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US Intelligence Community

A tour through the agencies of the US Intelligence Community
by

Randy Borum

on 1 March 2012

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Transcript of US Intelligence Community

Any intelligence , regardless of the source or country from which it is derived, that pertains to more than one U.S. Government (USG) agency, and involves:
Threats to the U.S., its people, property, or interests;
The development, proliferation, or use of weapons of mass destruction
Any other matter bearing on U.S. national homeland security
What is
National Intelligence
Intelligence activities directed against the U.S.
Collects Information About ...
Analyzes Information
Produces Intelligence
Disseminates Intelligence
Hostile activities directed against the U.S. by foreign powers, organizations, persons, and their agents
International terrorist and international narcotics activities
http://www.dni.gov/IC_Consumers_Guide_2011.pdf
Measurement and Signatures Intelligence (MASINT) is intelligence produced through quantitative and qualitative analysis of the physical attributes of targets and events to characterize and identify those targets and events.
Human Intelligence (HUMINT) is the collection of information—either orally or via documentation— that is provided directly by a human source. It is the only type of intelligence for which collectors speak directly to the sources of information, control the topic of discussion, and direct the source’s activities. Human sources can obtain access to information that is not obtainable any other way.
Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) is the exploitation and analysis of imagery, imagery intelligence (IMINT) and geospatial information to describe, assess, and visually depict physical features and geographically referenced activities on the earth.
Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) is intelligence produced from publicly available information that is collected, exploited, and disseminated in a timely manner to an appropriate audience for the purpose of addressing a specific intelligence requirement.

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) is intelligence gathered from data transmissions, including Communications Intelligence (COMINT), Electronic Intelligence (ELINT), and Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence (FISINT). SIGINT includes both raw data and the analysis of that data to produce intelligence
.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is the largest producer of all-source national security intelligence for senior U.S. policymakers.
The CIA's National Clandestine Service (NCS) has responsibility for the clandestine collection (primarily human source collection, or HUMINT) of foreign intelligence and counterintelligence.
The CIA's Directorate of Intelligence (DI) analyzes all-source intelligence and produces reports, briefings, and papers on key foreign intelligence issues.
The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) collects, produces, and manages foreign military intelligence for policymakers and military commanders.
NGA provides imagery, geospatial, and targeting analysis, along with image sciences and modeling for U.S. national defense, disaster relief, and safety of navigation. NGA seeks to know the Earth, show the way, and understand the world.
NRO develops and operates unique and innovative overhead reconnaissance systems and conducts intelligence-related activities for U.S. national security. The NRO is staffed by members of the armed services as well as civilians from the Central Intelligence Agency and the DoD.
The National Security Agency and its military partner, the Central Security Service, leads the U.S. Government in cryptology that encompasses both Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) and Information Assurance (IA) products and services, and enables Computer Network Operations (NCO) in order to gain a decision advantage for the nation and our allies under all circumstances.
The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence (IN) is DOE’s intelligence office and IC component. It focuses on assessing worldwide nuclear terrorism threats and nuclear counter- proliferation, and evaluating foreign technology threats. This office also provides the IC with access to DOE’s energy information and technical expertise.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Intelligence and Analysis (I&A) provides intelligence support across the full range of Homeland Security missions. I&A ensures that information related to homeland security threats is collected, analyzed, and disseminated to all relevant customers. The I&A mission is to equip the Homeland Security Enterprise with the intelligence and information it needs to keep the homeland safe, secure, and resilient.
The US Coast Guard is the principal federal agency responsible for maritime safety, security, and stewardship. The Coast Guard Intelligence and Criminal Investigations Enterprise, as the intelligence element of the Coast Guard, provides timely, actionable, and relevant intelligence and criminal investigative expertise and services to shape Coast Guard operations, planning, and decisionmaking, and to support national and homeland security intelligence requirements.
DEA’s Office of National Security Intelligence (ONSI) became a member of the IC in 2006. ONSI's mission is to enhance the U.S.’s efforts to reduce the supply of drugs, protect national security, and combat global terrorism.
The Counterterrorism Division (CTD) focuses on both domestic and international terrorism. It oversees the Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs).
The Counterintelligence Division (CD) prevents and investigates foreign intelligence activities within the U.S. and espionage activities in the U.S. and overseas.
The Directorate of Intelligence (DI) is the FBI’s intelligence analysis component. It has em- bedded employees at FBI Headquarters and in each field office through Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) and fusion centers.
The Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate (WMDD) prevents individuals and groups from acquiring WMD capabilities and technologies for use against the U.S., and links all operational and scientific/technology components to accomplish this mission.
The FBI's National Security Branch (NSB) oversees the Bureau's national security programs. It includes four divisions, plus the Terrorist Screening Center (TSC).
The State Department's Bureau of Intelligence and Research provides intelligence support to the Secretary of State and other State Department policymakers, including ambassadors, special negotiators, country directors, and desk officers. INR ensures that intelligence informs policy and that intelligence activities support American diplomatic objectives.
The Treasury Department's Office of Intelligence and Analysis (OIA) is responsible for all intelligence and counterintelligence activities related to the Department's operations and responsibilities. OIA’s mission is to advance national security and protect the integrity of the financial system by informing Treasury decisions with timely, relevant, and accurate intelligence and analysis.
The Department of the Army’s IC component is called Army Military Intelligence (Army MI). It is fully integrated into Army forces. Army MI’s goal is to provide all-source intelligence that is relevant, useful, and timely, to the Army and other military personnel at all levels.
Naval Intelligence’s mission is to support maritime operations worldwide in defense of the United States.
The Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (AF ISR) is the Air Force’s IC component. The Air Force ISR Agency organizes, trains, equips, and presents forces to conduct intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance for combatant commanders and the nation.
The U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) produces tactical and operational intelligence for battlefield support. Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA) support the Marine Corps and other services, as appropriate. MCIA is a major production organization for expeditionary intelligence and cultural intelligence.
Intelligence Disciplines
(Intelligence Sources)

