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Transcript of Forensic Linguistics
The Evans Statement
McDonald's Vs McSleep
Prior to the 19th Century
of the late
century and early
conducted studies based on
word and/or sentence length
, and so on.
has been present since the ancient
accused each other of stealing one another’s works.
The Case of J. K Rowling
Patrick states that it is possible for the author to change the big complex words or the style of his or her writing, but it is the small words that they don’t think to change - such as the prepositions and the articles and the different combinations they might have.
By using a computer program, Juola is able to pull out the hundred most frequent words across the author’s vocabulary leaving him with words like 'of' and 'but', ranked by usage.
Of Course, this alone is not evidence enough to prove that the written text of the calling book belongs to J. K. Rowling, but it is a starting point.
Rowling’s publisher later confirmed that “The Cuckoo’s Calling” is in fact written by none other than J. K. Rowling.
The Case of Jenny Nicholl
Done By: Nesreen M. M. Meknas (211510018)
Prince Sultan University
The Case of J. K. Rowling
The Evans Statement
Surprisingly, it was during the early 1960’s that some people had been troubled and unsure by his statement especially Svartvik.
There were two statements for Evans that Svartvik had fully and thoroughly analyzed.
After careful consideration, he finally came to the conclusion that it was merely impossible that Evans himself has dictated both statements, for they held almost completely different styles of writing.
Results and Discussion
The present paper is conducted on the basis of thoroughly analyzing the literature review. The researcher had read the literature written on the field of forensic linguistics and had collected some of the crucial case studies and researches done on the present topic. Multiple databases containing various journals have been looked at in order to choose the most essential cases that support the present study. Moreover, interviews were conducted by the researcher in order to further verify the validity of the research. The interviewees were a number of Prince Sultan University’s Law and English Departments students and professors, all of whom had been previously affiliated with forensic linguistics, even if it were to a very small degree.
Buzila, E. (n.d.). Forensic linguistic - an introduction. University of Bayreuth, Retrieved from
http://fl-germany.webs.com/Introduction to Forensic Linguistics.pdf
Gibbons, J., & Prakasam, V. (2004). Language in the law. Orient Blackswan. Retrieved from
Hughes , V. (2013, 07 19). How forensic linguistics outed j.k. rowling (not to mention james
madison, barack obama, and the rest of us). Nationalgeographic, Retrieved from
McMenamin, G. R. (2002). Forensic linguistics: Advances in forensic stylistics. (illustrated
ed.). CRC Press. Retrieved from
=advances in forensic
Mitchell, E. (2008, September 8). The Case for Forensic Linguistics. BBC News.
Rothman, L. (2013, July 15). J.K. Rowling’s Secret: A Forensic Linguist Explains How He
Figured It Out.TIME.
Tiersma, P., & Sloan, L. M. (2002). The linguist on the witness stand: Forensic linguistics in
american courts.Linguistic Society of America, 28(2), 221-239. Retrieved from
Varney, M. H. (1997). Forensic linguistics. English Today, 13(04), 42-47. doi:10.1017/S0266078400010014
Vel, O. Y., Anderson, A., Corney, M., & Mohay, G. M. (2001). Mining Email Content for
Author Identification Forensics. Sigmod Record, 1-2. doi:10.1145/604264.604272
Vel, O. D., Anderson, A., Corney, M., & Mohay, G. (2001). Multi-Topic E-mail Authorship
Attribution Forensics. Sigmod Record, 1-4.
Based on the previous analysis of the literature review
The phrase "Forensic Linguistics" was first used by Jan Svartvick in 1968 in his study "The Evan's Statment: A Case for Forensic Linguistics".
In terms of development, three cases were mentioned in the paper - Jenny nicholl's, Chris Coleman's and J. K. Rowling's - that showed exactly how forensic linguistics has developed.
An even more advanced technological development in the field introduces “computer forensic linguistics” and explains the different applications that fall under it and how it is applied.
The interviews conducted showed the intense unfamiliarity of the field to students and professors of both departments.
An adequate combination of several cases involving forensic linguistics as well as a number of studies have been compiled in order to support this study.
One main focus was on forensic linguistics as the study of language and the law.
Another main concern addressed was the history and development of forensic linguistics in the past couple of decades.
Several criminal cases were shown as a support of the history and development part in the paper.
The Coleman Case
Coleman and the killer used “U” instead of “you” in emails
as well. Coleman also was known to
mistakenly put the apostrophe in the wrong place in words such as “doesnt’” and “cant’” - as did the killer.
Coleman was found guilty and was charged with the death penalty for first degree murder
The William Shakespeare Case
Stratfordians Vs. Anti-Stratforians
“I no longer believe that William Shakespeare the actor from Stratford was the author of the works that have been ascribed to him.”
— Autobiographical Study (1927), 130
“It is undeniably painful to all of us that even now we do not know who was the author of the Comedies, Tragedies and Sonnets of Shakespeare, whether it was in fact the untutored son of the provincial citizen of Stratford, who attained a modest position as an actor in London … ”
— Speech accepting the Goethe Prize, 1930. Quoted in Shakespeare's Lives (1970) 609.
Who is Shakespeare?
Edward De Vere
17th Duke of Oxford
"Oxford seems to have known everyone Mr. Shakespeare should have known if he was Shakespeare." (Sobran, 1997).
Was a literary genius at the time
Execution in 1593
Mastered several languages