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Transcript of China
The Yellow River is called the "the cradle of Chinese civilization", as its basin is the birthplace of the northern Chinese civilizations and is the most prosperous region in early Chinese history. But frequent devastating flooding, largely due to the elevated river bed in its lower course, has also earned it the unenviable name "China's Sorrow". Contacts Trade Silk Road Warfare & Conflict Imperial China Law Philosophy Confucious Thank you for watching! :) Roles & Key Groups The Silk Road is the most well-known trading route of ancient Chinese civilization. Trade in silk grew under the Han Dynasty (202 BC - AD 220) in the first and second centuries [AD]. While the Chinese silk trade played a big role in the Chinese economy, it did increase the number of foreign merchants present in China under the Han Dynasty, exposing both the Chinese and visitors to their country to different cultures and religions. In fact, Buddhism spread from India to China because of trade along the Silk Route Emperors were the top of the totem pole in ancient China. They ruled and protected China for a really long time. The history within Chinese fighting begins with the rise of the first dynasty. Going back to 1600 bc. China emerges as an expanding nation along the Yellow River. In this era, people were very dependent on their horses and other livestock they might be raising. Because of their dependence on horse travel and their sheer power, new developments in technology such as the chariot gave individual dynasties an edge in battle which allowed for faster and safer maneuvering for troops with weaponry After the first war between dynasties, the struggle for power began and continued to last through hundreds of years. The Chinese take pride in their 5000 years of ancient history Most of the laws of Ancient China came from the moral teachings written in the legal-code books. The basic law was devotion of children to parents and obedience to the government. The rest of the laws consisted of orders that were handed down by the emperors. It was the duty of the mandarins (important Chinese officials) to teach the laws to the people, who would gather twice a month for this purpose. If the laws were broken the punishments were severe. The seriousness of each crime determined the form of punishment that would be received. Beating with a bamboo stick was considered to be a mild punishment. Pick-pockets were branded on the arms for their first and second offences, while a third offence brought them before the criminal courts. Armed robbery was punished by death. Confusious (551 – 479 BCE) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history