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The Challenges of Urbanization
Transcript of The Challenges of Urbanization
Jacob Riis left is native Denmark to become a police reporter.
When the industrial age began people had two choices for housing: you could buy a home on the outskirts of town or rent a cramped room in a boardinghouse.
The Challenges of Urbanization
His job gave him a unique ability to peer into the homes and neighborhoods of New York city.
What he saw was shocking, personal voice on pg. 468
With so many people immigrating to the US, mostly to cities, plus the influx of Americans moving to cities due to the lack of frontier and decreased demand for farming-cities had a hard time keeping up.
Places in the North East and Midwest were experiencing rapid urbanization.
City planning is difficult. You need to consider a lot, like....?
By 1890 there were twice as many Irish residents in New York city as in Dublin.
The Americanization movement- was an effort to americanize new citizens. (Kill the indian save the man)
They would teach American history (how terrible) English literacy, government and even proper social etiquette.
Migration from Country to City
New technology was changing farming for ever.
Who was it good for? Who was it bad for?
More technology meant less farmers, farms and people living in rural areas.
Most of the farmers who found themselves without a job were black. They moved to the cities.
Between 1890 and 1910 over 200,000 African Americans moved from farms to cities. Mostly Chicago and Detroit
Many found the cities to be segregated and racial tensions to be high particularly when competing for a job.
New houses started to become available like row houses-single-family dwellings that shared walls.
Once new home became available many moved and immigrants took over. But instead of one immigrant family taking the place of an American family it was 2-3 families.
These overcrowded, unsanitary places became known as tenements.
New York City passed laws that set standards but they there often overlooked or people found loopholes.
Sometimes the laws even made things worse. The new laws required air vents, sounds good but people just used them for their garbage.
Mass transit gets invented now! hard to imagine life without mass transit.
San fran creates cable cars and Boston an electric subway.
WATER! (its important)
Cities could not keep up with the demand for clean water.
In the 1860s most people had dirty water from unclean pipes or no indoor plumbing at all.
In 1870 filtration was introduced by 1908 chlorination was added.
Sanitation (it's a dirty job but someone has to do it)
The streets were covered in garbage and horse manure. Dead animals were often found in the street.
Governments tried to hire people to clean up the streets but they were few and far between.
These are all things we take for granted in cities today. No one thought of these problems before because they didn't exist.
With an increase in cities there was an increase in crime as well. New York City organized the first salaried police force in 1844.
Many homes were built out of wood.
There was a shortage of water
There were no "real" firefighters
Candles and lanterns were used regularly
all of this lead to...
Cincinnati, became the first city to employ a fire department in 1853. In 1874 sprinklers were installed and building started to shift to bricks and concrete instead of wood.
Things weren't all bad though.
Settlement houses were houses set up in poor areas designed to help people. Mostly immigrants.
These places would provide welfare, charity, support and education. They were naturally (mostly) ran by women. The most famous being Jane Adams.
This contradiction sums up America. We have those who are fighting to keep immigrants out. But we also have those who are embracing them and trying to help them.
What are some of the biggest problems facing Taipei as a city?
Have you traveled around and seen some cities that are not setup as well or better?
What are some important details cities need to think of while setting up?