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Coloniztion of USA

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gabriela meyer

on 27 September 2017

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Transcript of Coloniztion of USA

Colonization of USA

The New World is one of the names used for the majority of the western hemisphere, specifically the Americas ).

The term was originated in the early 16th century after Europeans "discovered" what would later be called America, expanding the geographical horizon of classical geographers, who had thought of the world as consisting of Africa, Europe, and Asia, referred to the Old World.

The term was "made" by Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci. The Americas were also referred to as the "fourth part of the world".
And what about economy?

Early colonial prosperity resulted from trading. In addition, the fishing industry was a primary source of wealth in Massachusetts. But throughout the colonies, people relied primarily on small farms and self-sufficiency. Households produced their own candles and soaps, preserved food and brewed beer. In the few small cities and among the larger plantations of North and South Carolina and Virginia, some necessities and luxuries were imported -- in return for tobacco, rice and indigo exports, which produced large profits in England's London, Bristol and Liverpool markets. In these areas, trade and credit were essential to economic life.
Why didn't you talk about Pocahontas? Dislike
Pocahontas existed. . . bout NOT with that name. She was born as "Matoaka", in about 1596. She was the daughter of the "leader of the tribe", and she is said to save John Smith from being killed. She was later taken to England by the name of Rebecca, married to a guy named John Rolfe (not John Smith), had a kid (she had around 20 at the time) and died, probably of tuberculosis at the age of 21.
The european colonization began in 1492, when a Spanish expedition headed by Christopher Columbus sailed west to find a new trade route to India but inadvertently landed in what came to be known to Europeans as the "New World" (Also known as North America). But the british were the ones
to colonize the north. It began in 1607, by the hand of James l, and "started" in Virginia. But. . . WHY? To escape religious persecution. The first permanent settlement was Jamestown (They were really creative, right?)
The first settlers planted things from England but their most important crop was Indian corn which they were shown how to cultivate by the native Squanto. To fertilize this crop, they used small fish which they called herrings or shads.

Plantation agriculture, using slaves, developed in Virginia and Maryland (where tobacco was grown), and South Carolina (where indigo and rice were grown). Cotton became a major plantation crop after 1800 in a region from North Carolina in an arc through Texas where the climate allowed for cotton cultivation. The "Black Belt" was originally named after the soil; but came to refer to the high percentage of African-Americans working in the area.

Apart from the tobacco and rice plantations, the great majority of farms were for subsistence, producing food for the family and some for trade and taxes. Throughout the colonial period, subsistence farming was dominant. Farmers supplemented their income with sales of not needed crops or animals in the local market, or by exports to the slave colonies in the West Indies.
The 13 stars of the flag
represent the 13 colonies.
But, mummy, it's hot!

And this is the flag of the Grand Union of America
How it started.
Into the new world
Full transcript