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Gothic Revival Architecture
Transcript of Gothic Revival Architecture
- Gothic Revival Architecture is an architectural movement that began in the late 1740’s in England but wasn't as known. Though, the style did grow very popular in the early 19th century when very devoted admirers of Gothic styles sought out to revive medieval Gothic arch.
- Gothic Revival architecture is easy to identify as it always has certain features no matter where the building is such as high pitched roofs or spires, tall, narrow windows coming to a point at the top, exposed wood structural beams, cross hatched decorative patterns, finals, scalloping, lancet windows, hood mouldings and label stops which are all common identifiers for Gothic Revival architecture.
Historical Events in the 19th century
- The collapse of the Spanish, First and Second French, Chinese, Holy Roman and Mughal empires which paved the way for the growing influence of the British Empire, Russian Empire, German Empire, the United States and the Empire of Japan, spurring military conflicts but also advances in science and exploration.
- The 19th century was an era of invention and discovery, with significant developments in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, electricity, and metallurgy that laid the groundwork for the technological advances of the 20th century.
- Advances in medicine and the understanding of human anatomy and disease prevention took place.
- The introduction of railroads provided the first major advancement in land transportation .
- The last remaining undiscovered landmasses of Earth, including vast expanses of interior Africa and Asia, were discovered during this century, and with the exception of the extreme zones of the Arctic and Antarctic, accurate and detailed maps of the globe were available by the 1890s
The Tower of London
- It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite.
- The main building material is Kentish rag-stone, although some local mudstone was also used. Caen stone was imported from northern France to provide details in the Tower's facing.
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- The castle was used as a prison from 1100 until 1952 although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence.