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Social Media & The Parent-Child Relationship

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Abby Rufer

on 7 December 2015

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Transcript of Social Media & The Parent-Child Relationship

Theoretical Perspectives (12)
Baumrind's Taxonomy of Parenting Strategies (10)
Theoretical Applications to Media
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Model of Family Communication Patterns (FCP)
Chaffee & McLeod (1973)
Stability & predictability
Negotiation of mass media messages in the family
Baumrind's Taxonomy of Parenting
Baumrind (1971)
2 primary components to parenting
1. Parental responsiveness (sensitivity)
2. Parental demandingness (expectations)
Techniques for media integration during childrearing
Research Question
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How has the development of social media and the internet changed the nature of the parent-child relationship specifically in the domain of communication?
Family Communication Patterns (12)
1. Socio-orientation
Conformity & agreement
Adopt evaluations of other family members
Not always genuine
Children rely on other people for interpretation
2. Concept-orientation
Discussion & elaboration
Shared object perception
Children rely on ideas themselves for interpretation
Hypothesis
Social Media's Impact on Family Interactions (9)
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Family Communication in the Digital Age
Social media and the internet negatively affects communication between parents and children.
Benefits

Social Media & the Parent-Child Relationship
Family Communication Patterns (1)
Socio-oriented families
Use media to strengthen relationships
More TV time
Value togetherness
Concept-oriented families
View media as problem
Limited TV time
Value expressive empowerment
Parenting Strategies (12)
Authoritative parents associated with prosocial developmental outcomes
^ restriction
^ evaluation
Expression of authority through control of media use
Involvement & understanding
Social Media's Impact on Family Interactions (8)
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Effects of Social Media on Children
Photos
Statistics (8)
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Social Media's Impact on Family Interactions: A Study (7)
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93 families without internet
Given internet, computers, emails
Tracked for 2 years
Results:
Negative impact
Internet use positively correlated with diminishing communication
Lonelieness, depression, and daily stress more likely
Explanation of Adolescent Behavior on Social Media
Summary- Social Media Negatively Affects Communication Between Parents and Children

Contributions
Abby Rufer
Introduction & theoretical perspectives
Jayme Smith
Current findings
Jeff Rhee
Current findings
Josh Lehman
Conclusion & Topic
Shaye Cooper
Background research
Ellie Light
Image editing & Prezi
22% of teenagers log on to their favorite social media more than 10 times per day
More than 50% of adolescents log onto their social media site more than 1 time per day
75% of teenagers own cell phones
Risks
Social Media's Impact on Family Interactions: Parent-Child (9)
While some parents have been able to keep up with rapidly changing tech-world, some are unable to understand their chidren's deep connection to social media
1. Speed
2. Lack of ability
3. Online life as an extension of offline life
Increases peer communication, enhancing group identity (13)
Particularly popular among members of opposite sex
Online communication used to supplement and reinforce offline relationships
Internet as source of comfort (9)
Medium for exchange of inappropriate content
Non-moderated sites on internet promotes unhealthy or destructive behaviors
Effects of Social Media/Internet on Child-Parent Communication
Confounding variables may skew the current research in an unpredictable way

Social media and other interactive technologies are evolving too rapidly

Some research shows positive behavioral outcomes associated with responsible usage

Solution:
Researching the appropriate age to incorporate technology into education
Limitations on Current Research
Potential Policy Reformations (14)
In 2008, China declared internet addiction to be a clinical disorder
Instituted harsh rehabilitation programs
Denver Waldorf School

While education is a state by state issue, there could be a Federal mandate to incorporate technology at the appropriate time (pending research) in a child's educational development

References
Although there are documented positive impacts on the relationship, interpersonal communication drastically diminished
Increase in technology use correlated with decrease in time spent with family (4)
Increase in peer-to-peer communication leads to further decrease in child-parent communication (13)
Perceived lack of consequences on internet (11)
"Could always go and remove comments later." (pg. 27)
False sense of equality online
Cue-Filtered-Out Theory (5)
"Text based computer-mediated communication lacks physical and social cues, which foster anti-normative and uninhibited behavior." (pg. 15)
Social Presence Theory
Actual presence needed for effective, accurate communication
Online communication can lead to misunderstanding
1
Clark, L. S. (2013). The parent app: understanding families in the digital age. Oxford;
New York: Oxford University Press.
2
Hughes, R., & Hans, J. D. (2001). Computers, the internet, and families a review of the
role new technology plays in family life. Journal of Family Issues, 22(6), 776-790.
3
Kanter, M., Afifi, T., & Robbins, S.. (2012). The Impact of Parents “Friending” Their
Young Adult Child on Facebook on Perceptions of Parental Privacy Invasions and Parent-Child Relationship Quality. Journal of Communication, 62 (5), 900-917.
4
Kayany, J., & Yelsma, P.. (2000). Displacement Effects of Online Media in the Socio-
Technical Contexts of Households. Journal of Broadcasting & Media, 44 (2), 215-229.
5
Kim, Jong-Young. (2000). Social Interaction in Computer-Mediated Communication.
Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 26 (3), 15-17.
6
Lenhart, A., Purcell, K., Smith, A., & Zickuhr, K. (2010). Social Media & Mobile
Internet Use among Teens and Young Adults. Millennials. Pew Internet & American Life Project.
7
Linday H. Shaw and Larry M. Gant. CyberPsychology & Behavior. April 2002, 5(2):
157-171.
8
McBride, D. L. (2011). Risks and benefits of social media for children and adolescents.
Journal of pediatric nursing, 26(5), 498-499.
9
O’Keeffe, G. S., & Clarke-Pearson, K. (2011). The impact of social media on children,
adolescents, and families. Pediatrics, 127(4), 800-804.
10
Rhee, K. E., Lumeng, J. C., Appugliese, D. P., Kaciroti, N., & Bradley, R. H. (2006).
Parenting styles and overweight status in first grade. Pediatrics, 117(6), 2047-2054.
11
Sexton, S. (2011). What is the perceived impact of social media on personal
relationships in adolescence? Masters Abstracts International, 50 (3), 1381.
12
Strasburger, V. C., Wilson, B. J., & Jordan, A. B. (2009). Children, adolescents, and
the media (2nd ed). Los Angeles: Sage.
13
Subrahmanyam, K., & Greenfield, P.. (2008). Online Communication and Adolescent
Relationships. The Future of Children, 18 (1), 119–146.
14
Fisher, C. (2010). Getting plugged in: an overview of internet addiction. Journal of pediatrics and child health 46 (10), 557-559.


Our hypothesis was supported by the research in two ways:
1) Constant communication with peers has taken place of household interpersonal relations
2) Children who rely heavily on social media lack empathy and fail to recognize social cues
Pew Research Center Survey (6)
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