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An Introduction to the Slave Trade
Transcript of An Introduction to the Slave Trade
Between 1450 and 1850 at least 12 million Africans were taken across the notorious 'Middle Passage' of the Atlantic to the West Indies and America.
European traders would export manufactured goods to the west coast of Africa where they would be exchanged for slaves.
The African slaves were then boarded onto ships and set sail for America to start a life of slavery working on cotton, tobacco and sugar plantations.
Thousands of Africans were captured, often by rival tribes, and sold to white slave traders who would send them by ship to the Americas to work on plantations.
In America, slaves would work on plantations to produce cotton, sugar, tobacco and other raw materials.
The cotton, sugar and tobacco was then shipped to the UK. Cities such as Liverpool and Manchester became very rich as a result of this trade.
The cotton was spun and woven into cloth in our mills and factories, while more and more people started to add sugar to food and drinks.
Some of these goods could then be shipped back to Africa on the empty slave ships, so that they could be traded for more slaves.
THE TRIANGULAR TRADE