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07 - (702/703) Commercial Flight Operations

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Leon Cygman

on 5 January 2017

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Transcript of 07 - (702/703) Commercial Flight Operations

Commercial Flight Operations
Commercial and Business Aviation
Air Taxi
Single engine aircraft
Multi-engined aircraft that has a MCTOW of less then 19,000 lbs or 8,620 kgs (other than turbo-jet-powered aeroplane)
9 passenger seats or less excluding pilot seats
A multi-engine helicopter certified for VFR single pilot operations
any aircraft so authorized by the Minister.
Air Operators Certificate (AOC)
An Air Operator Certificate is required to operate a Commercial Air Service to fly for hire or reward:
Specific operations:
Types of service
Aircraft performance
IFR procedures
Weather minima
Crew training
Airplane Flight Manual (AFM)
Required to have onboard
Company Operations Manual (COM)
Every Air Operator shall establish and maintain a COM
Specific approved operations are indicated here
Amendments shall be submitted to the Minister
Shall be amended by the Air Operator when required
Include instructions and information necessary to enable the personnel to perform their duties safely
Maintenance Control Manual (MCM)
Required by all Air Operators
A Maintenance and Inspection Schedule
Procedures for snags
AD
Standard Safety Briefing
The PIC shall insure that passengers are given a Standard Safety Briefing.
A safety briefing includes use and position of the exits seats belts seat position fire extinguisher ect.
If a Standard Safety Briefing is insufficient due to physical sensory or comprehension limits an Individual Safety Briefing is required.
Operating Instructions
An Air Operator shall ensure that all operations personnel are properly instructed about their duties.
Personnel of an Air Operator shall follow the procedures specified in the Air Operator's COM in the performance of their duties.
Flight Authorization
All flights must be conducted according to the COM
Transport of Passengers in Single-engined Aircraft
No Air Operator may operate a single-engine aircraft with passengers on board in IFR or in night VFR flight.
An Air Operator may operate a single-engine aircraft with passengers on board in IFR or in night VFR flight if the Air Operator is authorized to do so in its Air Operator Certificate and if the aircraft uses a PT6 turbine engine like a Caravan or PC-12.
Aircraft Operating Over Water
No Air Operator shall except when conducting a take-off or landing operate a land aircraft over water beyond a point where the land aircraft could reach shore in the event of an engine failure unless the Air Operator is authorized to do so in its AOC
Simulation of Emergency Situations
No person shall where passengers are on board an aircraft simulate emergency situations that could affect the flight characteristics of the aircraft.
Number of Passengers in Single-engined Aircraft
No Air Operator shall operate a single-engine aircraft with more than nine passengers on board
Carriage of External Loads
Aircraft must be certified to carry a external load
VFR Flight Obstacle Clearance Requirements
Except when conducting a take-off or landing no person shall operate an aircraft in VFR flight unless...
Night: not less than
1,000 feet
above the highest obstacle located within a horizontal distance of
three miles
from the route flown
Day: not less than
300 feet AGL
or at a horizontal distance of less than
300 feet from any obstacle
.
VFR Flight Minimum Flight Visibility - Uncontrolled Airspace
Minimum flight visibility during day VFR flight in a commercial operation in uncontrolled airspace when the ceiling is less than
1,000 feet AGL is 2 miles

or
Whatever is stated in the COM
VFR Flight Weather Conditions
Weather must be checked prior to flight and must be forecasted to be VFR along the route
VFR OTT Flight
An Air Operator may only fly VFR OTT when the COM allows.
Routes in Uncontrolled Airspace
Night VFR or IFR flights in uncontrolled airspace must be listed in a list of approved routes
Info such as MEA, MOCA, distance, track, and navigation aids must be listed.
Weight and Balance Control
All flights must be within weight and balance limits according to the Aircraft Flight Manual.
Procedures must be specified in the COM
Shoulder Harness
The front seats must have a safety belt with a shoulder harness.
Designation of Pilot-in-Command and Second-in-Command
The Air Operator shall designate a pilot-in-command and where the crew includes two pilots a pilot-in-command and a second-in-command.
Flight Crew Member Qualification
Pilot holds the required licenses and ratings
Within the last 90 days completed 3 takeoffs and landings
Complete the Air Operators ground and flight training written and flight tests
Complete a Pilot Proficiency Check (PPC) or a Pilot Competency Check
Pilot Proficiency Check (PPC)
Required for the PIC of a multi engine aircraft or single engine aircraft that flies at night or IFR in a commercial operation.
A Flight Test conducted by Transport Canada or the Company Check Pilot, if approved.
If the PPC includes IFR procedures, the PPC flight test will also renew the Instrument Rating.
I
tems Checked on a PPC Ride Flight planning
Airplane inspection
Taxing
Engine checks
Different types of takeoffs and landings
In-flight maneuvers (steep turns stalls ect)
Normal procedures (anti icing system autopilot avionics)
Abnormal procedures
If the PPC includes IFR privileges then an IFR hold precision approach and non precision approach are to be included.
Grouped PPC
Operators may group similar aeroplanes as a single type for purposes of the Pilot Proficiency Check.

Competency Check
Required for the pilot flying single engine airplanes operated day VFR.

