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Transcript of Push-In
An ESL Instructional Method
Why should we use
push-in instead of the traditional pull-out model?
How can you have a successful
An Ideal Push-In
So in the best of circumstances, what does this actually look like in the classroom?
Connect with the ESOL teacher
provide lesson plans and access to curriculum
find time to PLAN together
Continually assess what is happening.
"Is this working for the kids?" If not, change things!
The ESOL teachers have many strategies and techniques for teaching ELL students, and they are always learning new things. Ask them to share some of these with you and your class.
The basic definition of Push-In Instruction is when the ESOL (English for Speakers of Other Languages) teacher goes into the mainstream classroom to assist the ELL (English Language Learner) students in that class.
Also called: Inclusion, Co-teaching, & Team teaching
The ESOL teacher can provide differentiated instruction during class time.
ESOL teachers have been specially trained in modifying classroom instruction for the second language learner and can model ESL strategies for the general ed teacher.
While in the classroom, ESOL teachers will be able to identify classroom needs and problems that their ESL students might have.
In an ideal push-in situation, the ESOL teacher and the classroom teacher are partners with flexible, interchangeable roles.
Be flexible and creative.
Expect an adjustment period. Be open-minded.
Here's what researchers have found:
Pull Out ESL content is often completely unrelated to mainstream academics which makes ELLs' educational experiences fragmented (Dove & Honigsfeld, 2010)
When students are pulled out of their mainstream classes, they miss important academic subjects (Thomas & Collier, 1999)
Pull out ESL students often feel lost and detached from their classroom peers (Fu et al., 2007)
Potential Problems with Push-In
Some teachers may have a hard time letting another teacher come into their classroom to share teaching responsibilities.
Both the classroom teacher and the ESOL teacher need to be familiar with the curriculum and need to plan together. This is difficult to find the
The classroom teacher needs to see value in the ESOL teacher's presence in the classroom. If there is friction between teachers, the students are the ones who are harmed.
Unlike with the Pull-Out model of instruction, the Push-In student is not getting direct instruction in basic English language skills. So students new to English will still need to be pulled out for English instruction.
A few more notes on Push-in.
Push-in instruction is not...
Pull-Out in the classroom.
An in-class translation service.
The ESL teacher functioning as a classroom assistant.
One teacher doing all the instruction while the other teacher watches.
Best strategies for Push-In
Small group work - where the ESL teacher can be assigned to work with a group of ESL students and other students needing additional help.
Lots of visuals and realia - Ask your ESL teacher if he or she has any materials that complement your topic for that day's lesson.
Use scaffolding and differentiated instruction.
teachers who WANT to collaborate
support from the administration who will give you the time needed for collaboration
a mutual respect between the teachers who are working together
the students' best interest ALWAYS at the forefront of each decision
To make Push-in work you must have: