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Correct sentences

Fragments and run-on sentences

Tayler Havner

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Correct sentences

Tayler Havner & Angelica Steele Sentence Fragments and Run-on Sentences How to find sentence fragments A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence that cannot stand by itself. A sentence fragment needs something to make it complete whether it is taking away a period and combining two sentences, or replacing the period with a comma and a coordinating conjunction, or semi-colon. How to repair sentence fragments A run-on sentence is a sentence in which two or more independent clauses are joined without any punctuation or a conjunction. Run-on sentences You can usually find a run-on sentence by using these steps. Read each sentence aloud slowly.

Listen for clues to where a sentence might end:
If your voice stops and drops, a period is probably needed.

If your voice raises, try a question mark.

If your voice expresses strong emotion, try an exclamation mark. How to fix run-on sentences Now that we know what run-on sentences and fragments are, it's time to test your knowledge A sentence fragment does not contain an independent clause. An independent clause is a clause that can stand by itself and still be a sentence. A sentence fragment is a dependent clause, meaning it cannot stand as a sentence. A sentence fragment occurs when we write a sentence, put the period in place, and have another idea. A coordinating conjunction is a word that joins two or more ideas or clauses. Coordinating conjunctions are often referred to as FANBOYS, meaning: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so. Run-on sentences occur when you get in a hurry and join two sentences without the needed punctuation or conjunction. They also occur when it contains more than one independent clause. Rules: There will be two teams. We will assign you your teams. Each team will race against the other to gain the most points. We will show you a word group that is either a sentence, a fragment, or a run-on sentence. As soon as we show you the word group, you and your team have to discuss and agree on an answer. The first team to raise their hand and get the correct answer gets a point. The first team to get 10 points wins. WINNING TEAM GETS A PRIZE!!! Example of a fragment: After Starbucks Coffee opened. This statement does not follow through and complete the thought by telling what happened after Starbucks opened. The subject is Starbucks but the predicate that is supposed to tell us what Starbucks has/hasn't done is missing. There are two parts to a sentence. The subject, the main idea of the sentence, and the predicate, the verb of the sentence. The predicate tells the subjects actions. First add a predicate to the sentence: After Starbucks Coffee opened. Several local coffee shops went out of business. Then add the correct punctuation: After Starbucks Coffee opened, several local coffee shops went out of business. The children went to sleep early on Christmas Eve. Wishing that Santa Claus would bring them extra toys. The children awoke to beautiful gifts and an amazing breakfast! Find the sentence fragment: Did you find it? The sentence 'Wishing that Santa Clause would bring them extra toys.' is in fact an incomplete sentence. This sentence does not tell us who or what is wishing that Santa Claus would bring them extra toys. The sentence owns a verb but not a subject. Example of a run-on sentence: Carmen loved traveling in Italy she felt Rome was too hot. There are two independent clauses. You can fix this by adding a period or by adding a comma and a coordinating conjunction. Example
of a run-on sentence: The girls played basketball the boys played tennis. Here there once again are two independent clauses. Try fixing it like this: Conjunction: The girls played basketball, and the boys played tennis. Semi-Colon: The girls played basketball; The boys played tennis.
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