Second-in-Command
When the airplane is certified for two crew, the second in command must complete a PPC as well.
When the aircraft requires a type rating, the pilot shall complete a PPC ride initially and then a Competency Check there after.
Validity Period
A PPC Competency Check and annual training are valid until the first day of the 13th month in an Air Taxi Operation.
May be renewed within 90 days without effecting the renewal date.
Extensions are available for 60 days.
When more then 24 months have passed since the last PPC, the pilot will have to retake initial training.
Training Program
Air Operators must establish and maintain a ground and flight training program that
Ensures that each person who receives training and is competent to perform their duties.
Approved by the Minister

The Training program must include:
1. Company indoctrination training
2. Upgrading training
3. Initial and annual training including
Aircraft type training
Aircraft servicing and ground handling training
Emergency procedures training
Training for operational control personnel
Aircraft surface contamination training for pilots and otheroperations personnel
Dangerous goods transportation (if applicable)
High attitude Training above 13,000 ft.
Distribution of Company Operations Manual
Each crew member ground operator and maintenance person must have their own copy of the COM ..... OR.....
In the aircraft provided that a procedure for amending the COM has been established so that all personnel are kept up to date with the amendments.
The Minister must be notified of any changes made to the COM.
Standard Operating Procedures
SOPs are required to be used in a minimum flight crew (MFC) aircraft of 2 or more.
Enable the crew members to operate the aircraft within the limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual.
Describes how the crew will interact and how the airplane is to be flown.
Single Pilot IFR
Air Taxi aircraft can be flown single pilot IFR.
To do this the aircraft must be equipped with
1. An auto-pilot
2. Headset with a boom mic.
3. Chart holder that is equipped with a light
4. The pilot also requires:
PPC
1000 hours total
100 hours multi
50 hours IFR or simulator
50 hours on type
Aerial Work
Commercial Air Service other than an Air Transport Service or a Flight Training Service.
No passengers only crew members.
Aerial application
Banner towing
Forest fire
Photography
Mapping
Operating Instructions
An Air Operator shall ensure that all operations personnel are properly instructed about their duties.
Personnel of an Air Operator shall follow the procedures specified in the Company Operations Manual (COM) in the performance of their duties.
VFR Minimum Flight Visibility
- Uncontrolled
Airspace Minimum flight visibility during day VFR flight in a Commercial Operation in uncontrolled airspace when the ceiling is less than
1,000 feet AGL is 2 miles
.... OR .....
As stated in the Company Operations Manual.
Night, VFR, OTT, and IFR Operations
No single engine aircraft may be operated at night in a commercial operation unless they have special approval for such
An Air Operator may only fly VFR, OTT or IFR when the COM allows
Aircraft Operating Over Water
No Air Operator shall except when conducting a take-off or landing operate a land aircraft over water beyond a point where the land aircraft could reach shore in the event of an engine failure unless the Air Operator is authorized to do so in its Air Operator Certificate (AOC)
Briefing of Persons other than Flight Crew Members
A briefing for the ground crew must be conducted.
Night and IMC Flights
Commercial aircraft must be equipped with at least one landing light.
Commercial multi-engine aircraft in IMC must be equipped with:
Two generators or alternators each of which is driven by a separate engine.
Two independent sources of energy vacuum and electric for the instruments.
Single Pilot IFR
Requires:
1. An auto-pilot.
2. Headset with a boom mic.
3. Chart holder that is equipped with a light
4. Pilot must have 1,000 hrs total 100 hrs multi 50 hrs IMC or simulator and 50 hrs on type.
Flight Crew Member Qualifications
To be a flight crew member in a Aerial Work Operation
1. Hold the license and ratings required by the Air Operator.
2. Complete a Pilot Proficiency Check (PPC).
3. Completed a ground and flight training program.
Validity Period
A PPC will be completed by Transport Canada Aerial Work
PPC is good to the first day of the 25th month.
PPC may be extended 60 days.
PPC may be renewed within 90 days of the expiry date and still have the same renewal date
Training Program
All Aerial Work Operators must have a training program that is approved by Transport Canada
.1. Company indoctrination training
2. Upgrading training
3. Training in the Aerial Work to be conducted
4. Initial and annual training including"
Aircraft type training
Aircraft servicing and ground handling training
Emergency procedures training
Aircraft surface contamination training
Distribution of Company Operations Manual
Each crew member, ground operator, and maintenance personnel must have their own copy of the COM. ....OR .....
In the aircraft provided that a procedure for amending the COM has been established so that all personnel are kept up to date with the amendments
Standard Operating Procedures
SOPs are required to be used in a minimum flight crew (MFC) aircraft of 2 or more.
Enable the crew members to operate the aircraft within the limitations specified in the Aircraft Flight Manual.
Describes how the crew will interact and how the airplane is to be flown.
Commuter
Multi-engine aircraft with a gross weight of less then 19,000 lbs (8620 kg)
Passenger seating from 10 to 19 seats
Turbo Jet with a max weight of less then 50,000lbs (22,700 kg) and less then 19 seats.
Multi engine aircraft with more then 19,000 lbs and 20 or more passengers

Flight Training Unit
Flight training only
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