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Globalization of Eating Disorders
Transcript of Globalization of Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa: Self-imposed starvation in a desperate attempt to lose weight
Bulimia Nervosa: Reoccurring binge eating followed by purging
Binge Eating Disorder: Frequent episodes involving eating food rapidly to the point of feeling uncomfortable
What is going on around the world?
Countries are altering their views on beauty...
Nigeria sent their version of beautiful to the Miss World competition ending with poor results. When a light-skinned, skinny woman entered she won
Women are going agains what is praised in their culture...
One woman stated she felt guilty for betraying her people's views of beauty. "We are encouraged to embrace our big bodies, but i don't want a big body!"
Social factors as triggers
Society glorifies "thinness" or "masculinity" and place value on obtaining the "perfect body"
Flawed definitions of "beauty" that include only men and women of a particular size and shape
The social norm of only valuing someone based off of appearance rather than personality
The desire to look just like individuals seen in magazines, television, or sports
The Globalization of Eating Disorders
Eating Disorder Statistics
Eating disorders affect up to 24 million Americans & up to 70 million individuals worldwide
The most common behavior that leads to an eating disorder is dieting
The diet related industry is a $50 billion a year enterprise
51% of 9 and 10 year old girls feel better about themselves when they are on a diet
42% of 1st-3rd grade girls want to be thinner
What role does the U.S. have?
It doesn't matter the location...
Body insecurity is something that is essentially the same everywhere and the process of disordered eating is also the same throughout the world
In numerous countries, millions of individuals are altering their own image based on what is praised in their culture or others
The Alliance for Eating Disorders Awareness
Psychiatrists consider disordered eating as one of the most dangerous psychiatric disorders to treat
The country with highest number of individuals with eating disorders
Many other countries look to the U.S. as an example
If the U.S. is mainly praising high profile figures who are a part of the flawed definition of beauty, it sets the tone for numerous other countries
"The young girl stands in front of the mirror. Never fat to begin with she's been on a no-fat diet for a couple of weeks and has reached her goal weight. 115lb. at 5'4" that is exactly what she should weigh, according to her doctor's chart. But in her eyes she still looks dumpy... Self-hatred and shame start to burn in the girl, and envy tears at her stomach, enough to make her sick. She'll never look like them, no matter how much weight she loses. She's fat, gross, a dough girl."
"I can't say that I've found all the answers, but I have at least stumbled upon some truths that I can live with. As far as my body goes, now... I love feeling like me."