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F17 Generation and Gender AN227
Transcript of F17 Generation and Gender AN227
What is a 'youth'?
social position in relation to power, wealth, rights
set into contrast with the social position of elders
make asymmetrical claims on others
not necessarily an age category or linked to biological categories
argues that these dependents are controlled through various mechanisms
Claude Meillassoux (1981)
Guro of Ivory Coast
'Youth' created through exercise of power and claims to knowledge
'elders' control means of production (land) & reproduction (women)
Similarly, Murphy argues that among the Kpelle, youth are controlled by elder via access to knowledge
How do elders control youth through access to knowledge?
Youth are also thought of has having subversive tendencies, able to challenge the authority of elders
particularly in relation to their connection with 'modernity'
youth are seen as 'modern', involved in social change
elders are seen as 'traditional', emblems of community and social stability
What does Gable argue about youths' ability to challenge authority and their relationship to 'modernity' and 'tradition' among the Katama in Guinea-Bissau?
societies demarcate 'youth' differently
need to understand in relation to the wider concept of generation and the relationship between categories
Wealth in People- 1970s
wealth accumulated through people, not objects
'youth' a part of an elder's wealth
alongside wives, children, slaves
dependents (can't command the labor of others)
What is gender? Is it determined by biology?
How did Igbo women lose influence during colonialism? What does it mean to 'sit on a man'?
How is motherhood connected to economic ventures among Asante women? Is there a conflict between motherhood and economic ventures?
Sex- biological differences (X/Y chromosomes, hormones, secondary sexual characteristics)
Gender- culturally & historically constructed norms, values, & behaviors considered appropriate for each 'sex.'
not necessarily biologically DETERMINED. RELATED, but NOT DETERMINED.
“raw material” that we build different ideas, beliefs, meanings, and roles around
----Construction of Reality
How does the Ikpanture relationship develop?
What is its purpose?
"Persons use things to gain access to persons rather than that they use persons to gain access to things"
If the norm in Kabre society is to exchange, how are those who do not exchange understood? What happens to them?