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Transcript of Sahara Desert
The Sahara Desert is located in Africa.
This is a map of Africa. The Sahara Desert is
3,600,000 sq. mi. large.
The Sahara Desert is the largest hot
desert and the third largest desert.
The largest is Antartica the second largest is the Arctic.
The average temperature of the Sahara in summer is 86 degrees fahrenheit. In winter the average is 55 degrees fahrenheit.
One day in 1922 the temp reached 136 degrees.
This graphic shows the average temperature by month.
Some parts of the Sahara get less than 2 centimeters of rainfall each year. It is one of the harshest climates in the world.
There are 70 different species of animals
that can survive the harsh climate of the Sahara Desert.
Here are 7 different plants that adapted to live in the Sahara:
These are a few animals found
in the Sahara.
7. Kit Fox
Very few people are aware of the fact that olive trees are also found in areas bordering the Nile river. It was in Africa where the olive trees were first cultivated and later their cultivation spread to other countries. Olive trees are an important plant in the Sahara desert's ecosystem. These trees also serve as a lucrative business for the natives.The yellow line is the Nile river.
The African Peyote cactus
The African peyote cactus is built with thick stems. The thickness of the stems helps the plant to hold back water for a considerable amount of time. The leaves of the cactus are reduced to spines. This helps in preventing water loss from the inside of the cactus to evaporation. In absence of any rain in the desert, these properties of the plant are the main reasons for its survival.
The Common Fig
This is a tree that reaches a height of up to 6 m. It is also included in the list of the plants that survive in the Sahara Desert. Although it is surprising the growth of this moist, edible fruit-bearing tree in the desert, it is true that figs have been a main part of the people's diet in Africa.
The African Welwitchsia
The African Welwitchsia manages to survive the harsh conditions of the Sahara desert due to its extremely deep roots. These roots go deep into the earth and absorb as much water as possible. This helps the plant to survive with the hot and dry desert conditions. The African Welwitchsia has been known to survive for over hundreds or even thousands of years!
This native plant of the Nile River Valley is also known as Gingerbread Palm, Gingerbread Tree, Doum Palm and Egyptian Palm. It is used in tea or made into molasses, cakes and sweetmeats. This palm tree does not produce branches instead its leaves go out from the trunk of the tree and its seeds can be found in many Egyptian tombs. It was a sacred tree for the ancient Egyptians.
Apart from being a major food source for the animals of the Sahara desert, thyme herbs are commonly used in African and Middle East dishes and meals. Botanically known as Thymus Vulgaris, this multipurpose herb has been used for treating indigestion, respiratory infections, and spasms. Thyme herbs are drought-resistant and grow easily in the dry soils of the desert.
Magaria fruits are of a muted brown color and kind of resemble cherries. Flour extracted from dried magaria fruits are typically used by the people of the Sahara desert to make cakes.
Those are some of the plants that can survive in the Sahara Desert.
Dromedary camels store fat in their humps and not water. It can drink up to 100 liters of water in 10 minutes! But it is the favorite domesticated animal among the Saharan people as it has great strength, endurance and can go without water and food for a very long time.
The natural adaptations for Kit Foxes survival are their fur helps them camouflage and they are nocturnal. They can go hunting without being caught by a predator in the dark when it is cooler.
Here are some adaptations of animals in the Sahara:
The rodents, and the, insects are at the bottom of the food web because they eat plants.
The tarantula, scorpion, lizard, and snake, are second because they eat the animals below them.
The Kit Fox, and the Desert Eagle
are last because they eat the animals below them also.
A food web looks like this:
This is the food web:
People have installed oil rigs in the
Sahara. They collect the oil
from fossils. The oil
comes from the dinosaurs
that used to roam there.
The oil rigs are tall and not very wide.
They drill a hole in the ground where there is water.
we should stop this YES or NO
Some natural disasters that happen
in the Sahara desert are sink holes
and sand storms.
People have also performed military testing and training in the populated areas.
This endangers the Sahara people and their lives. The military tests their bombs and nukes in this desert. The bombs create sandstorms that can last for WEEKS!
Your body feels like the scales on a lizards back.
Snakes slither across your path.
Cactus take your water.
Wind blows your sand.
You choke plants of their water
and you bury pyramids of their existence.
Your climates are hot, but no rain.
Your dunes cover Africa and its land.
You are hot as a frying pan.
Humans steal your oil.
They use bombs for sandstorms.
Mountains give way to sink holes that are a mile wide.
Kit foxes roam your night.
Desert Eagles soar in your day.
You are the Sahara desert
and your gonna stay that way.
Impact of humans on the Sahara
The Sahara Desert
A Desert Biome
by Ben Lindsey
A special thanks to my Mom and my Dad for helping me out. XOXO to them.
Weintraub,Aileen . "The Sahara Desert The Biggest Desert"
New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 2001
The word "Sahara" in the Arabic Language means desert. So when you say, "The Sahara Desert" you are really saying, "The Desert Desert"!
"Characteristics and Climate of Deserts."
"Sahara Desert Animals."
"Sahara Desert Biome."