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Using the R.A.C.E. Technique to Answer Constructed Response

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Sherra Robinson

on 21 June 2014

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Transcript of Using the R.A.C.E. Technique to Answer Constructed Response

Using
R
.
A
.
C
.
E
. to Answer Constructed Response Questions

R.A.C.E.
To understand and answer the constructed response essay question, the easiest way is to memorize the acronym "
R
.
A
.
C
.
E.
"

Restate --

Reword/restate the question
(Topic Sentence)
Answer --
provide an Answer
(making sure to answer all parts)
Cite --
Cite evidence from the text
(Quotes, Paraphrases)
Explain --
Explain how the evidence supports your answer
+ Conclude --
Provide an

ending sentence
that summarizes your stand and restates your reasons
What is a Constructed Response?
a type of open-ended question that demonstrates cognitive knowledge and reasoning
the answer must include information that can be found in a particular text or other essay prompt (map, picture, graphic organizer, etc.)
it should not demonstrate opinion, but show how you are able to extract information and use this as proof for your answer
increasingly used on standardized tests--ELA, Math and Science (from the 3rd grade all the way up to the public exams.
In a constructed response question you need to show how well you comprehend and are able to draw inferences from the essay prompt

Therefore, it is essential that you
give examples
from the prompt to show how they support your answer.

Example:
Q: "Does Joe like the winter?"
A: "Joe likes the winter because the story tells us that he loves skiiing and skiing is a winter sport."
Note:
In your essay you could go on to provide
specific details
that tell you how much he enjoys skiing (and, by extension, winter), such as
quoting
a line that says "Joe enjoyed the feel of the icy-cold air on his cheeks."
Citing Evidence (the "C" in "R.A.C.E.")
A Rubric for Evaluating the Constructed Response
A 3+ Answer if You:
display an understanding of the question in all its complexity
use information from the prompt (either information directly presented to you or that you've inferred)
provide a complete explanation of how the answer was arrived at that demonstrates your use of logic or reasoning
If Not a "3+" ...
Then What?
A "2" If:
your answer addresses little of the question
uses evidence that only partially supports your conclusion
does not directly connect to the conclusion
If you are able to
restate
a question, provide an
answer
using evidence
cited
from the prompt given, and then
explain
how that evidence does, in fact, support the answer, you will probably score well on the constructed response essay section of any exam you take.
Why R.A.C.E.???
In order to
answer
the question, you need to understand what you are being asked, and then make sure you provide the
answer
to that specific question. The
answer
, as in the example above, may come in the first sentence as you reword the question into a statement, but in an essay question you will then need to
show
how you arrived at your
answer
.
Answering the Question (the "A" in "RACE")
Restating the Question (the "R" in "R.A.C.E.")
Restating
the question means that you are to
reword
the question and make it into a statement as a part of the answer you provide.

If you were to be asked
"What color is the sky?",
you would not simply answer "blue" - instead, the correct answer would be
"The color of the sky is blue,"
or words to that effect.
Teaching Students this
Skill
CUTS down on their need to
COPY
from the internet
you will also need to supply your own
reasoning
for why you think your answer is correct
Example:
For Joe, who loved to ski, your
examples
from the text would be the
details
about how he enjoyed skiing and the cold air, but your own reasoning would be demonstrated by explaining that you know that skiing and cold air are things he is only likely to encounter during the winter, therefore his enjoyment of these things must mean that he also enjoys the winter season.
Explaining the Answer (the "E" in "RACE")
And PLEASE don’t forget to clue up by including a
Concluding Sentence
– every great answer has one!!!
To
conclude
, write an ending sentence that summarizes your stand and restates your reasons
Concluding Sentence
Constructed Response and
R
.
A
.
C.
E
.
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary describes
construction
as: "The art of construing, interpreting, or explaining."

Key Word:
interpreting!!!
Before students delve into a text, we first must
teach them
how to
break it apart
and
look
for
evidence
.

It's just as
critical

to teach our students what to do once they have collected the evidence
.

The art of interpretation is hard to teach, but if we
begin with the basics, and model, model, model
— then students can begin to understand the thinking process behind the interpretation they are expected to achieve.

Few students have found their
"inner writer genius!!!"

Therefore,
the basis of all great writing
begins with
excellent structure
.

Structure is a MUST!

When
kiddos
are faced with constructed response questions, they
need to have strategies in their tool belt to feel confident attacking them
.
Helping Students Find Their "Inner Einstein"
A "1"If:

you attempt to answer the question but your essay demonstrates that you may have misunderstood it
answer lacks any relevant or meaningful supporting evidence to support your conclusion



Please Remember:

it is the
formative piece
of our instruction that is the
most critical
use every
constructed response
as a
building block
for student learning
let everyone shine in this process; even our struggling writers have something to contribute!
Focus on the positive
pieces of their response, and use
specific feedback
with their writing to help bring their evidence-based responses up to par.
Conclusion
Full transcript