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CHS CH 1: The First Humans

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Mark Caywood

on 29 June 2011

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Transcript of CHS CH 1: The First Humans

Ch 1: The First Humans Section 1: Early Humans Early Stages of Development (Prehistory) •Earliest humans lived in Africa 3-4 million years ago. They are known as australopithecines. They are considered to be the first huminids (humans and other creatures that walk upright)
•The second stage of humans is Homo Erectus.
• They lived around 1.5 million years ago. They were the first to leave Africa. They lived in Europe and Asia.
•250,000 years ago a new stage began. Homo Sapiens (wise human beings). 2 groups emerged. 1.Neaderthals- They lived 100,000 BC to 30,000 BC. They were the first to bury their dead suggesting the existance of a belief in an after life.
2.Homo Sapiens Sapiens- were the first humans to look like us. They lived around 150,000 BC. Homo Sapiens take over •By 30,000 BC they had replaced Neanderthals probably due to conflict between the two.
•By 10,000 BC they spread all over the world. We all come from this group. Hunter Gatherers •Paleolithic Age- is the age when we used simple tools. It lasted from 2,500,000 to 10,000 BC.
•The life of the Paleolithic people was hunting gathering and they were nomads.
•They adapted to their environment as they spread across the world. The creation of shelters and the use of fire came out of a necesity to survive.
•The Ice Age hit around 100,000 BC and lasted until 8,000 BC Section 2: Rise of Civliization The Neolithic Revolution •Around 8,000BC-4,000BC is the Neolithic Age.
•People switched from hunting and gathering to systematic agriculture or the growing of food and keeping of animals
•People learned how to domesticate different animals and farmed many different crops.
•Because of farming peoplke began to settle and build villages.
•By 8,000BC Jericho was in existance
•Because of the steady source of food people could now concentrate on the building of structures for protection and storage. Rise of Civilization (6 characteristics of civilizations) 1.Cities- Early cities are in river valleys and provide protection and farming.
2.Governments- Provides organization and regulates human activity. Early governments were mainly monarchs.
3.Religon- Priests gained special powers and monarchs claimed that their power came from religon in early civilizations.
4.Social Structure- Rulers, upper class, priests, government officials, warriors, free people, and slaves all made up early society.
5.Writing- This allowed the keeping of accurate records.
6.Arts- Temples, pyramids, paintings, and sculptures.
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