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China

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Samuel McIvor

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of China

Ancient China Modern China is an immense country, it is the fourth largest country in the world and is home to approximately 1.25 billion people (a quarter of the population on earth.) China also has a variety of terrains and climates. The South of China is tropical and wet and the North-West of China is just basically deserts. In the very far North-East the temperature can drop to -50 degrees in the Winter. West of China are the Himalayas, with some of the largest mountains in the world. China's lowest point is the Turfan Depression. The Turfan Depression is one of the furnaces of China because it very hot! The two great rivers of China are the Yellow River and the Yangtze River. Geography History Religion Beliefs & Values By Sam China almost has 5000 years of history which is pretty amazing. Like most great civilizations, China can trace its culture to a handful (blend) of tribes that got larger and larger until we have got the country in today's world we know as China. Chinese society progressed through 5 major stages: Primitive Society, Slave Society, Feudal Society, Semi-Feudal and Semi-Colonial Society and lastly the Socialist Society. The rise and fall of the great dynasties form a thread that runs through chinese history, almost from the beginning. Since the founding of the Peoples Republic of China on, October 1st, 1949, China has become a socialist society and become stronger and stronger. China is a country with a great diversity of religious beliefs. The three main religions in China are Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism. The now citizens of China may choose their religion freely without anyone telling them. Ancestors of ancient Chinese nobility were the only ones who where worshiped whereas the dead or the poor were not worthy of worship at all. In the ancient Chinese society worship was not considered as an individual practice but something one person performed so it can benefit the entire society as one. Emperor Scholar Craftsman Women Yellow River The Yellow River or Huang He is the second-longest river (after the Yangtze River) and the sixth longest in the world. Originating in the Bayankala Mountains in Qinghai Province in western China, it flows through nine provinces of China (Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Shandong Provinces) and empties into the Bohai Sea.
The Yellow River is called the "the cradle of Chinese civilization", as its basin is the birthplace of the northern Chinese civilizations and is the most prosperous region in early Chinese history. But frequent devastating flooding, largely due to the elevated river bed in its lower course, has also earned it the unenviable name "China's Sorrow". Contacts Trade Silk Road Warfare & Conflict Imperial China Law Philosophy Confucious Thank you for watching! :) Roles & Key Groups The Silk Road is the most well-known trading route of ancient Chinese civilization. Trade in silk grew under the Han Dynasty (202 BC - AD 220) in the first and second centuries [AD]. While the Chinese silk trade played a big role in the Chinese economy, it did increase the number of foreign merchants present in China under the Han Dynasty, exposing both the Chinese and visitors to their country to different cultures and religions. In fact, Buddhism spread from India to China because of trade along the Silk Route Emperors were the top of the totem pole in ancient China. They ruled and protected China for a really long time. The history within Chinese fighting begins with the rise of the first dynasty. Going back to 1600 bc. China emerges as an expanding nation along the Yellow River. In this era, people were very dependent on their horses and other livestock they might be raising. Because of their dependence on horse travel and their sheer power, new developments in technology such as the chariot gave individual dynasties an edge in battle which allowed for faster and safer maneuvering for troops with weaponry After the first war between dynasties, the struggle for power began and continued to last through hundreds of years. The Chinese take pride in their 5000 years of ancient history Most of the laws of Ancient China came from the moral teachings written in the legal-code books. The basic law was devotion of children to parents and obedience to the government. The rest of the laws consisted of orders that were handed down by the emperors. It was the duty of the mandarins (important Chinese officials) to teach the laws to the people, who would gather twice a month for this purpose. If the laws were broken the punishments were severe. The seriousness of each crime determined the form of punishment that would be received. Beating with a bamboo stick was considered to be a mild punishment. Pick-pockets were branded on the arms for their first and second offences, while a third offence brought them before the criminal courts. Armed robbery was punished by death. Confusious (551 – 479 BCE) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history
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