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BTEC Sport L3 Unit 3 Risk
Transcript of BTEC Sport L3 Unit 3 Risk
Using your own risk assessment form complete 2 risk assessments for 2 different sports or activities.
Think about the 4 hazards
Carry out risk assessments for two different sports activities, with tutor support
Independently carry out risk assessments for two different sports activities
Review the risk assessment controls and evaluate their effectiveness
Identifying hazards and assessing risks
Risk assessment is about spotting potential dangers (hazards) then taking steps to prevent damage or injury to people.
Reducing risk (health and safety measures)
The chance of a hazard causing harm is increased when the hazards are not identified and suitable measures such as wearing shin guards are not taken.
Precautions reduce the chance of accidents occurring or minimise the harm that an accident can cause, e.g. using stewards at a football match to control crowds.
The degree to which an organisation is exposed to hazards will depend on a range of factors such as scale of operation, nature of activities, type of users and age of facility. The general definition for risk assessment is that it involves making reasoned judgements about the risks and the extent of this risk to people's health, safety and security based on information which leads to decisions on how risks should be managed.
Measures taken to control risk
These are measures taken to control and reduce the identified risk to an acceptable level, for example giving fitness inductions to all new members who join a gym.
When conducting risk assessments within the work place, employees are looking to identify two factors that will affect health and safety. These two factors are risks and hazards.
A hazard is:
Anything that can cause harm.
The risk assessment is: All about spotting hazards and making sure that they do not turn in to accidents. If you were conducting a coaching session the types of hazards you might face depend on where you were conducting the session, e.g. a sports hall:
• Is the surface safe (water spills)?
• Has the equipment been checked?
• Are there any obstructions (posts sticking out from wall)?
• Is the size of hall suitable?
• Are there any windows that could be smashed?
• Is there a first aider on site?
• Is the heating and lighting appropriate to the activity taking place?
A risk is:
The chance, or level of probability, that someone will be harmed or injured and is calculated as the probability multiplied by the severity.
The risk assessment needs to assess the people who might potentially get injured in the session e.g. staff, members of the public or trespassers.
BTEC Sport L3 Unit 3: Risk
Assignment 3.2 Risk assessment
1. User hazards created by participants and other using the facility
2. Activity hazards created by the way the activity is undertaken
3. Instructor/supervisor hazards created by the coach or other staff
4. Physical hazards resulting from the design and structure of the facility and its equipment
The four categories of hazards
Identify area of operation or activity to be assessed, for example: the weight lifting section of the gym.
List the hazards that you can identify, for example lower back injuries, pulled muscles joint injuries.
Identify and list the group of people who are at risk from the hazard, for example first time and inexperienced users.
The risk assessment process
Step 4 Scoring of risk assessment
Risk rating: probability x severity = risk level
1. Probability: Assess the probability of an accident occurring, for example if a first time user comes into the gym what is the probability that they could suffer a lower back injury sustained through incorrect lifting technique?
This probability is given a score out of 5 (1 for a low probability and 5 for a high probability).
2. Severity: Assess how severe the outcome of the accident will be. The outcome is given a score out of 5 (1 for no injury expected and 5 for fatal).
3. Risk level: The score for probability is multiplied by the score for severity and is given a rating. The higher the score the sooner control measures need to be implemented.
1 – 5 Low risk = No immediate action necessary but keep under review
6 – 10 Moderate risk = action should be taken to rectify any faults
11 – 15 Medium risk = action required within 3 months
16 – 20 High risk = urgent action is required to reduce the risk to acceptable levels
21 – 25 Extremely high risk = immediate action must be taken. Possible prohibition of use
To complete a risk assessment correctly there are 7 steps that you must take.
Step 1: Identify area
Step 2: List hazards
Step 3: Identify people
Step 4: Scoring of risks
Step 5: Hierarchy of controls
Step 6: Monitoring
Step 7: Review
Step 5 Hierarchy of controls
Hierarchy of Controls is applied for all risk assessment controls. The hierarchy will help to determine whether an activity is a hazard and will provide guidance on what action to take. For example, if on undertaking a risk assessment an activity is rated as dangerous, by using the hierarchy of controls, a decision can be made to either cancel the activity or provide protective clothing etc.
The hierarchy states that you must start at the top and attempt to comply. If you cannot, you must document why not and move to the next control in the list and so on:
1. Prohibition: removes the hazard completely
2. Substitution: finds a safer alternative
3. Separation: a guard between the hazard and the person
4. Protection: provides protective equipment
5. Training: training in safe operation of task
6. Health surveillance: monitoring of common injuries and possible indicators of potential diseases e.g. medication used to treat injury (muscle relaxants). The purpose of health surveillance is to spot patterns of illness/injury and take action to prevent further occurrences.
Step 6 Monitoring
Assess the risk assessment to ensure that it is controlling risks, through routine inspections and monitoring of accidents.
Step 7 Review
Reviewing the system (at least annually) and making necessary changes especially when systems, equipment or chemicals change.