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Scotland

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by

Ross Mills

on 2 October 2014

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Transcript of Scotland

Scotland
Languages
English
English variant (Scottish)
Geography
Grassy hills
Big lakes (Loch Ness)
Castles
Government
Scotland has a devolved system of government.
Queen Elizabeth is head of state
Religion
Roman Catholic 15.9%
Church of Scotland 32.4%
No-Religion 37.6%
Random Facts
Scotland's national animal is the Unicorn
Its known are the homeland of golf
Edinburgh is the first place to have a fire station
Scotland's national sport is soccer. They've qualified for the World Cup 8 times. Another big sport in Scotland is rugby. Scotland has played in every Rugby World Cup since 1987, the highest they have ever finished was 4th in 1991. They send their best athletes to join the UK team for the Olympics. At the most recent olympics 9 of the UK's 14 medals came from Scottish athletes. Their last winter olympic medal was gold in 2002 for curling, before that it was gold in 1936 for hockey. This all shows that Scotland takes prides in their athletes.
One of Scotland's biggest heroes is William Wallace. Wallace was a Scottish knight who lead the resistance during the Wars of Scottish Independence. The biggest myth is Scotland is Nessie who is believed to live in Loch Ness
Everyone wears a kilt
Everyone knows how to play the bag pipes
All eat haggis
All have ginger hair
Everyone believes William Wallace is the greatest person to ever live
Scotland has been fighting for independence from the UK for over 100 years. The reasons behind their want for this is: they hold 99% of the UK's oil and gas reserve, UK has accumulated large amount of debt, principle of self-determination, and control over defense and foreign policy

Sports
Heroes and Myths
Stereotypes in Scotland
Independence
Top Ten Things To Do In Scotland
1. Loch Ness
2. Edinburgh Castle
3.Climb Ben Nevis
4. Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum
5. Isle of Skye
6. Glasgow Science Centre
7. Glencoe
8. National Gallery of Scotland
9. The Cairngorms
10. Culzean Castle

Cities
1. Glascow- 598,830
2. Edinburgh- 468,720
3. Aberdeen- 189,120
4. Dundee- 144,170
5. Paisley- 74, 570
Other Famous Scottish People
Kenny Dalglish-Soccer Coach
Gordon Ramsey- Chef
Sir Alex Ferguson-Soccer Coach
Danny Macaskill- Redbull freestyle mountain biker
Johnny Reid-Country singer
Quotes
"Everything I have done or attempted to do for Scotland has been for her benefit, never my own, and I defy anyone to prove otherwise"- Sean Connery
This quote demonstrates how Scottish people put their country before themselves, which is very nationalistic.
Symbols
Scotland has many symbols such as: the thistle, the honors of Scotland, and the Scottish flag
Thistle
The thistle is the Scottish national flower. Many believe the reason it is the national flower is because when Scotland was being attacked by Vikings, they decided to attack Scotland at night. As they went to attack some men in a field, they stepped on thistles barefoot which caused cries of pain that alerted the Scottish soldiers.
Honours of Scotland
The Honours of Scotland are the oldest set of crown jewels in the British Isles. They were used for the coronation of Scottish monarchs from 1543 to 1651.
Scotland National Goal
At this point in Scotland, their biggest national goal is to be independent, They no longer want to be part of Great Britain or the United Kingdom. They want to have full control over what happens in their own country and want to be able to pick how everything is run without needing any sort of permission or recognition from England. Right now, Scotland is at a stand off with England as Scotland want everything to be up to themselves, but England are pushing them into keeping their currency as the pound. Another thing preventing Scotland from having independence is that a majority of the population doing want to leave the UK, so they will be extremely unhappy if they just leave without coming to some sort of agreement.
Scottish Flag
The battle of Stirling Bridge
This battle was the first war of Scottish independence pm September 11th 1297. The Scottish side's army, led by Andrew Moray and William Wallace, defeated the English forces led by John De Warenne, the 6th earl of surrey, and Hugh de Cressingham. This battle took place on the River Forth, near Stirling, in Scotland. This shaped Scottish nationalism forever because it was such a huge step forwards for the country itself and its idea of independence. This day is still remembered proudly in Scotland, and is now an official holiday.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-13326310
The Scottish flag was adopted in the 16th century, making it one of the oldest country flags still in existence. The colours of the national flag represent the following: white- peace and honesty, and blue- vigilance, truth and loyalty, perseverance, and justice.
Organizational Membership
Scotland is actively involved in the international organizations community. Most of the organizations they are part of are because they are part of the UK. They are in the: United Nations, European Union, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and Kyoto Protocol just to name a few.
United Nations
The United Nations was formed on October 24, 1945. This was also the day the UK became joined the UN. There are 191 other member countries. The goal of the UN to bring all nations of the world together to work for peace and development, based on the principles of justice, human dignity and the well-being of all people
European Union
Another one of Scotland's goals for the next ten years is for its population to live longer and healthier lives. They want this to better the lives of people in their country, and to make Scotland a more appealing place to live. They are going about this by enforcing persistent health inquiries, enhanced protection of vulnerable people, and increased anticipatory care. with all these factors put together Scottish people should live long and prosperous lives and have a better style of living.
National Goal
The European Union was formed on November 1, 1993. The United Kingdom was one of the founding members. There are 28 other members. The main objective of the EU is to create an area of freedom and justice without internal frontiers.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
NATO was created April 4, 1949. The UK joined it the same day making it one of its founding members. There are 27 other members. The main purpose of NATO is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.
Kyoto Protocol
THe Kyoto Protocol was created December 11/1997. The UK joined it April 28, 1998. There are 190 other countries involved. Its goal is to reduce global emissions by 20% by the year 2020.
Holidays
Scotland has many holidays that aren't in Canada. The biggest being St. Andrews day, which is also a bank holiday. Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, and St. Andrews day is Scotland's official national day.
How Historical Events Have Lead to Present Situation
These historical events has paved the way for Scotland to believe it can be an independent country. Its past has united the people of Scotland and allowed them to understand that they are their own distinct group. This creates a good case for saying that nationalism is a positive force
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