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textiles,steam,iron and coal industries

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ace hillaire

on 1 May 2010

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Transcript of textiles,steam,iron and coal industries

The Textiles, Steam, Iron, and Coal Industries Textiles industry "coton industry"was how cloth was made in the 17th centry an did spinning and weavig by hand on their own property, the system was callled the , but it was a longer proceses and the end product wasn't that much. in the 1760's a few spinning machinces were built but they were to strong for the fragile threads 2 machinces revolutionized the textile industry. One was the spinning jenny, invented by James Hargreaves,The other machine was the water frame, or throstle, invented by Sir Richard Arkwright Coal industry before the steam engine in 1698,mining was done with shallow bell pit s or into the side of a hill diging a shaft, this was difficult with shaft mining because you had to take out the water in the shafts with bukets or drill a drain shaft out of the hill for gravity to do the rest. once water was out they could start mining. thre steam engine was a big explosion to to the mining industry , now they remove water faster, and could dig deeper to get more coal. Coal was cheaper and much more efficient than wood fuel in most steam engines. As central and Northern England contains an abundance of coal, many mines were situated in these areas as well as the South Wales coalfield and Scotland. The small-scale techniques were unsuited to the increasing demand, with extraction moving away from surface extraction to deep shaft mining as the Industrial Revolution progressed. steam idustry tomas newcom had built the first steam engine in 1712, Newcomen engines were used throughout Britain and Europe, principally to pump water out of mines but was;nt as efficient as james watt. Watt earned that the University owned a model Newcomen engine, but it was in London for repairs. Watt got the university to have it returned, and he made the repairs in 1763. Finally, in 1776, the first engines were installed and working in commercial enterprises. These first engines were used for pumps and produced only reciprocating motion to move the pump rods at the bottom of the shaft. Orders began to pour in and for the next five years Watt was very busy installing more engines, mostly in Cornwall for pumping water out of mines iron industries iron works is a building or site where iron is smelted In the Iron industry, coke was finally applied to all stages of iron smelting, replacing charcoal. This had been achieved much earlier for lead and copper as well as for producing pig iron in a blast furnace.
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