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Copy of Historical and Legal foundation of education in the philippi

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Marjori Larida

on 13 December 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Historical and Legal foundation of education in the philippi

Legal History of Philippine Education
SPANISH PERIOD
AMERICAN PERIOD
PRE - SPANISH
Historical and Legal Foundation of Education in the Philippine
Brief History
The early Filipino were already civilized before the Spanish came and conquer our country. They had government, laws, education, writing, literature, religion, customs and traditions, commerce and industries and arts and services.
EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM
• Rituals and ceremonies are considered as program that time
• For conformity
EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES
• Apprenticeships – at home
• Knowledge and skills
• Institutionalized – religious and imitation
• Attending religious rituals and ceremonies
BRIEF HISTORY
Almost 333 years, colonized the Philippines.
They are after the 3G’s.
• God – religion
• Gold – treasure
• Glory – power

EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS
1. Elementary Education
Parochial Schools
Visitas (chapel)
2. Secondary Education
• Seminarios – religious vacation
• Beaterios – for girls
• Institutes
• Colegios
3. Higher Education
• UST – Colegio de Sto. Rosario
• 1995 – World Youth Day – Mass in Quirino Grandstand and UST (Pope John Paul II)
• College De San Jose
Public School System
• Mass Education
• Elementary Education
• Secondary Education
• Higher Education
• Vocational Education

METHODS
Royal Decree of 1863
(Educational Act of 1863)
• Establishment of complete system of education in the country comprising of elementary, secondary and collegiate leves
• The provision of government supervision and control of these schools
• The establishment of teacher training institutions
• English language was used as a medium of instruction
• New subject areas were introduced – reading, writing, arithmetic, language, good manners and right conduct, civics, hygiene and sanitation, gardening, domestic science, American History and Philippine History
• American textbooks and reading materials were only educational material used.
• Technical/vocational skills were emphasized
• “Thomasites” were the first teacher
• Grade 7 was included
BRIEF HISTORY
Treaty of Paris – December 10, 1898, terminated the Spanish American raging in Cuba and the Philippines were ceded to the United States by Spain for the paltry sum of US million.
Educational Program
1. Elementary Education
• Parochial Schools
• Visitas (chapel)
2. Secondary Education
• Seminarios – religious vacation
• Beaterios – for girls
• Institutes
• Colegios
3. Higher Education
• UST – Colegio de Sto. Rosario
• 1995 – World Youth Day – Mass in Quirino Grandstand and UST (Pope John Paul II)
• College De San Jose
Public School System
• Mass Education
• Elementary Education
• Secondary Education
• Higher Education
• Vocational Education
EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES
Royal Decree of 1863
(Educational Act of 1863)
• Establishment of complete system of education in the country comprising of elementary, secondary and collegiate levels

• The provision of government supervision and control of these schools

• The establishment of teacher training institutions

• English language was used as a medium of instruction

• New subject areas were introduced – reading, writing, arithmetic, language, good manners and right conduct, civics, hygiene and sanitation, gardening, domestic science, American History and Philippine History

• American textbooks and reading materials were only educational material used.

• Technical/vocational skills were emphasized

• “Thomasites” were the first teacher

• Grade 7 was included
Commonwealth
Period

BRIEF HISTORY
Commonwealth started in 1935 with Manuel L. Quezon as the President. “Preparatory Period” that would enable of the Filipinos to deserve independence.
EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM
• Formal Institution for the adults (called non – formal education) – Transfer the vocational – industrial education program from the formal to non – formal system.
EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES
• “Filipino” language was used as the medium of Instruction.

• Vocational Schools were made more similar in curriculum to Academic Schools.

• Celebration of National Language Week every August.
1. Commonwealth Act No. 80 in 1963 – Office of Adult Education

2. Commonwealth Act No. 4 – ROTC

3. Executive Order No. 17
(Quezon Code of Ethics)
Foundations Stone of Emerging Philosophy of Philippine Education System.
4. 1935 Constitution

• Moral Character
• Personal Discipline
• Civic Conscience
• Vocational Efficiency
• Citizenship Training

JAPANESE PERIOD
BRIEF HISTORY
World War II
• It started when the Naval of bombers attack Pearl Harbor in Hawaii in December 1941. The United States declared war against Japan. As a consequence of the war the Philippines was occupied by the Japanese. Because Philippines is a colony of America. For three years the Filipinos suffered (January3, 1942 – July 5, 1945
EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES
• Re – opening of Elementary Schools

