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Emergency medical technicians

J-term
by

Maxwell Morris

on 1 February 2011

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Transcript of Emergency medical technicians

EMT Emergency medical technicians or EMT for short, are medics that are dispatched to respond to emergency calls. EMTs are trained to perform specific medical procedures and transport patients to hospitals, where they can recieve appropriate medical treatment. These medics funtion in accordance with protocals and guidelines established by physician medical directors. EMTs are trained to assess a patients condition and perform necessary procdures until they can be transported to a hospital for more thorough medical help. Some of the operations performed to save patients are; CPR to revive a patients repiratory system, defribrillation to restart a patients heart and prevent shock by immobilizing a patient with a fractured spine or other bones or preventing external bleeding In the united states EMT are certified according to their level of training. They must also meet the requirements of the national highway traffic safety administration's standard for curriculum. The levels of paramedics are; basic, intermediate, and paramedic. Along with these levels, EMTs can also obtain specified certifications, such as Wilderness EMT or Flight paramedic. The basic level of EMT involves simple non-invasive procedures such as external bleeding control, the supplying of oxygenm, and splinting patients extremeties. What is the specific role of EMTs and what training and education does it take to become one? The intermediate level of EMT is between basic and paramedic. This intermediate level is divided into two sections, the EMT-I/85 and the EMT-I/99. EMT-I/85 is a level of training that allows severa more invasive procedures that are not allowed at the basic level, such as including IV therapy, and the use of multi-lumen airway devices. EMT-I/99 is the higher level of intermediate, with an expanded scope of practice, such as cardiac monitoring. Paramedic is the highest level of EMT, and the highest level of medic outside of a hospital. Synopsis: Levels of paramedic Training and education Depending on the level of EMT different hours of in class training are required, a basic EMT recieves anywhere from 110 to over 120 hours of training, intermediates recieve 200-400 hours, and paramedics are required at least 1000 hours. To maintain an EMT certification, CE, or continuing education hours are mandatory as well as refresher courses. Employment EMTs are employed in a variety of settings, such as industrial and entertainment first aid positions to hospital and health care settings, and the prehospital environment. Prehospital EMTs are divided into two groups, non-emergency such as hospital discharges, and emergency for 9-1-1 calls. In many cases EMT are also employed by fire departments, these fire departments provide the primary emergency medical response. benefits usually include: paid vacation, sick leave, medical, dental and vision insurance, and retirement plans. Many employers pay for life insurance. Wages and benefits The typical wages of a starting basic EMT are between 20,000 and 34,000; an intermediate earns up to 42,000, and a paramedic EMT can earn upwards of 70,000 routinely. This symbol is known universally as the Star of Life.
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