SIGINT
HUMINT
MASINT
GEOINT
OSINT
The Intelligence Cycle
The Intelligence Cycle is a dynamic, six-step, cyclical process by which raw information develops into finished intelligence for use in decisionmaking.
continually acquire feedback during the Intelligence cycle and evaluate that feedback to refine each individual step and the cycle as a whole.
deliver the finished product to the consumer that requested it and to others as applicable.
Integrate, evaluate, analyze, and prepare the processed information for inclusion in the finished product.
convert the raw data into a comprehensible format that is usable for production of the finished product.
gather the raw data required to produce the finished product.
establish the consumer’s intelligence requirements and plan intelligence activities accordingly.
Planning & Direction:
Collection:
Processing & Exploitation:
Analysis & Production:
Dissemination:
Evaluation:
Intelligence Community Do?
What Does the
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), which resides within the ODNI, has primary responsibility within the U.S. Government for counterterrorism intelligence analysis and counterterrorism strategic operational planning.
The National Counterproliferation Center (NCPC) is the bridge from the IC to the policy community for activities within the U.S. Government associated with countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).
The National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX) serves as the head of national counterintelligence and security for the U.S. Government.
The National Intelligence Council (NIC), a Congressionally-mandated council, is a component of the ODNI that conducts mid- and long-term strategic analysis through the use of all-source intelligence.
Overview of the
U.S. Intelligence Community
Material Sourced Primarily from:
Intelligence
Assessment
Those 16 agencies operate under the authority of the
Director of National Intelligence
AND the Intelligence Community
The IC is responsible for the
"Intelligence Cycle"
There are 16 Core Agencies in the USIC
Intelligence comes from a variety of different sources or disciplines
For More Information, Visit:
http://www.intelligence.gov/
Full transcript