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Gabriel García Márquez
Transcript of Gabriel García Márquez
Raised by maternal grandparents
Grandfather was a veteran of the Thousand Days War
Grandmother told ghost stories
5 short story collections (numerous novels, novellas, etc.)
Won a Nobel Prize in Literature in 1982 ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Magical Realism "IN WHICH MAGICAL ELEMENTS BLEND WITH THE REAL WORLD" The term was first used in 1925 by a German art critic
Grandmother's stories heavily influenced his own
100 Years of Solitude
Short stories: "A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings", etc.
Social/cultural message "That’s a journalistic trick which you can also apply to literature. For example, if you say that there are elephants flying in the sky, people are not going to believe you. But if you say that there are four hundred and twenty-five elephants flying in the sky, people will probably believe you... That’s exactly the technique my grandmother used" – Márquez Solitude Examples Sources "They spent their time finding out if the prisoner had a navel, if his dialect had any connection with Aramaic, how many times he could fit on the head of a pin, or whether he wasn't just a Norwegian with wings"
"What surprised him most, however, was the logic of the wings. They seemed so natural on that completely human organism that he couldn't understand why other men didn't have them too"
–"A Very Old Man With Enormous Wings" "The first children who saw the dark and slinky bulge approaching through the sea let themselves think it was an enemy ship. Then they saw it had no flags or masts and they thought it was a whale. But when it washed up on the beach, they removed the clumps of seaweed, the jellyfish tentacles, and the remains of fish and flotsam, and only then did they see that it was a drowned man"
"But they also knew that everything would be different from then on, that their houses would have wider doors, higher ceilings, and stronger floors so that Esteban's memory could go everywhere without bumping into beams"
– "The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World" Legacy Márquez incorporates this theme into almost all of his stories
The title of his Nobel Prize acceptance speech was "The Solitude of Latin America" "Poets and beggars, musicians and prophets, warriors and scoundrels, all creatures of that unbridled reality, we have had to ask but little of imagination, for our crucial problem has been a lack of conventional means to render our lives believable. This, my friends, is the crux of our solitude"
Márquez, "The Solitude of Latin America" "I think it's a problem everybody has. Everyone has his own way and means of expressing it. The feeling pervades the work of so many writers, although some of them may express it unconsciously"
-Márquez • Inspiring, provoking thought, making social/political/religious commentaries... http://www.shmoop.com/handsomest-drowned-man/literary-devices.html