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Issues Analysis Assignment: Equality in Women's Education

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Christina Petsinis

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Issues Analysis Assignment: Equality in Women's Education

Equality in Women's Education inequalities experienced by them Why should we care? Background Who plays a role? Role of Control Role of Canada Role of NGOs Case Studies Ethiopia Jamaica Possible Solutions Discussion ...should we be interfering with these cultures’ perception of what is right and just? ...should we in fact be making these changes, and influencing these societies? Terms to define At home: Globally: status of women and girls in education globally why are they prevalent in so many societies? Equality: Basic human rights: Education: the quality of being the same in quantity or measure, value, or status with no bias based on gender, religion, ethnicity, etc. references in global documents; provide recognition of the inherit dignity and rights of all people general knowledge, developing powers of reasoning and judgment, and preparing oneself (or others) for mature life Overview how equal opportunities for girls’ education in developing countries might be achieved affects not only every girl and woman on Earth, but all of its men. Men are affected through their families, by their sisters, mothers, wives and daughters. Sons Brothers Husbands/Fathers Girl one of the greatest, untapped resources in the developing world, and to educate them is to liberate them (CARE). By empowering and educating girls, the world has the power to change nearly infinitely and for the better. incredibly impoverished country lack of resources and lack of government funding for equality in education well-developed matriarchal society secondary school and university education, female students outnumber males though a relatively small number of women occupy positions of real power or influence Patriarchy: (rule by fathers); the male is the primary authority figure Matriarchy: females have the central roles of political leadership, moral authority, and control of property Minoan culture of Crete (5000 BC) and early indigenous European groups most likely stemmed from spiritual beliefs surrounding a Great Goddess or Mother Goddess figure Always been an issue? Changed as men took power and created regulations to devalue or diminish the role of their female counterparts Victorian Era: 1837 - 1901 Men held the upper hand in matters of law, politics, and education Women were expected to assume the traditional roles of the time to keep women in this position, education was limited Early 1900s Western world: suffragettes won the right to vote and work Girls were admitted into prestigious universities; 1980: the ratio of female to male students had climbed to just under 40% in Canada and the United States* lies clearly with the governments and organizations, and not with the individual women up to more developed countries such as Canada to affect change in regions where inequality in girls’ education is still present Perception women: seen as subordinate, incapable of making decisions or taking part in vital roles or institutions. patriarchal society has been unwilling to let go of this power constitutionally Ethiopia is a federal democratic state; dominated by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church representative parliamentary democratic monarchy has been controlled and governed by men and the resulting patriarchal system of values. men control such areas of life as politics and more powerful medical institutions. oppression and entitlement patriarchal governments and cultures have kept women and girls silent and undereducated ignoring well over half of their overall resources Equality in education will only be achieved when
the sources of power can fully realize the spark of potential each child holds, regardless of
a gender bias as old as time itself. so much more than just human rights to education...
cultural and religious prejudice, economic struggles, relieving poverty, and environmental and living factors. A society cannot grow without formal education so there is a desperate need for equality in education 2. NGOs and developed countries entering developing countries and advocating for gender equality in education 3. Provide countries with funding to improve the status of women in education unrealistic to expect developing countries to pushing for change might upset a balance and cause major issues. 1. Educate the public about the issue education and advocating alone does not solve anything. HOWEVER... HOWEVER... HOWEVER... model for the rest of the world ? Over the past decade, women made on average 71% of men’s earnings Women made up 78% of those enrolled in education programs, 75% in health related programs, and 66% in applied and fine arts programs. Females make up only 30% of mathematics and physical science students, and 24% of engineering and applied science students. "traditionally female areas of study" STEM-related fields of study; fewer than one in five STEM-field workers are female realize that the stereotypes that exist today no longer apply and that girls can provide a cornerstone in the STEM-related fields. Stephen Lewis Foundation Girl Child Network -- provide care at the community level to women who are ill and struggling to survive
-- assist orphans and other AIDS-affected children in every possible way, from the payment of school fees to the provision of food help thousands of women and girls break out of the cycle of poverty through their own education rescued hundreds of Zimbabwean girls from the horrors of sexual and physical abuse led to increased female enrollment in Zimbabwe schools Fights global poverty Improves basic health and education, enhances rural communities, and expands economic opportunity "Equipped with the proper resources, women and girls have the power to help entire communities escape poverty." Mission: improve the lives of children living in poverty through education. Empower children to build a stable livelihood and future for themselves and their families. elitist attitude towards the rights of knowledge 1974, primarily Christian families and the central Amhara demographics that had the easiest access to education in Ethiopia yet less that 10% were literate culture promotes early marriages and deeply rooted family value systems* Working with both local communities and federal governmental systems The Good News the total number of students in primary school between the ages of 7 and 14, has increased to 77% Turnaround of education for girls within Ethiopia may be taking place slowly, but it is happening women are comparatively more educated than men Surplus of girls in the classroom = men do not receive as well-rounded education then have difficulty finding work due to the overflow of educated women in the workforce. YET men still hold a substantial amount of power in the workforce. "We did have an acting principal who was female. But her appointment was, even from the very beginning, temporary. [...] very single Academic Dean at Mona is male... (a)nd I certainly don't think the University of the West Indies is going to be ready for a female Vice-Chancellor any time soon." develop their own education system. Millennium Summit: Millennium Declaration was adopted by 189 nations and signed by 147 heads of state and governments 8 goals; response to the global community’s developmental challenges, and two of the goals in
particular are relevant to the education of women and girls “ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.” ..eliminate the gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005,
and at all levels by 2015.” UN: September 2000
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