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Transcript of Enlightenment
The enlightenment began in the early 1600's and spanned till the early 1800's. It began after the protestant reformation of the 1500's, where people started to get away from the church and its corruption. At this time the church was the main power in Europe and had a strong control over major government powers such as France and Italy. However, even though the church was corrupt, no one had dare challenge its authority because they feared the church would kill them.
The cause and beginning of the enlightenment
The cause and beginning of the Enlightenment continued
So the protestant reformation helped fuel the Enlightenment . It was a time period where scientist or artist were able to flourish and a time where many great thinkers were being born. Cultural revolutions, new ideas and new ways of thinking began during this time as people strayed more and more away from the traditional. More factors include things like the discovery of the new world showing that the church did not know everything. The industrial revolution also helped create the middle class that would latch on to these new ideas and help embrace the age of Reason.
The cause and beginning of the enlightenment continued
It wasn't until the 1500's that someone challenged the church, Martin Luther who posted his ideas that people should not be forgiven for their sins by paying money to the church but by doing good on there own and helping others. The church who was completely against this idea at the time, because they made so much money from this, did not however see him as a threat, but that nobody would listen to him. Eventually though with the aid of the printing press he was able to quickly spread his ideas and by the time he was considered more a threat by the church it was too late. His ideas were spread out across Europe and he was able to hide from the church in modern day Germany where he was protected by a prince.
Alan, John, Hunter
The effect of enlightenment on modern Political thought
The political Thinkers of enlightenment
Thomas Hobbes- Came up with the idea of a leviathan that would keep people in order and keep people good He wrote Leviathan
John Locke- Gave the idea of private property and natural rights. Wrote The 2 treatises of government
Adam Smith- Father of capitalism. He wrote The wealth of nations which gave a complicated but brilliant account of an economic system based in human nature and deeply rooted social dynamics
Rousseau- created the idea of consent of the governed in his work the social contract
Montesquieu came up with Separation of power and check balanaces with the governments
Thomas Jefferson and Benjaimen Franklen- Both helped create the U.S. government and were was also consider to part of this movement
Enlightenment's effects on literature
As the power of the church weakened in Europe their became a power void and this resulted in many of the feudal kings of Europe to try to grow their powers and become absolute rulers and some countries this worked like Russia and Prussia but in others like England and France they had other things happen. England monarch became limited by a parliament and the growing middle grew to have more and more power allowing more liberties to people while France had their king overthrown multiply times in hope of creating their own republic by the end of enlightenment.
During the peak of the enlightenment period literature took a turn for the more serious. It switched from tales of fiction and fear to works of non fiction that tried to more reasonably explain the world around us. Most famous authoress of the time wrote of political views or social and scientific views. Their was also lots of theories about creation and the universe published during this time to try and question the church. Though there was some saterical fiction and plays written during the time they were mostly made to shame and ridicule everyone from the church to the government about their corrupt and unresinable views.
some famous literary minds of the time
Thomas Hobbes-most notablly known for the Leviathan, a story about the commings of the political systems at the time.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau-Most popular 3 works being The Social Contract, Emile, and Confessions. All works on political concept and sciences where he explicitly expresses the need for individual citizens freedom.
Voltaire-best known for his satirical fiction and plays which denounced organized religion and polotics as pernicious and corrupt.
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Francis bacon- came up with thee inductive method where you used reason and observations to coming up with conclusions
Rene Descartes- revolutionized algebra and geometry and made the famous statement “I think, therefore I am.” Also created a deductive approach to philosophy using math and logic
Sir Isaac Newton- mathematician regarded as the father of physical science
Galileo- Came up with the idea of a helocentric model the the universe