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Preparing for College
Transcript of Preparing for College
develops skills you can use every day; making you more well rounded
meeting new people there builds contacts for future references and making life-long friends.
you become an expert in your field of work while learning about something you love
opens up doors for jobs and bigger salaries
will help you succeed in your future job
Difference between Colleges and Universities Colleges offers a 2 year program and a collection of degrees in one specific area, and doesn't usually offer a four year program.
Universities are a collection of colleges, where you graduate from one of their colleges. (Usually go for a four year program) Examples of Colleges and Universities Universities- Mansfield University, Lock Haven University, Bucknell University, Penn State University, and Millersville University.
Colleges- Messiah College, Lycoming College, Lehigh Valley College, Penn College, and Gettysburg College. Degrees Associates Degree- usually a two year degree offered at community colleges, technology colleges, and trade schools. Ex.- A.A.
Bachelors Degree- a four year degree usually from a university. Ex.- B.A and B.S.
Masters Degree- usually takes two to three years to earn from a university. Ex.- M.A and M.S.
Doctorates Degree- usally takes four to eight years to complete from a university. Ex.- Ph.D. or D.E. Differences between Majors and Minors Major- a primary program of courses meeting requirements for a degree; what your career is intended for.
Minor- a chance to tailor your degree even further by pursueing your own interests or something that goes along with your major.
For Example I am planning on my major to be Elementary Education and my minor to be Special Education
There are also different types of majors like Double Majors and Simultaneous Majors.
A Double Major is when you have two different majors in the same college.
A Simultaneous Major is when you have two different majors from two different colleges. Semesters Fall semester starts Mid-August and ends the first or second week of December.
Every semester starts with 8 weeks, a midterm break, midterms, another 8 weeks, finals, and then a finish. Schedules and Scheduling Example of schedules;
MWF- Monday, Wednesday, and Friday classes meet three times per week for one hour.
TH- Tuesday, and Thursday classes meet two times a week for one and a half hours.
Night classes meet once a week for three hours.
Scheduling and changes;
You can schedule your semester/year online. Also you can schedule with an advisor from your college of choice. However, Freshman don't ususually get to create their own schedule, the college does it for you. You can also change your schedule before the first day of the semester without a problem. It is still possible to change your schedule after the semester starts but it is tougher. However after about the fifth day of classes or so you can't change your schedule anymore. Credits One Credit is equal to one hour.
You need a certain amount of credits depending on your major and where you go to college.
All colleges require a General Education reqirement of credits.
Also there is always a specific grade requirement to stay in college usually at least a 2.00.
Classes There are many classes you will have to take throughout your college career. This includes things that deal with your major and or minor and your General Education classes. In class you may have a wide variety of people anywhere from 25-225 in one class. However core classes are usually only 15-25 students. Class methods depends on the professor you have, but usually all professors in the first class will give you a syllabus outlining the semester which includes projects, tests, and other assignments.
Professors Professors are more strict that your average high school teacher. Some professors are specialized in a certain feild in the class you take and may have a Doctorates. Professors have verious teaching syles and may have a teaching assistant in their class. Also they may be from out of the country. Professors will not help you if you are sick and miss a class, they won't catch you up. Also you cannot take any quizzes or tests you miss, they will be 0's. However, professors have office hours and will help you review for certain things in class as a class. Always take advantage of this as a good way to help you if you are struggling in class or just want someone to check over your work. Attendance You are not required to attend classes
You are resposible for your own attendance
You can be kicked out of a class for so many days not attended
Your proffesor will not catch you up in the class even if you are sick, you have to rely on someone else in the class for notes
You cannot make up any quizzes or tests missed, they are automatically a zero Withdrawing After the scheduling change period until the end of the tenth week of a semester you can withdraw from a class and your grade will be changed to a "W." Refunds may or may not be available to you depending on when you decide to withdraw from a class.
100% refund through drop period
80% refund through 2nd week
60% refund through 3rd week
50% refund through 4th week
40% refund through 5th week
*No refunds after the fifth week.
