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An Analysis of Body Language Techniques used by Teachers at

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Elena Paez

on 17 October 2014

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Transcript of An Analysis of Body Language Techniques used by Teachers at


INTRODUCTION
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
NonVerbal Communication
RESULTS
RESULTS
METHODOLOGY
Type of Study
CONCLUSION
Relevance of the Use of Body Language
Uses of Body Language in the EFL Classroom
Body Language Techniques
Gestures
Body Language features in the EFL Classroom
Setting and Participants
Three groups of 15 teenage students.
3 teachers.
EFL institute in San Lorenzo
Three-hour classes on Saturday mornings.
Beginning Level.
Age: 15-20 years old.
Methods of Data Collection and Procedures
Interviews
Questionnaires with open-ended and close-ended questions
Observations
Sub Questions
Which Body Language techniques do teachers use to teach EFL?
Implications
Body Language is an essential tool for EFL teaching and learning.

Adequate training must be provided to the teachers.
How does the use of Body Language affect EFL teaching at the Beginning Level?
UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE ASUNCIÓN
FACULTAD DE FILOSOFIA
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE LENGUAS
LICENCIATURA EN LENGUA INGLESA

An Analysis of Body Language Techniques used by Teachers at the Beginning Level Classroom at an EFL Institute

Elena Páez Verónica Roa

Tutor: Victoria Mussi, BA.

Asunción, Paraguay
2014
Nonverbal communication
is the process of sending and receiving messages without using words, either spoken or written.

Some
teaching techniques
rely on nonverbal communication and body language to help students understand what the teachers are trying to teach.
Statement of the Problem
A situation where successful communication is the main goal requires verbal and nonverbal aspects of language to be taken into account.
Some instructors may not be aware of their importance and the way of applying such techniques in the classroom.
Purpose of the Study
To analyze how teachers use body language in the classroom and to find out what the outcomes of using body language are as a means to teach EFL.
Research Questions
Main Question
Sub-Questions
How does the use of body language affect EFL teaching at the beginning level?
Which body language techniques do teachers use to teach EFL?

What are the outcomes teachers note among students´ behavior in the classroom after applying body language techniques?

Which difficulties do teachers encounter when using body language in the classroom?
Significance
Influence of body language on the teaching and learning experience

Understand how body language aids internalization of English

Learn how to integrate body language techniques to improve results in the classroom
Limitations
Delimitations
Ethical Concerns
Bias

No generalization
Study was delimited to three Beginning Level classrooms
All identities were kept confidential
Facial Expressions
Display Rules
Gazing
Body Language in the EFL Classroom
The use of non verbal communication by teachers in the teaching process is important as it may:
help them express their own ideas and thoughts accurately and lively
motivate students to participate more actively
foster a more enjoyable learning experience
Intuitive
Explanatory
Communicative
Descriptive and exploratory case study


Mixed methods approach
Data Analysis
Transcriptions.
Observation notes.
Spreadsheet Software.
Categorization.
"Body language is very important,
because in that way you can show something that you cannot explain, such as vocabulary. You can try to develop something that they (students) can understand, so in that way you fill the gap in the meaning they need to know".

(Teacher 1)
“It helps me remember a little more the words being taught” .

(Student 2)
"...after they already understood that my thumbs up means that they did a good job, it becomes familiar because they already know what this expression means".

(Teacher 3)
Students' Response
to Body Language
Gestures, Facial expressions, Gazing and Display Rules
What are the outcomes teachers note among students' behavior in the classroom after applying body language techniques?
Which difficulties do teachers encounter when using body language in the classroom?
Students demonstrate interest, feel motivated and comfortable, and participate in class.

Abstract concepts

Cultural background
Further research.

Other aspects on how to apply Body Language in the classroom.

Other factors that influence foreign language teaching and learning.
Recommendations
Body Language becomes a crucial tool for EFL teaching and therefore, learning as well. It generates motivation, promotes student participation and creativity, it helps students and teachers to create a positive classroom atmosphere and teacher-student relationship.
“Students laugh; they have fun. Instead of looking at the dictionary for one meaning, you can do it in that way and have fun so they would prefer learning in that way".
(Teacher 1)
Comprehension
Motivation
"Body language helps me understand what the teacher is trying to teach, and it helps with the learning.”

(Student 13)

“I observe that students understand better what I was trying to explain after using any kind of body language".

(Teacher 2)
"I think it is very important because in that way you show you´re friendly and create a friendly atmosphere that makes a moment to share not only with the teacher but among themselves".
(Teacher 3)
Difficulties Found By Teachers When Using
Body Language
"Sometimes there are concepts which are very difficult to explain, and that I am not sure how to explain with my body”.
(Teacher 1)
"Sometimes a teacher tends to exaggerate a lot and students may think the teacher is not serious, for example, beginners”.
(Teacher 3)

Teachers use hand gestures to indicate that the students need to form groups or to assign homework.
Teachers put one hand to the ear to demonstrate that they could not hear what students are saying.
"I´m upset"; How do you explain "upset"? It´s difficult
to translate so you use your face.
(Teacher 2)
"If the students are not familiar with the gestures used, I have to do another gesture to explain those previous gestures".
(Teacher 2)
THANK YOU!!
Eye Contact
Student's cultural background
Display rules: Thumbs up , finger on lips, raising hands to elicit attention to speak or ask permission to go to the bathroom
Gazing: eye contact to ensure understanding and to give feedback
Full transcript