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Sentence modifiers and Phrases
Transcript of Sentence modifiers and Phrases
Ben Diamond Definition Types of Modifier Phrases Participial Phrases Appositive Types Participial Phrases Absolute Phrases A sentence
modifier adds detail or description to a sentence. Participial Present participial phrase -Appear in the beginning or end of a sentence. A word, phrase or clause that renames or further explains another noun. -An absolute phrase combines a noun and a participle with any accompanying modifiers or objects. Appositive Absolute Interjections Subordinate Clauses Relative clauses Past participial phrases -Usually have an -ing ending. -Usually have an -ed ending. -The action in the participial phrase must
relate to the subject of the sentence. -The subject must be doing the action, if not
it is a dangling modifier. Two types of Appositive phrases -Non-restrictive appositives & -Restrictive Appositives Definition Information you need to know Rather than modifying a specific word, an Absolute phrase alters the whole clause. Examples of Participial phrases The horse galloped up to the fence hoping that you have an apple or carrot. -"galloped up to the fence" would be the Participial phrase in the sentence. Running down the street, Ben tripped and broke his Shin on the sidewalk curve. -"Running down the street" would be the Participial phrase. -The appositive can be a short or long combination of words. Usually right beside it and separated by (a) comma(s). My friend, Nathan, enjoys playing basketball in the afternoon. Examples of Appositive phrases -"Nathan" would be the Appositive phrase because it further describes the noun "friend". Jim,the unusually tall man, couldn't walk through the restaurant entrance without ducking. -"the unusually tall man" is the Appositive phrase because it further describes Jim. Colombi, M. Cecilia, and Mary J. Schleppegrell. "Text organization by bilingual writers: clause
structure as a reflection of discourse structure." Written Communication 14.4 (1997):
481+. Literature Resources from Gale.Web. 4 Oct. 2012 Works Cited Maimon, Elaine P., Janice Peritz, and Kathleen Blake Yancey.The Brief McGraw-Hill
Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Print. Gerrold, David. "To be or naught to be +." ETC.: A Review of General Semantics 59.3 (2002):
245+. Literature Resources from Gale.Web. 4 Oct. 2012 Weinhold, Kelle. "Appositives." Phrases, Appositive. The University of Oregon School of
Journalism and Communication, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. Combines a noun and a participle with any modifier or objects. Formula for an Absolute Phrase noun + participle + optional modifier(s) and/or object(s) Example of Absolute Phrases His legs shivering, Ben ran into his house after seeing a Boa Constrictor. -"His legs shivering" is the Absolute Phrase because it combines a noun with the participle and describes what he's doing. Simmons, Robin L. "The Absolute Phrase." The Absolute Phrase. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. Interjections Interjections are words or phrases that command, protest, or exclaim. Sometimes stand by themselves Usually contained in larger sentence structures Examples Wow! He actually did it! -"Wow" would be the Interjection. "Interjections." Grammar.ccc.commnet.edu. Capital Community College Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. Can be separated by commas. Oh, So he did do it? -"Oh" would be the Interjection. Subordinate clauses Begins with a conjunction or relative pronoun and will contain both a subject and a verb. This odd combination will not construct a complete sentence, but rather make the reader want to finish the thought. Examples After Luke fell off the bike Before Ben stepped on the nail Once Mrs. Mattoni smelled the coffee Relative Clauses A Relative clause will meet three requirements Will contain a subject and a verb Will begin in a relative pronoun or relative adverb Will function as an Adjective and will answer these questions Relative Clause Examples That dangled from the bathroom shower curtain Whom stayed up until he could no more Simmons, Robin L. "The Relative Clause." The Relative Clause. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Oct. 2012. -What kind? -How many? -Which one? -Who did? -What did?