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Pregnancy and Child-rearing in India

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by

Farwa Naeem

on 13 October 2013

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Transcript of Pregnancy and Child-rearing in India

Pregnancy and Child - Rearing
Practices in : INDIA
By: Farwa Naeem
Myths
- Shape of the stomach indicates the gender
- Don't put your hands around your head
- Keep the pregnancy a secret for a few months
- walking can induce labor faster
- Pregnant women must eat for two
- Certain food items influence the skin tone of the baby
- Avoid using a computer
- You can't get pregnant while breast-feeding your baby
Customs and Traditions during pregnancy
- Upon learning about the pregnancy the first ritual performed is an Arathi
- A baby shower is held for the pregnant women in 5th, 7th, or 9th month of pregnancy
- A religious ceremony is held on the 4th month in which the pregnant women is given a locket, that is believed to protect the mother and the baby from evil eyes
- Women who are pregnant for the first time are taken to their parent's home
Customs and Traditions
after child-birth
- The family welcomes the child in the house, the father touches the child and whispers religious verses into the ears of the infant
- To ward off evil spirits a "black dot" which is round-shaped is applied on the neck or face of the baby using carbon- based eye makeup
- A ceremony is held in which the family names the child
- Other traditional customs such as the baby's first ear piercing takes place in the temple
Practices during pregnancy
- Encouraged to do yoga
- Pregnant women are told to talk to their baby everyday
- Cold foods are avoided
- Vegetables and fruits are encouraged
- Drinking milk is strongly encouraged
- Pregnant women are not allowed to go close to a dead body even if they are relatives
- All pregnant women stay indoors during eclipses for the fear of ultra violet radiation causing congenital defects in the child
Practices after pregnancy
- For 40 days the women is told to stay home along with her baby and take rest
- The mother and the baby are given massages
- Cold foods are still avoided for a few weeks
- It is believed after giving birth the mother's body loses balance and enters the cold-stage due to the loss of blood, therefore confinement food is made from warm ingredients such as papaya and ginger to warm the women's body
Birth Practices
- In olden days women used to give birth in an isolated area, away from their houses, but now they give birth in hospitals
- There is no one present in the delivery room, except the doctors, midwife, and the women giving birth
- Medications that relieve pain are not assigned because it is believed that they cause complications in the pregnancy
- In olden days, the gender of the baby was not told to the mother until the placenta had been delivered
- After the placenta is delivered it is buried under the floor of the room given birth in or in the courtyard of the house
Discipline techniques
- Corporal punishment
- spanking
- Believe in strict discipline
- scolding
Parental roles
- The home-maker
- The first teacher
- Affectionate
Roles of other family members
Grandparents teach children about their religion and culture
The siblings take care of the children and play with them.
Family members arrange religious ceremonies for the pregnant women, and pray for the well-being of the mother and her baby
-The community members congratulate the couple and pray for the baby
Close neighbors are invited to the baby shower, where they bring gifts for the woman and give blessings to the pregnant women and her child
QUIZ

TIME!

2. Walking while pregnant
can delay labor
TRUE!
1. Women who are pregnant for the first time are taken to their parent's house
FALSE!
3. Pregnant women should never
go close to a dead body, even if it is their relatives
TRUE!
4. Medications that relieve pain are not
assigned because it is believed that they
cause complications in the pregnancy
TRUE!
5. Cold foods are still avoided for a few weeks as it is believed that they cause diarrhea
TRUE!
6. In India, the mother is the bread-winner of the family
FALSE!
7. The mother and the baby are not allowed to go out for 10 days
FALSE!
8. Spanking is one of discipline
techniques used in India
TRUE!
9. Grandparents teach the children
about their religion and culture
TRUE!
10. Pregnant women should avoid
fruits and vegetables!
FALSE!
Bibliography
Father
- Strict
- The bread-winner
- The father makes major decisions in the
family
Mother
Roles of the community
Thank-you :)
- "Indians ." Refuge Health ~ Immigrant Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 June 2013. <https://bearspace.baylor.edu/Charles_Ke

-"Indian Customs in Pregnancy." Free Encyclopedia & Web Portal on Indian Culture & Lifestyle. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 June 2013. <http://www.thehindu.com/health/myths-and-misconceptions/article16958.ece

- "Common Pregnancy Myths ." india parenting. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 June 2013. < http://www.indiaparenting.com/pregnancy/121_3888/common-pregnancy-myths.html>.

- "Indian Ethnicity and Background." Indian Ethnicity and Background. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 June 2013. <http://www.health.qld.gov.au/multicultural/health_workers/indian-preg-prof.pdf>.

-"Myths and misconceptions ." The Hindu. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 June 2013. <http://www.thehindu.com/health/myths-and-misconceptions/article16958.ece>.
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