• Re – opening of the vocational and normal schools

• Institutions of higher learning giving course in agriculture, medicine, fisheries and engineering

EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE
• Japanese language is popularize to terminate the use of English

• Filipino children went to school to learn Japanese songs and games

• There was a strict censorship of textbooks and other learning materials

• The teachers were to become condescending mouthpieces of Japanese Propaganda
THIRD REPUBLIC
FOR DEMOCRACY
BRIEF HISTORY
Manuel Roxas is the first president of the Third Republic. During his administration he granted general amnesty to those who collaborated with the Japanese in World War II. Elpidio Quirino was elevated to the Presidency when Roxas died of heart attack in 1948. In 1953, Ramon Magsaysay was elected. He is known as the “Man of Masses”. He died in an airplane crashed in March 1957. Carlos Garcia succeeded to the presidency of Magsaysay’s death.
His administration emphasized the nationalist theme of “Filipino First”, arguing that the Filipino should be given the chance to improve the country’s economy. Diosdado Macapagal was elected president in the 1961 election. He changed the celebration of Independence Day from July 4 to June 12, to honor the day Emilio Aguinaldo declared independence from Spain in 1898.
THE NEW SOCIETY
PROCLAMATION 1081
SEPTEMBER 21, 1972
EDUCATIONAL REVOLUTION
PLEDGES
Peace and Order
Land Reform
Economic Development
Development of Moral Values
Government reorganization
Employment and manpower development
Social Services
TYPES
For National Development
AIMS
Love of Country
Teaches duties of citizenship
Develops and moral character
Self - discipline
Science and Technology and vocational efficiency
P. D. 6 - A or Educational Decree of 1972
PCSPE of National Development

P. D. 25 s. 1974
Bilingual Education
P. D. 1006
Consider Teacher as Professional and teaching as Profession
B.P. 232 act 1982
Providing establishment of an integrated system of education (Formal and non- formal)
FOURTH REPUBLIC
Cory Aquino
People Power at EDSA February 25, 1986

Division of DECS
Basic Education
TESDA
CHED
Establishment of Teacher Educ, Center of Excellence
Professionalization Act of Teachers
TechVoc Reform
LEGAL MANDATES
1. Code of Kalantiaw
2. Based on the elderly rule of the chief in the barangay

• Parents
• Elders
• Babaylan and Katalona

PROPONENTS
PROPONENT
Spanish missionaries
LEGAL MANDATES
1. Fist Philippine Commission (President William McKinley, April 7, 1900)
• Bring about an era of a new form of colonial governance over a long oppressed people.
2. Educational Act No. 34
(January 21, 1901)
• Established the Department of Public Instruction
3. Organic Act 1916
• Department of Public Instruction is headed by as secretary

4. Act no. 74 – Educational Act of 1901
• “Organic School Law” of the Philippines
• Continuance of Public/Private Schools
• Prohibits teacher from teaching religion
5. Act No. 3162 & 3196 – Munroe Survey Commission in 1925
• Evaluate the entire educational system they setup

6. Concurrent Resolution No. 17 in the Philippine Legislature in 1925
• Public Schools were design to promote the establishment of self – governing Philippine state, independent and democratic
7. Act 477 – Bureau of Education

8. Act 2708 – Government inspection and supervision of private school obligatory

9. Act 2957 – Board of Textbook
The fall of Bataan (Death March)
April 9, 1942 – The March started from Mariveles, Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga where many Americans and Filipinos died.
• The fall of Corregidor
May 6, 1942 – Corregidor fell in the hands of the Japanese

• Puppet Government
where Japanese Military Chief governs – JoseP. Laurel is the President of the Philippines during that time.
LEGAL MANDATES
1. Executive Order No. 2 – Basic Principles of Education
• To make the people understand the position of the Philippines as a member of East Asia co – Prosperity Sphere

• To eradicate the old idea of reliance upon the Western Nations

• To promote friendly relations between Japanese and the Philippines

• To endeavor to elevate the morals to the people giving up the overemphasis on materialism

• To strive for the diffusion of Japanese language in the Philippines to terminate the use of English in the due course

• To put an importance to the diffusion of elementary education and to the promotion of vocational education

• To inspire the people with the spirit to love labor
LEGAL MANDATES
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