General Education Courses There are required General Education courses in college. Some of these are already a required class you must take, and some you may choose from a category yourself. For example a required General Education class may include Fitness and Recreational Skills where you could choose from different classes like; Basic training, Team sports, Fitness Dance, and Swimnastics. Benefits of Living on Campus Extracurricular Activities The benefits of living on campus would be that you don't have to worry about driving to the school to go to classes. Also you don't have to worry about extra driving for activities, or work. There are many extracurricular activities at different colleges. For example; sports, club sports and recreation, intramural sports, greek letter organization, and fraternities and sororities. Preparing and Living on Campus Preparing for campus includes packing and getting ready for the crazy emotions and crowds on move in day, and meeting your roommate. You must pack everything you will need for living away from home. Once you move in and are ready to begin your life on campus you will have to get your I.D., schedule, and books. On Campus Housing Residence Halls- a dorm room which is usually a double room with a roommate of your choice. Also you may get two roommates depending on the way rooming goes. However you can get a single room.
Apartments- you may get an apartment with a bunch of people on campus. Housing Costs and Meal Plans RH-single-about $2,000 per semester
RH-double-about $2,000 per semester
RH-triple-about $1,500 per semester
Apts.-about $2,500 per semester
19 meals per week is a meal plan where you will always be on campus and won't go home on weekends.
14 meals per week is a meal plan where you will be on campus through the week and go home on weekends.
10 meals per week is a meal plan where you would live off campus or in an apartment.
175 Block is when you pay for a meal on a card. Benefits For Having Roommates Roommates help people who build character, relationship skills, communication skills, flexibility, and team work. Also sometimes a roommate can be a best friend for life, and still talk to them after college. Applications Applications can be done online or in an information packet. Most applications have a fee of $25-$35. Transcripts This includes your high school averages, classes, and credits. This is sent to the college/university of your choice along with the application. Resumes A resume is a more detailed version of an application and is good to send with an application. It usually entails your abilities, education, experience with volunteering and work, and extracurricular activities. SAT Scores Letters of Recommendations Essays Interviews, Portfolios, and Auditions Financial Aid SAT scores are another thing that is usually sent in with your application. On the SAT registration form you include schools that you want to apply to and they will send your scores to those schools once available. Sometimes for admission to certain colleges you have to have a certain SAT score to get in. Letters of recommendation are another thing that you can send in with your application to a college and usually are recommended or required by the college to have at least three. These can be from coaches, teachers, advisors, counselors supervisors, or employers. These letters should highlight your qualities and experiences and what makes you an excellent college candidate. Essays are another part of an application that is usually an option or requirement to do. There are usually various topics to choose from and they are then reviewed by the director of admissions. The director of admissions will then look at your essay for you presentation of ideas, writing quality, grammar, spelling, punctuation, and capitalization of your essay. These are all chances to meet the Admissions Director. They will review your application and resume in person at an interview and may ask you a few questions to determine if you would be a candidate for the program your looking at. A portfolio is usually used for someone in Art and they will be looking at your photography, art, designs, and samples of your work. Auditions are usually for a theatre major and will be held in August/September. There are various deadlines for all of these things and they may have different ways of accepting your application. There are many different ways to get Financial Aid to pay for college. A most common way would be using FAFSA. FAFSA is a way to apply for a loan which is then determined by these people. This requires information from the student, and their student dependency status, students parent's information, and their finances. You may choose to apply on paper or online, but online application is recommended. FAFSA is done in the spring of your Senior year. There are also grants which are determined by FAFSA as well, which doesn't have to be repaid. Stafford loans are another source but must be repaid , you fill out an application for FAFSA and then it is administered by the U.S Department of Education. If you are eligible for one you must sign a promissery note for repayment. Student Bank Loans are another way of getting financial aid and may be used to pay for ALL college needs. However, then there are scholarships which are a monetary award, which is free money. These can be found online and are usually given based on academics, athletics, etc. Also there is a Financial Aid Office on every campus, you should stop in there on a college visit to see what you can do to get help paying for college. Conclusion There are many different parts of college. There are many options for everyone based on who they are and where they come from and what they want to do with their lives. These things are all part of a college experience and are used by everyone. (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr (cc) photo by theaucitron on Flickr