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Unit 1: Ancient Art
Transcript of Unit 1: Ancient Art
Statement of Inquiry
Understanding ancient cultures and perspectives allows us as humans to understand our cultural and artistic development throughout time.
Orientation in Space and Time
Art is related to culture and identity and knowledge and understanding of ancient art will equip students with a more holistic background in the arts.
Exploration to Develop:
Civilizations and social histories, heritage; pilgrimage, migration, displacement and exchange
What is considered Ancient Art?
Definition of "Ancient"
According to Merriam-Webster:
1) having had an existence of many years
2) of or relating to a remote period, to a time early in history, or to those living in such a period or time; especially : of or relating to the historical period beginning with the earliest known civilizations and extending to the fall of the western Roman Empire in a.d. 476
3) having the qualities of age or long existence
Ancient Art is...
Many types of art produced by ancient societies considered to be advanced
We will focus on Ancient Art from:
front and back porches
rows of columns
columns look wider in the middle than at the ends
Corfu, Greece 580 B.C.
The Temple of Artemis
clay pots, jars, and vases
painted with religious or mythological symbols
540-530 BCE Clay pot portraying 3 Greek figures: Athena, Hercules, and Artemis
used bronze, marble, and stone
Bronze statue of Zeus, Greek God, 460 BCE
Developed use of concrete
Roman Colosseum, 70-80 C.E./A.D.
Influenced by Greeks but used more realism
Used stone,marble, and bronze
Sculpture of Antinous (The Vaticans Museums, Rome)
used naturalism, developed understanding of perspective, light and shade
painted portraits, nature, and religious art
Dionysiac Frieze, Villa of the Mysteries, before 79 C.E./A.D., just outside the walls of Pompeii (Ancient Roman city) on the Road to Herculaneum
Thank you for your participation and cooperation during Unit 1: Ancient Art!
Thank you very much!
In class dialogue: Every student must participate in discussing Ancient Art. Each student must participate at least 3 times for full marks.
Each student will create a physical (3-D) model of Ancient Art.
Students will then briefly present their art to the class.
Registers- scenes in parallel lines
Sunken relief painting
Painted sunk relief showing orderly registers in the Temple of Ramses II at Abydos
Pyramids, tombs, temples, and palaces built from stone
Decorated with hieroglyphs, paintings, statues,and carved stone images
The Sphinx in front of the Pyramid of Khafre
Some phonetic, others symbolic
Used 3100 BCE (BC) to 400 CE (AD)
Contained many images to represent ideas, words
Hieroglyphs on the White Chapel of Senusret I at Karnak
Designs: leaves, twigs and bunches of grapes, or cone and spiral shaped objects and pendants
Made from: bronze, gold, silver, and electrum (alloy metal)
Common: necklaces of carnelian and lapis, gold earrings, ankle bracelets, silver hair rings, gold medallion pendants, rings, and amulets
Jewelry made with carnelian and lapis (gemstones)
Made from clay cones and stone
Ishtar Gate mosaic outside of Babylon
Conical mosaic columns outside the Eanna temple of the goddess Inanna from Uruk in southern Mesopotamia, 3400-3100 BCE
Sumerian: used sun-dried mud-brick, temples elevated above town (pyramids)
Babylon: tiled gates, tall walls
Ziggurat of (King) Ur-Nammu, circa 2120 BCE or 2000 BCE
*Note: BC (Before Christ) = BCE (Before the Common Era and AD (anno domini) = CE (Common Era)
style varies based on dynasty
The Terracotta Army life-size statues buried with
Emperor Qin, 246–206 BCE
mood conveyed in brush strokes
style of writing helped represent words on paper
used as part of paintings
Biography of Women
by Gu Kaizhi
inspired by poetry, incorporated calligraphy
of landscapes, nature, people
painted on pottery, paper, and silk
How has ancient art influenced art today?
How did ancient art contribute to the society of its era?
Is it important to study ancient art?