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Culture and Cuisine of B&H
Transcript of Culture and Cuisine of B&H
Ensada 32, Ibrahim 8, Emina 3, Amila 6 & Rasim Dudo 36
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ottoman Bosnia (1463-1878)
Austro-Hungarian rule (1878–1918)
Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941)
Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia (1945–1992)
Bosnian War (1992–1995)
Bosnia has been inhabited since at least the Neolithic Age. (4500-2000 BC) The earliest Neolithic population were known as the Illyrians and conflict between them and Rome started in 229 BC. By 9 AD Rome had completely annexed the region.
Because of its location B&H has always been a thoroughfare for cultures and armies.
Throughout the Middle Ages B&H was at different times under the rule of the Byzantine Empire, the Serbians, the Croatians and the Kingdom of Hungary.
Bosnia became a unified kingdom in 1377.
All this came crashing down when in 1463 the Ottoman Empire conquered Bosnia, thus ending the independent rule of the Kingdom of Bosnia.
Up until this point the major religion in Bosnia was Roman Catholicism.
Wholesale geographical integration.
As the Ottoman Empire continued their rule in the Balkans, Bosnia was somewhat relieved of the pressures of being a frontier province, and experienced a period of general peace and prosperity. A number of cities, such as Sarajevo and Mostar, were established and grew into regional centers of trade and urban culture.
At the close of the Great Turkish war in 1699 Bosnia again found itself a border province and with borderdom came unrest and rebellion.
There were several major uprising between 1699 and 1878. Some were class oriented, some were in order to maintain the status-quo and the most aggressive were ethno-religious.
Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Great Monopoly game.
Forced reintroduction of Catholicism.
Political unsteadiness of Serbia.
Gavrilo Princip, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and WWI.
Pop = 4,007,608
Pop density = 203
Urban pop = 45%
Life expectancy m\f = 69\76
Fertility rate = 1.3
Daily caloric intake = 2,894
Undernourished pop = 8%
Annual alcohol consumption = nearly 7 litres
GDP = $5,970
Overweight Pop m\f = 57/51%
Obese Pop m\f = 14\22%
Annual Meat Consumption = 47 lbs
Annual sugar and sweetener consumption = 73 lbs.
% of pop m\f over the age of 18 who smoke = 55\32%
Deaths during the Siege of Sarajevo 1992-1996 = 15,000
Unemployment rate = 40%
Bosnian cuisine uses many spices, in moderate quantities. Most dishes are light, as they are cooked in lots of water; the sauces are fully natural, consisting of little more than the natural juices of the vegetables in the dish. Typical ingredients include tomatoes, potatoes, onions, garlic, peppers, cucumbers, carrots, cabbage, mushrooms, spinach, zucchini, dried beans, fresh beans, plums, milk, paprika and cream called Pavlaka. Bosnian cuisine is balanced between Western and Eastern influences
The Bosnian Coffee Break can last up to an hour. Typically they drink Turkish style coffee in small cups, poured from a small pot called a
with Turkish sweets and sugar cubes. Bosnia is number 10 on the list of highest per capita consumption of coffee in the world.
Soccer, handball, Chess are the major sports played in B&H.
As of 2008, 45% of the population identify religiously as Muslim, 36% as Serb Orthodox, 15% as Roman Catholic, 1% as Protestant, and 3% other (mostly atheists, Jews, and others).
And Lunch is the most important and largest meal of the day.
The basis for everything.
This period marks the first time that Bosnia had a say in who its political masters were since 1463.
Events of note include: further redistribution of land to the detriment of ethnic minorities, growing resentment toward Serbs and Croats, the rise of ethnic\religious\nationalist sentiment, the build-up toward the Second World War, and the rise of Tito.
Post-war Bosnia was selected as a base for the development of the military defense industry. This contributed to a large concentration of arms and military personnel in Bosnia; a significant factor in the war that followed the break-up of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. However, for the most part the existence of Bosnia within Yugoslavia was a peaceful and very prosperous one, with high employment, a strong industrial and export oriented economy, a good education system and social and medical security for every citizen. Cooperation with world recognized brand names like Volkswagen from 1972, Coca Cola from 1975, Marlboro and Holiday Inn demonstrate the generally cosmopolitan nature of B+H at this time. To cap it all off the Olympic Winter Games were held in Sarajevo in 1984.
Josip Broz Tito
Member states included B+H, Macedonia, Slovenia, Serbia,
Croatia and Montenegro.
The three points of the triangle are understood to stand for the three constituent peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Croats, and Serbs. It is also seen to represent the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina which is shaped like a triangle. The stars, representing Europe, are meant to be infinite in number and thus they continue from top to bottom. The flag features colors often associated with neutrality and peace – white, blue, and yellow. The colors yellow and blue are also seen to be taken from the flag of Europe; the color blue was originally based on the flag of the United Nations.