the player in trouble.
For students to understand the importance of acceptable behaviour, on the field of play, within training and during leisure time.
For students to understand the short and long term consequences of unacceptable behaviour.
Importance of Behaviour
Athletes' in the public eye should be promoting equal opportunities at all times. This involves treating everyone they come into contact with equally and with mutual respect. It applies to fans, coaches, managers, reporters, peers, family, agents, fellow athletes and so on.
Promoting equal opportunities helps to uphold a positive image of the sport, as well as providing young sportspeople with a good example of how they should treat others and most importantly helping to reduce the incidences of negative issues in sport such as racism, sexism and homophobia.
In 1999, England football manager Glenn Hoddle was sacked for making comments about his beliefs of people with disabilities. More information on this incident can be found at the following link:
Glenn was a very well respected ex-England player, and had been a very successful National manager up until this instance. His comments led to his sacking disgracing his otherwise 'clean' image that he had maintained throughout his career. Financially his comments cost him dearly!
Athletes Lifestyle: Lifestyle Factors
Gambling can be very addictive. Similar to other addictions, addicts often get addicted to the thrill of taking risks. This is added to by the emotional effects of winning or losing. Performers may often be led to this by a combination of too much free time, money and as a way of providing a short term 'kick' - often as they may be suffering from other problems in their lives.
Types of Gambling
Slot machines can be found in most pubs, amusement arcades and other locations. The player inserts money and presses buttons to make the reels spin round. The combination of pictures that line up when they’ve stopped spinning means you’ve either lost or won, although sometimes the machine might have a bonus feature to keep the game going a little longer. Slot machines are also called fruit machines because the pictures on the reels are often lemons, cherries, pineapples and so on. The whole game is down to a random number generator, which means that you can never guess the outcome.
Sports betting and racing
There are various types of bets that you can place on sports, most of which can be made at betting shops. The odds of an individual sportsperson, team, horse or dog are provided and you can bet your money on them, but even if they’re expected to win it doesn’t mean they definitely will.
If, for example, a horse is a strong runner, it might be given odds of 2/1, meaning that if you bet £1 and it wins, you’ll get £2 back plus your original stake (so £3 overall). Meanwhile, if another horse is expected to lose and is given odds of 100/1, if you bet £1 and it wins, you’ll get £100 back plus your original stake (so £101 overall). However, chance always plays a large part in all games and bets – the horse that people expect to win may slow down or even fall over, and the horse with poor odds may have more energy than usual and beat all of the others. Or maybe not – there are so many things that could happen.
Most of the types of gambling described here can also be found online as well as in shops, arcades or casinos, and virtual forms of gambling share many of the same features as offline, or land-based, gambling.
Roulette is a game in which the croupier (casino host) spins a ball around a wheel which has 37 red or black numbered holes around it's circumference. Players may choose to place bets on the ball landing on either a single number or a range of numbers, the colors red or black, or whether the number is odd or even. The odds at which each outcome pays out depends on the probability of that outcome happening.
A scratchcard is a small piece of card with a thin covering that can be scratched away using a coin. Scratchcards are available at different prices, usually starting at £1, and the more expensive the card, the larger the prizes available or the higher the chance of the player winning one. Sometimes a symbol beneath the scratchable area has to match a particular type, and sometimes three of the same symbol or monetary amounts need to be uncovered in order to win. Either way, the player may have a higher chance of winning on a scratchcard than the lottery, but the prizes are smaller and there’s still a larger chance that nothing will be won at all.
Sports Stars and Gambling
Floyd Mayweather Jr.'s nickname isn't "Money" just because he's good at boxing.
In the past year, he's tweeted pictures of his betting slips from a $100,000 wager he place on Duke to win the first half of their Sweet 16 game against Arizona (he won $90,909) and another $41,000 bet on the second half of a Bulls-Hawks game. (He won $37,272.75 for that.)
Those are just the bets we know about (and that's he's won.) It's a good wager that his gambling goes much deeper than that.
Kenny McKinley's Suicide
Kenny McKinley was a young and talented Broncos receiver who killed himself last fall, shortly after an injury ended his football season.
