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Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty, art, and taste.

kristopher truchan

on 9 December 2010

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Transcript of Aesthetics

Aesthetics What is it? A philosophical theory
as to what is beautiful.
the branch of
philosophy dealing
with beauty and taste.
Alexander Baumgarten gave the name to this branch of philosophy, the word aesthetics deriving from the Greek word “aisthanomai”, which means “perception by means of the senses.”

Main aesthetic arguments: art is defined by the intention of the artist, art is in the response/emotion of the viewer, art is imitation. Art is defined by the intention of the artist Plato Tolstoy Dewey art is in the response/emotion of the viewer art is imitation He Believed:

Every content or context of experience has beauty in it: death is a miserable, sad and dark idea but if a man dies for his beliefs, than his death could be considered beautiful.

Not only experience but objects as well: a train engine has the ability to overcome distances and bring men together.

That experience begins with impulsion, his example being our need to eat, the beginning stage of the complete experience, ending with the appreciation of a well cooked steak.

He ranked the arts from least to most soulful: architecture is the least, then sculpture, painting, music, poetry, and finally drama within poetry or literature.
Any new or unincluded art forms and where they would fit in his rankings? Dress designed by Franc Fernandez. Caused a lot of controversy at the 2010 VMA Awards. Infamous meat dress. Lady Gaga. Shocking but Meaningful Peta wasn't happy, who'd have known.
PETA president Ingrid E. wrote, “Lately, Lady Gaga has been having a hard time keeping her act ‘over the top.” Newkirk also adds, “Wearing a dress made out cuts of dead cows is offensive enough to bring comment, but someone should whisper in her ear that there are more people who are upset by butchery than who are impressed by it.”

“Meat is the decomposing flesh of a tormented animal who didn’t want to die, and after a few hours under the TV lights, it would smell like the rotting flesh it is and likely be crawling in maggots — not too attractive, really.”
Most Still Not Impressed Vanessa Tiegs Art form called "Menstrala"

Dave Navarro Red Hot Chili Peppers's Art using Menstral Blood, SHOCKING!

"From time to time, I am accused of making offensive shock art. However, my intention in creating and publishing my menstrual journal is not to offend or disgust people with works of art made of blood, but to present images about menstruation in a thoughtful way."

"Positive visual images of woman's blood and menstruation are not as easy to find as images of blood spilled from violence."
She practices "Menstrala" which is form of monthly journaling by collecting ones menstrual blood (BOYS: a girls period blood) and painting with it.
He Believed:

Art should not only be defined objectively, and there fore the criteria for what is and isn’t art, becomes more complex.

Art is a means of communication, not only meant to be pleasing to the eye, or provide entertainment.

Art is an important tool of communication, an expression of experiences and conditions.

He felt that art doesn’t belong to any class of society.

Beautiful art is a clear expression of feeling or experience in a way that the audience can share that feeling or experience.
Clearly Artistic Activism "North American Footprint" "Cut Here" "Turn On" "Dandelion Field" "Children's Playground" The Man Behind The Mask

Peter Gibson, a graffiti artist who resides in Montreal spent a few months hiding from the public, leaving during the night and stenciling on public property in order to make an ironic statement about public space.

After a few months, he became infamous in Montreal, and was given the name “Roadsworth”, his real name only being revealed to the public after being caught red handed one night with a stencil and can of yellow spray paint.
He was charged with 53 counts of mischief, but the charges were dropped due to a public up rise of support.

Nearly $10 million is spent annually in Montreal to remove graffiti. "Our public spaces are polluted with advertising, cars, concrete ... why focus on graffiti?" Gibson asked.

He now works for commission and is being paid by an association representing print artists known as ARPRIM.

"I'm back, but this time with a permit," said Gibson,
He Believed

All attempts at creating beauty are imperfect copies of beauty itself, one of his examples being a circle. The Circle is a mathematical ideal and it’s impossible to draw a real circle, but only an imperfect physical copy.

There are ideas or “forms” that are more real than their representations, more real than the experience itself, he calls them "the Really Real."

In creating a piece of art, we imitate what we have experienced or come across, and there fore we are even deeper in delusion than the experience itself because experience is imperfect and temporary, “Forms” being infinite and perfect, the circle being an example of a form.
Andy Warhol Andy Warhol was a leading figure in the “Pop Art” genera. His first New York showing was in November of 1962 and he practiced his art until 1967. He picked people whom he thought were interesting off the streets of New York and brought them back to his studio to which he gave the infamous name the “Factory.” He would give these bohemians their "15 minutes of fame", a fraise which he came up with. His most famous “Superstar” was Edie Sedgwick. He took inspiration from these strange people, and inspiration of the Ideal’s that they refused to portray. He contradicted his own work by making prints of advertisements and images of celebrities, his most famous being the Marilyn Monroe print and the Campbell's Soup print. In creating these prints he challenged fine art, he challenged advertisements, he provoked society to think about what they found to be ideal. Why aren’t advertisements considered art? An advertisement is the image of an ideal, the “Form” of the perfect product even though the product in its self is still imperfect. The advertisement could be closer to a representation of perfection than other artworks. He quite ironically bought labels or photographs and copied them to make this statement, putting the images on a pedestal, the images that society saw as ideal such as Marilyn Monroe. He was obsessed with trying to capture these people as they were, their “Form” as Plato would have put it. He made many films, one 5 hours long of a man sleeping, another an 8 hour shot of the Empire State building. Plato saw the imitation as a bad thing, but artists like Andy Warhol and Lady Gaga have tried to use inspiration in a positive or provocative light.

Lady Gaga is inspired by Andy Warhol and has effectively taken his way of copying pop culture to another level. In her music video for “Telephone” there are many references and advertisements used ironically to emphasize the point of the song, that we can’t escape the media.
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