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Antarctica

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by

Agnes De Stache

on 14 September 2016

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Transcript of Antarctica

Antarctica

Abiotic Elements
The


Phytoplankton and zoo-plankton
-phytoplankton are the primary producers in the antarctic food web
-zoo-plankton are small organisms e.g. krill and are preyed by large creatures such as blue whales
Squid
-eaten by whales, seals, and sea birds
Fish
-eat krill and fish
Penguins
-emperor penguins
-adelie penguins
-chrinstrap penguins
-gentoo penguins
-eat fish and krill
-preyed by leopard seals and killer whales
Seals
-Weddell seals eat squid and fish
-Crabeater seals eat krill
-Leopard seals eat penguins and small seals
-Ross seals mostly eat squid and fish
Sea Birds
-Skuas eat carcasses, eggs, and penguin chicks
-Snow Petrels eat zoo-plankton
Whales
-Orcas (killer whales) eat penguins, seals and fish
-Sperm whales eat fish and squid
-Minke whales eat krill
-Blue whales eat krill and are preyed by humans and Orcas
Biotic Elements
What Antarctica is made of
-44% of Antarctica is compromised of ice shelves.
-38% is made of ice walls
-13% is formed by ice streams and outlet glaciers
-5% is made of composed rock

The low temperatures of Antarctica
-The lowest recorded was -89.2'C
-The highest recorded was -2'C

The high temperatures in Antarctica
-The lowest in the summer is 2'C
-The average temperature in mid summer is 35'C

Seasons in Antarctica
-Winter lasts around eight to nine months
-Summer lasts around two to three months
-There is no real spring or fall because the arctic soil only thaws a few inches every summer

Krill
zoo-plankton
Carnivorous
Phytoplankton
Herbivorous
zoo-plankton
Seals
Squids
Fish
Whales
Small Toothed
Whale
Penguins
Elephant Seal
Birds
Baleen Whale
Sperm Whale
Leopard Seal
The Ecosystem
Antarctica is located at the South Pole. Most of the ocean around Antarctica is covered in ice for half of the year and the temperature is freezing for most of the year. However, there are lots of organisms that live in the oceans. Each winter in Antarctica, ice starts forming on the seas and covers the oceans. The ice is important to the ecosystem because as the phytoplankton and algae are trapped in the ice, it grows at the ice's underside. Young krill gather beneath the ice all winter, and the algae in the water provides food for them when there is not enough light to produce food. The winter ice let's the krill survive until spring. When the sea ice melts during spring, the trapped algae will be released and live as a phytoplankton. The phytoplankton will grow from the nutrients, sunlight and the water. Then, the population of phytoplankton will increase. The krill in the water will consume the phytoplankton and increase the krills population by reproducing more and more. The krill, rich in protein and fat, are food for animals at the top of the food chain including penguins, seals, and whales. The impacts humans have on Antarctica are taking Antarctica's species and doing experiments until extinction, killing and disturbing species, polluting the soil and sea, and creating global warming.
The solution we found to change these impacts is to stop polluting the soil, don't always transport by cars, walk if you can, and don't throw garbage into the sea or litter on the ground. Even if you do experiments on the animals, only take one or two animals. Many people think that if it is warm in November, that's good, but it's not. Think about the animals in antarctica and how they are living right now. The food they need to survive, and how they can create more. So next time, when you think the warm is better, think about this penguin here.
PENGUINS
Emperor Penguins
Weight:33kg-66lb
Height :115cm to 3.8ft.
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Aves
ORDER: Sphenisciformes
FAMILY: Spheniscidae
GENUS SPECIES: Aptenodytes forsteri
Adelie Penguins
Weight: 5kg-11lb
Height: 70cm-27.5 inches
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Aves
ORDER: Sphenisciformes
FAMILY: Spheniscidae
GENUS SPECIES: Pygoscelis adeliae
Chrinstrap Penguins
Weight:4.5kg-10lb
Height:68cm-27 inches
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Aves
ORDER: Sphenisciformes
FAMILY: Spheniscidae
GENUS SPECIES: Pygoscelis antarcticus
Gentoo Penguins
Weight:5.5-12lb
Height:71cm-28 inches
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Aves
ORDER: Sphenisciformes
FAMILY: Spheniscidae
GENUS SPECIES: Pygoscelis papua
SEALS
Weddell Seals
Weight:400-450kg
Height:2.9m-9.5ft(males)/3.3m-11ft(females)
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Pinnipedia
FAMILY: Phocidae
GENUS SPECIES: Leptonychotes weddellii
Crabeater Seals
Weight:200-300kg
Height:2.6m-8.5ft
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Pinnipedia
FAMILY: Phocidae
GENUS SPECIES: Lobodon carcinophagus
Leopard Seals
Weight:300 kg (males)/260 - 500 kg(females)
Height:2.8-3.3 m(males) /
2.9-3.6 m,up to 3.8m(females)
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Pinnipedia
FAMILY: Phocidae
GENUS SPECIES: Hydrurga leptonx
Ross Seals
Weight:130-215kg
Height:1.7-3m
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLUM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Pinnipedia
FAMILY: Phocidae
GENUS SPECIES: Ommatophoca rossii
SEA BIRDS
Skua
Weight:900-1600g
Height:50-55cm wingspan 130-140cm
Classification:
KINGDOM:Animalia
PHYLUM:Chordata
CLASS:Aves
ORDER:Charadriiformes
FAMILY:Stercorariidae
GENUS SPECIES:Stercorarius

WHALES
Blue Whale
Weight:100-120 tonnes
Height: 25m (males) 26.5 (females)
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLOM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Cetacea
FAMILY: Balaenopteradae
GENUS: Balaenoptera
SPECIES: Balaenoptera musculus
Snow Petrels
Weight:240-460g
Height:30-40cm wingspan 75-95cm
Classification:
KINGDOM:Animalia
PHYLUM:Chordata
CLASS:Aves
ORDER:Procellariiformes
FAMILY:Procellariidae
GENUS SPECIES:Pagodroma nivea
THANKS FOR WATCHING
STARRING:
BY: TRINITY AND AGNES
Killer Whale
Weight:11.1 tonnes (male) 8.3 tonnes (female)
Height: 9-10m (male)4.5-6m (female)
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLOM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Cetacea
FAMILY: Delphindae
GENUS: Orcinus orca
SPECIES: Orcinus orca
Sperm Whale
Weight: 35 tonnes
Height: 16m
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLOM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Cetacea
FAMILY: Physeteridae
GENUS: Physeter
SPECIES: Macrocephalus
Humpback Whale
Weight:25-30 tonnes
Height:13m
Classification:
KINGDOM: Animalia
PHYLOM: Chordata
CLASS: Mammalia
ORDER: Cetadata
FAMILY: Balaenopteridae
GENUS: Megaptera
SPECIES: Novaeangliae
Relaxation...
GLOBAL WARMING...
ITS LIKE WHEN YOU PLAY BASKETBALL..

AND YOU COME HOME AND THERE IS NO AIR CONDITIONING

AND THERE IS ALSO NO COLD WATER IN YOUR HOUSE

AND YOU'RE SWEATING CRAZY.

HOW DO YOU FEEL? THAT'S ONLY A FRACTION OF WHAT ANIMALS IN ANTARCTICA FEEL.

GUESS WHAT? IT

SUCKS.
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