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LANGUAGE LEARNING STYLES AND STRATEGIES

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Ana cecilia perez

on 6 May 2014

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Transcript of LANGUAGE LEARNING STYLES AND STRATEGIES

Learning styles
Introduction
Learning strategies
Learning styles
Implications
Claudia López
Ana Pérez
.
.
Abstract
“Learning style is the
biologically and developmentally imposed set of characteristics that make the same teaching
method wonderful for some and terrible for others”
(Cornett, 1983, p. 9)
(Dunn & Griggs, 1988, p. 3)
ESL/ EFL difference
Learning styles
Social
LANGUAGE LEARNING STYLES AND STRATEGIES
Psycholinguistics and SLA
Rebecca L. Oxford, Ph.D.

“The overall patterns that give general direction to learning behavior”
Sensory Preferences
Personality Types
"Significant relationships between personality type
and L2 proficiency in native-English-speaking learners of foreign languages"
Biological Differences
Attuning L2 Instruction and Strategy Instruction to Learners’ Style Needs
Remembering that No Single L2 Instructional Methodology Fits All Students
What makes a strategy positive and helpful for a given learner?
Assessing learning styes and strategies in the L2 classroom
Preparing for and Conducting L2 Strategy Instruction
Learning styles
Learning strategies

Implications in the L2 classroom
The strategy relates well to the L2 task at hand

The strategy fits the particular student’s learning style preferences

The student employs the strategy effectively and links it with other relevant strategies
Strategy use often relates to style preferences
(Ehrman & Oxford, 1989; Oxford, 1996a, 1996b)
Conscious movement toward goals
(Pressley with McCormick, 1995)
Positive Outcomes from Strategy Use

Related to student achievement and proficiency
(Pressley & Associates, 1990)
Studies found that
Less able learners used strategies in a random, unconnected, and uncontrolled manner
More effective learners showed careful orchestration of strategies, targeted in a relevant, systematic way at specific L2 tasks

(Abraham & Vann, 1987; Chamot et al., 1996)
In a study of learners of English in Puerto Rico, more successful students used strategies for active involvement more frequently than did less successful learners,

Green and Oxford (1995)
Categories of L2 Learning Strategies
Cognitive strategies
Metacognitive strategies
Memory-related strategies
Compensatory strategies
Affective strategies
Social strategies
Desired Degree of Generality
"Learning styles are not dichotomous. Learning styles generally operate on a continuum or on multiple, intersecting continua."
(Ehrman, 1996)
Visual
Auditory
Kinesthetic
Tactile
"The physical, perceptual learning channels with which the student is the most comfortable"
Extroverted vs. Introverted
Intuitive-Random
vs.
Sensing-Sequential
Thinking vs. Feeling
Closure-oriented/Judging vs.
Open/Perceiving
Global or holistic
Analytic
Biorhythms
Sustenance
Location
"The biological aspects of L2 learning style are often forgotten, but vigilant teachers can often make accommodations and compromises when needed"
L2 Classroom:
Know your students.
Surveys?
Activities to different learning styles

Reid (1987):ESL students varied in their sensory
preferences according with their culture.

Hispanic
Asia
Korean
Japanese
Full transcript