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Sentence Variation: Simple, Compound, Complex Sentences

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by

Jacqueline Roberts

on 9 April 2015

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Transcript of Sentence Variation: Simple, Compound, Complex Sentences

Are the following sentences simple (s), compound (c), complex (cx), or compound-complex (ccx)?:
Simple Sentences
Simple Sentences consist of:
--One Subject and Verb
--Compound Subject
--Compound Verb
--Compound Subject and Verb


Compound Sentences:
Compound sentences consist of two or more independent clauses:
(Independent clauses can stand on their own as separate sentences)


Independent Clause Independent Clause
I could watch television, or I could begin my chores.


Independent Clause Independent Clause
Doug builds model rockets; he flies them too.


Are the following sentences simple or compound?:

1. The heater was on; the room was still cold.

2. I wish we could go outside for class.

3. There is no projector outside, so it would be difficult to have a lesson.

4. We could sit and bask in the sun.

5. My students and I would really enjoy that!

6. It's raining outside, so we will stay inside.

Complex Sentences:
A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
(Subordinate clauses CANNOT stand alone as a sentence.)

Subordinate Clause Independent Clause
Although the desert has a harsh climate, | many creatures live there.

Independent Clause Subordinate Clause
This is the day | when summer begins.
Compound-Complex Sentences:
A compound-complex sentence consists of two or more
independent clauses
and one or more
subordinate clauses
.

Independent Clause Subordinate Clause Independent Clause
Stamp collecting is a hobby | which I really enjoy | and I have a huge collection.

Subordinate Clause Independent Clause Independent Clause
When I finish the laundry, | I'm going to the store, | but I'll be back in time for dinner.


Sentence Variation: Simple, Compound, Complex Sentences
The alarm sounded.

The dog barked.

The bird sings.

I like turtles.

Turtles are great.
Susan or Jim will go.

Turtles and pandas are great.

Jim and Susan baked cookies.

Tris and Four are divergent.

August and Hazel Grace are infinite.

Harry and Ron are friends.
We laughed and shouted with joy.

They ate and showered quickly.

They read and talked about the book.
Bill and I swam and fished throughout the day.

Harry and Ron battled and won against Voldemort.

August and Hazel Grace traveled and met her favorite author.

Tris and Four fought and escaped the Erudite.
1. Draw a map, and I will try to follow it.
2. Where have I put my car keys?
3. Since she started piano lessons, she has practiced every night.
4. I could really use a nap.
5. The cactus will grow if you do not over-water it.
6. This experiment which we are conducting is difficult, and you must follow all the instructions carefully.
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