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U.S. History Timeline (1776-1877)

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Melanie Bluhm

on 30 August 2013

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Transcript of U.S. History Timeline (1776-1877)

United States History
1776 - 1877

De
Declaration Of Independent
Declaration Of Independence
Revolutionary War
Shay's Rebellion
Common Sense
Articles Of Confederation
Constitutional Convention
U.S. Constitution
Whiskey Rebellion
Bill Of Rights
Washington's Farewell Address
Louisiana Purchase
Marburg vs. Madison
Treaty of Ghent
War of 1812
McCulloch vs. Maryland
Missouri Compromise
Monroe Doctrine
Nat Turner's Rebellion
Trail of Tears
Tocqueville and Egalitarianism
Mexican-American War
Mexican Cession
Seneca Falls Convention
Fugitive Slave Law
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Bleeding Kansas
Homestead Act of 1862
Civil War
Gettysburg Address
Reconstruction
The conflict was between the 13 colonies and Great Britain. The American boycott, Boston Tea Party was started due to the Stamp Act of 1765 being unconstitutional. The British lost the war but mostly due to multiple invasions from other countries. (1775–1783)

The Reconstruction Era started after the Civil war ended. Carpetbaggers and Scalawags were supporters of reconstruction on the South. The 13th, 14th, 15th amendment was passed during the Era. these amendments provided rights for African Americans. During the time, many interference existed such as the Jim Crow Laws and the Black Codes. Both limited the rights of African Americans. Many southerners believed in redemption to gain back what was originally theirs. (1865–1877)
1865–1877
November 19, 1863
It was a speech given by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. This speech was one of the most well known speeches given in America, in just ten sentences, he summarized the war with powerful remarks.

1862
The Homestead Act permitted any citizen or intended citizen to have 160 acres of land creating a huge growth of population in the West.
(April 12, 1861 – April 9, 1865)
- After Lincoln was elected, the war broke out at Fort Sumter.
- The war was a conflict between the North and South about secession and slavery.
- The North won, this war was one of the biggest turning point for the North.

1854 to 1860
This was a violent conflict between Free-Staters and pro-slavery groups.

The reason for the conflict was a battle on whether Kansas would become a free state or slave state.


1852
Uncle Tom's Cabin was a book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
This book convinced many nothern readers that slavery was morally wrong and should be abolished.
September 18, 1850
United States passed the Fugitive Slave Act (also known as the Compromise of 1850 and the Fugitive Slave Law).

Highly controversial for its time, the Fugitive Slave Act declared that any runaway slaves that had escaped their masters and were living free in the North should be returned at once to their masters.
1848
Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott and Susan B. Anthony organized the first women's rights convention in American history.
1848
A large boundary of land United States gained after defeating Mexico. This was during President James K. Polk's term. Under the terms of the cession, the United States acquired the territory that became the states of California, Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. Approximately 525,000 square miles of land was gained for the United States.
1846-1848
The conflict was between Mexico and United States over the U.S. annexation of Texas in 1845.


The United States went back on a promise from the Mexican government to pay $3 million to cover the claims of American citizens who had lost property during turmoil and revolution.
1775-1783
1776
The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776.
It declared and stated...
- The American colonies as independent states clarifying reasons to break free from British rule.
- "All men were equal with human rights."
- E Pluribus Unum meaning "One out of many" was coined as the U.S. motto symbolizing the unite of the 13 colonies.
- John Hancock was a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
1776
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine and published on January 10, 1776. The pamphlet became a success arguing the freedom from British rule. The book sold more than 500,000 copies in its first year.
The Articles were created on November 15, 1777, but later replaced by the U.S. Constitution.

They established the three branches of government known today which are...
- Legislative
- Judicial
- Executive
1786
Rebellion was led by Daniel Shay stating the Government was lacking. The Articles of Confederation was very flawed and Shay wanted to show that it was. The rebellion led to 5 rebels deaths and a new born Constitution had to be proposed. (August 21, 1786)
Took place in Philadelphia, PA on May 14 to September 17, 1787.

George Washington was elected as president during the convention.
Adopted in 1787 at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and later ratified by eleven states in 1788.

Clearly defined duties within the document include...
-
President
- Supreme Court
- Bicameral Congress
1789-1794
A protest mostly led by farmers. Farmers resented the heavy tax on whiskey because the corn produced was used in whiskey. for the prevention of collecting taxes, the protesters used violence and intimidation. The rebellion was suppressed by the new national government. The tax was later repealed by Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party.
1791
Known as the first ten amendments to the US Constitution.

These amendments are created to protect the natural rights of human.
1796
In this address, Washington forewarn the future government that any interference or relationship with foreign countries can threaten the stability of the Republic. The address was written during the early 1796 after deciding not to run for a third term.
1803

Bought by Thomas Jefferson from France for 15 million dollars!
1803
The court case reaffirmed the power of judicial review in the Supreme Court. William Marbury sued James Madison for not completing the "Midnight Appointments". Madison won the court case due to the Supreme Court declining Marbury's petitions. The case was the first time the Supreme Court has declared a law unconstitutional.
The Treaty of Ghent was signed on December 24, 1814 in Ghent, Belgium. It was a peace treaty ending the War of 1812. The Treaty was signed by The United States and Great Britain. The Treaty was signed after the Capital was burned and due to military disasters of the U.S.
1819
McCulloch was sued by the state of Maryland due to issuing bank notes without complying with the law (Maryland). McCulloch failed to pay the taxes and Maryland filed a suit in effort to collect the tax. Due to the "elastic clause", Maryland did not have the power to tax individuals. The Supreme Court had also ruled that the National Bank was constitutional, therefore unless it was "killed", only Congress may do so.
1820
The agreement was brought up an argument of whether Missouri would be admitted as a slave state or a free state. Tension was brought upon between the North and South due to a balance of free and slave states would be disrupted if Missouri was admitted. Under the agreement, Maine was admitted as a free state and Missouri was admitted as a slave state. The compromise banned slavery above the 36°30' line.
President James Madison declared war on Britain due Britain's continuous practice of impressment.

After various battles between America and Britain in 1812 and 1813, British troops burned much of Washington, the nation's capital in 1814.
1817 to 1825
A foreign policy by President James Monroe which stated that...
- the U.S. would not interfere with European affairs
1831
Rebellion led by Nat Turner. Many rebel slaves followed him and killed many white slave owners, approximately 55-65 fatalities. After the rebellion was suppressed, many blacks were punished by being executed, even the innocent. Many slaves also were killed due to their owners fear.
Native Americans were being forced to be relocated due to the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

The Act was passed by Andrew Jackson,as the Cherokee were forced to give up their own land in 1838.

The name was given due to the sadness of the Natives giving up their property.
mid 1830s
Alexis de Tocqueville wrote "Democracy in America".

He compared America and the European nations and later concluded that America's society was based upon HARD WORK and the principle of equality (egalitarianism).
The Reconstruction Era started after the Civil war ended.

Carpetbaggers and Scalawags were supporters of reconstruction in the South.

The 13th, 14th, 15th amendment was passed during the Era. These amendments provided rights for African Americans.
The American Revolution began in 1775 as open conflict between the united thirteen colonies and Great Britain.

- the Western Hemisphere was closed to colonization by European countries
Full transcript