It was later learned that had borrowed $65,000 from a former teammate to payoff his extensive gambling debts, including $40,000 owed to Las Vegas casinos, and the mounting money problems had contributed to his depression.
Former England star Kenny Sansom has revealed that he is homeless.
The Arsenal legend, who won 86 caps for his country, has admitted that has hit rock bottom after years of struggling with alcohol problems.
Former full back Sansom, 54, has been sleeping on a park bench and despite a brief stay with his elder sister, he disappeared again on Tuesday.
After earning around £1,200 per week and living in a £1million mansion during his playing career - which saw him play for England at the 1982 and 1986 World Cups - Sansom blew his fortune on booze and betting.
"EXCLUSIVE: Premier League star Matthew Etherington admits - I've blown £1.5m on gambling"
Effects of Gambling
Impact on Families
Gambling problems hurt families in many ways:
Money problems: When family members learn that savings, property or belongings have been lost, it can make them feel scared, angry and betrayed.
Emotional problems and isolation: Gambling problems cause strong feelings among family members, which make it harder to solve problems. Many partners of those with gambling problems do not want to be emotionally or physically close with the person who has hurt them. Family members may avoid other people, because they feel ashamed. This makes it hard to get love and support.
Physical and mental health: The stress of gambling problems sometimes causes health problems, for both the person who gambles and the family. This can include anxiety, depression and stress-related problems such as poor sleep, ulcers, bowel problems, headaches and muscle pains.
Burnout: Many families under stress have trouble coping. One member may try to keep things in control by taking on more tasks. This can lead to burnout. Family members often forget to take care of themselves or to have fun.
Impact on children: When a parent or caregiver has a gambling problem, children can feel forgotten, depressed and angry. They may believe they caused the problem and that if they are good, the problem will stop. Children may believe they must take sides between their parents. They may stop trusting a parent who makes promises he or she doesn't keep. Some children may try to draw attention away from the parent with the gambling problem by misbehaving.
Anxiety and Depression
Many people who gamble excessively feel stressed, anxious and depressed. This can make sleeping, thinking and solving problems more difficult.
The following symptoms, that last for more than two weeks, make day-to-day life difficult, may mean chronic depression:
You have lost interest in usual activities.
You feel depressed, down in the dumps or irritable.
Your sleep has changed (e.g., you have problems falling asleep or staying asleep, or you sleep too much).
Your appetite has changed. You have lost or gained weight.
You feel helpless, hopeless or despairing.
It is hard to think and to remember things, and your thoughts seem slower.
You go over and over guilty feelings. You cant stop thinking about problems.
You have lost interest in sex.
You feel physically tired, slow and heavy; or you feel restless and jumpy.
You feel angry.
You think about suicide.
How may this affect performance?
You will be given a specific players who has a history of gambling, discuss and list all the possible reasons why this may have escalated.
You are working for the FA discuss a plan that could be implemented within football to prevent gambling within sport and help those that do have a problem.
Athletes Lifestyle: Leisure Time
What pressures do athletes face?
Who may place pressure on an athlete?
How could this affect performance
Where do we experience Pressure?
Living Away from Home
Sources of Pressure
Pressure and Performance
Turn to alcohol, drugs, gambling to cope
Cheating to gain glory, fame or money
What financial responsibilities do athletes face?
Are they any different to a 'normal' person?
What factors does an athlete need to consider to stay financially stable?
Financial Factors and Responsibilities
Athletes need money to enable them to devote sufficient time to their sport - cannot do this and work full time
Training / competing abroad
Money for sports kit / equipment / transport / coaching / accommodation / hire of facilities - any others??
If they do not have enough money for all of these how will this affect their sports performance / progression?
Example - Pete Waterman
What sports are expensive to participate in?
Why should athletes be saving?
What is it?
What do athletes have to do?
What kind of athletes get more sponsorship?
What do the athletes get out of being sponsored?
Why is this more important to amateur or part time athletes?
Saving and being sensible with earnings
Providing correct details for tax and insurance
Saving for retirement, other investments, family and contingency plans
Other topics you could chose to talk about are...
Rest and Relaxation
Use this time to make sure you are clear on...
How to structure the assignment
What needs to be included