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Transcript of post-impressionist era
By:Julia, Thea, and Zuzanna
-Political and Intellectual Conflict
The Time of Post-Impressionism
- Rural Themes
-Used color to express emotions, rather than painting colors that are seen
"Oxford Art Online." Grove Art: Subject Guide in. Oxford University Press, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/public/page/themes/impressionismandpostimpressionism>.
"Two Ironing Women"
by: Edgar Degas
"The Card Players"
by: Paul Cezanne
-Paris: World Art Capital
-Artificiality of color and light
Noon-Rest From Work
by:Vincent Van Gogh
Born on March 30, 1853 in Groot-Zundert, Holland
Child of Anna Cornelia Carbentus and Reverend Theodorus van Gogh
3 sisters Elisabeth, Anna, and Wil
2 brothers Theo, Cornelis
-Not much known about childhood, everything comes from letters
-Attended local village school and two boarding schools
-Excelled in languages
-Did not show much interest in art
Impressionism's Effect on Post-Impressionism
-Different Subject Matter
-Make form using short brush strokes
-Artists running away from urban chaos
Starry Night Over the Rhone
By: Vincent Van Gogh 1888
- Symbolic Content
-Formal Order and Structure
Wheat Fields with Cypresses
By: Vincent Van Gogh
Fishing Boats on the Beach at Saintes-Maries de-la-Mer
By:Vincent Van Gogh
- Van Gogh changed the short Impressionist brushstrokes into long, curving lines that help convey his messages better
-Other Artists: Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, and Georges Seurat
Voorhies, James. "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Post-Impressionism. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/poim/hd_poim.htm>.
"Post Impressionism." Post Impressionism. Magic Web Solutions UK, n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.artmovements.co.uk/postimpressionism.htm>.
Hepp, Stephanie. "Paris in the 1890's: Politics, Morality and Art | Americans in Paris, Fall 2010." Web log post. Americans in Paris Fall 2010. N.p., 28 Sept. 2010. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://uramericansinparis.wordpress.com/2010/09/28/paris-in-the-1890’s-politics-morality-and-art/>.
Miky. "Any given Day ...: Starry Night Over the Rhone by Vincent Van Gogh." Web log post. : Starry Night over the Rhone by Vincent Van Gogh. N.p., 07 July 2011. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://mikyag.blogspot.com/2011/07/starry-night-over-rhone-by-vincent-van.html>.
Mancoff, Debra N. Fishing Boats on the Beach at Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer. 1888. Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, Amsterdam. HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks, Inc. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/arts/artwork/vincent-van-gogh-paintings-from-arles12.htm>.
Van Gogh, Vincent. Wheat Field with Cypresses. 1889. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. JackyGallery.com. Jacky Gallery. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.jackygallery.com/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=501>.
Paul, Cezanne. The Card Players. 1892. Barnes Foundation, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. AllBuyArt.com. Allbuyart.com. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.allbuyart.com/art-movement-post-impressionism.asp>.
Degas, Edgar. Ironing Women. 1884. Musee D'Orsay, Paris, France. Musée D'Orsay:. Musee D'Orsay. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.musee-orsay.fr/en/collections/works-in-focus/search.html?no_cache=1>.
Van Gogh, Vincent. Noon Rest From Work. 1890. Musee D'Orsay, Paris, France. HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks, Inc. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/arts/artwork/vincent-van-gogh-paintings-from-saint-remy16.htm>.
Nave, Nave Moe
By: Paul Gaugin
Gaugin, Paul. Nave, Nave Moe. 1894. Hermitage Museum, St.Petersburg. WebMuseum:. BMW Foundation. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/gauguin/>.
A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte
By: Georges Seurat
Seurat, Georges. A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. 1884. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago. 1st-art-gallery.com. 1st Art Gallery Inc. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.1st-art-gallery.com/Georges-Seurat/A-Sunday-Afternoon-On-The-Island-Of-La-Grande-Jatte.html>.
Le Lac d'Annecy
By: Paul Cezanne
Cezanne, Paul. The Lac D'Annecy. 1896. Courtland Gallery, London. Artsunlight.com. Art Sunlight Corporation. Web. 25 Nov. 2013. <http://www.artsunlight.com/artist-NC/N-C0009-Paul-Cezanne/N-C0009-0564-the-lac-d-annecy.html>.
Goupil & Cecil
-In 1870 starts an apprenticeship at Goupil & Cecil with help of his Uncle Cent
-1873 transferred to London branch
-1875 transferred to main branch in Paris
-Left firm in March of 1876
The Miners (1875)
"What lives in art and is eternally living, is first of all the painter, and then the painting" Vincent van Gogh
Beginnings As An Artist
-By the end of 1881 he was taking lessons from Anton Mauve
-Lived with a prostitute, Sien Hoomik
Van Gogh's Middle Years
-Ended relationship with Sien
-Uninspired, moved back in with parents
-Continued to practice art
-Introduced to Jean-Franqois Millet who also depicted peasant life
First Great Works: 1885
-Models own style after Millet
-Peasants inspired his first great painting: The Potato Eaters
-Encouraged him to better himself as an artist
-Moved in with brother Theo
-Exposed him to new artists
-1888 mental illness worsens
-Befriends Paul Gauguin, moves to Arles in 1888, Gauguin joins him
-Pursues Gauguin with knife and threatens him
-Later that day cuts off his ear, offers to a prostitute
-1889 committed himself to an asylum, produced many paintings including Starry Night
-What we know comes from letters with Theo
-Offered financial and emotional support
-Died six months after Vincent
-Very important period in Van Gogh's life
-Loses interest in becoming an art dealer
-Van Gogh more interested with religion
-Followed father's footsteps but then abandons lessons
-Began a ministry with the miners of Borinage, Belgium
-Fascination in charcoal drawings of peasant life around him
-Lost interest in religion
-Pressure of Theo to leave
something important behind
-In 1886 briefly enrolled in Academy in Antwerp
-Introduced to Peter Paul Ruben and various Japanese artists, affected his style of art
-1886 moved to Paris and immersed in Impressionism and Post-Impressionism
-Buried next to eachother
-Sunday July 27, 1890 in Auvers-sur-Oise took his art supplies and went to a field
-Shoots himself with a revolver,
dies two days later from wound
-Theo is with Vincent in his last hours
Van Gogh's Mental State
-Paints sunflowers throughout Gauguin's room, become one of signature pieces
-Theo's widow takes Van Gogh's collection to Holland
-Publishes his work
Started copying prints and reading drawing manuals
Necessary to maser black and white first
Did over 1000 drawings
Allowed Van Gogh to capture light and images quickly
Channeling his depression
Sketch out the vision for a painting
Van Gogh's subjects were figures, landscapes, cityscapes, scenery
Famed for his brushstrokes which expressed emotion
Produced 150 watercolor pieces
Add shades to his drawings
Didn't capture his brushstrokes
This is a type of printing process
Experimented in lithography
Created 9 known lithography pieces
Style changed when moved to Paris
Used brighter colors
Experimented with broken brushstrokes of impressionists
Hugely influenced by japanese prints
he painted outlines then fill it in
sometimes restricted palette
From Paris to Arles
Moved in 1888 where Van Gogh lived with Gauguin
Van Gogh imitating Gauguin technique
Apply paint thickly and use a larger brush
Vincent Van Gogh's paintings became more attractive and less realistic
During this time he used colors to capture the mood